Beyond the DOM: Sane Structure for JS Apps

Beyond the DOM: Sane Structure for JS Apps

Delivered at FrontTrends 2012 in Warsaw.

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Rebecca Murphey

April 26, 2012
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  1. Beyond the DOM: Sane Structure for JS Apps Rebecca Murphey

    • @rmurphey • FrontTrends 2012 Thursday, April 26, 12
  2. rmurphey.com • @rmurphey • bocoup.com Thursday, April 26, 12

  3. function ObjInlineDown(e) { if (is.ie) e = event if (is.ie

    && ! is.ieMac && e.button != 1 && e.button != 2) return if (is.ieMac && e.button != 0) return if (is.ns && ! is.ns4 && e.button != 0 && e.button != 2) return if (is.ns4 && e.which != 1 && e.which != 3) return this.onSelect() this.onDown() } function ObjInlineUp(e) { if (is.ie) e = event if (is.ie && ! is.ieMac && e.button != 1 && e.button != 2) return if (is.ieMac && e.button != 0) return if (is.ns && ! is.ns4 && ! is.nsMac && e.button != 0 && e.button != 2) return if (is.ns4 && e.which != 1 && e.which != 3) return if ((!is.ns4 && e.button == 2) || (is.ns4 && e.which == 3)) { if (this.hasOnRUp) { document.oncontextmenu = ocmNone this.onRUp() setTimeout("document.oncontextmenu = ocmOrig", 100) } } else if (this.hasOnUp) this.onUp() } Thursday, April 26, 12
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  7. <div id="searchForm"> <form class="form-inline"> <input type="text" placeholder="Enter your search term">

    <button type="submit">Search</button> </form> <ul id="searchResults"></ul> </div> Thursday, April 26, 12
  8. $("#searchForm form").submit(function(e) { alert('submit'); e.preventDefault(); var term = $('#searchForm input').val(),

    req = $.getJSON('http://search.twitter.com/search.json?callback=?&q=' + encodeURIComponent(term)); req.then(function(resp) { var resultsHTML = $.map(resp.results, function(r) { return '<li>' + '<p class="tweet">' + r.text + '</p>' + '<p class="username">' + r.from_user + '</p>' + '</li>'; }).join(''); $('#searchResults').html(resultsHTML); }); }); Thursday, April 26, 12
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  11. a').hasClass('md_fullpage')) { // alert('clicked section is current section AND fullpage

    mode is active; teaser should load'); // Minimize jQuery('#md_tabs_navigation a').removeClass('md_fullpage'); jQuery('.md_body').hide(); jQuery('#md_feature').slideDown('normal',function(){ var bodyContent = jQuery('#md_body_'+ section); bodyContent.fadeOut('normal',function(){ jQuery('#md_tabs_navigation a').each(function(){ var thisSection = jQuery(this).html().replace('<span<','').replace('<\/span<',''); var thisSection_comp = thisSection.toLowerCase().replace(' ','_'); jQuery('#md_body_'+ thisSection_comp).load( '/app/modules/info/loadTeaser.php?sect='+ thisSection_comp, function(){ tb_init('.md_body a.thickbox, .md_body area.thickbox, .md_body input.thickbox'); bodyContent.animate({ height: 'toggle', opacity: 'toggle' },"slow"); } ); }); }); }); jQuery('#expandtabs span').empty().append('Expand Tabs'); } else { // if the clicked section is NOT the current section OR we're NOT in full page mode // then let's go to full page mode and show the whole tab // Maximize // alert('clicked section is not the current section OR full page mode is not active; full section should load'); jQuery('#md_tabs_navigation li').removeClass('current'); jQuery('#md_tab_'+ section).addClass('current'); jQuery('#md_tabs_navigation a').addClass('md_fullpage'); jQuery('.md_body').hide(); jQuery('#md_feature').slideUp('normal',function(){ var bodyContent = jQuery('#md_body_'+ section); bodyContent.fadeOut('normal',function(){ bodyContent.empty(); var pageLoader = 'info/loadSection.php?sect='+ section; if (section == 'contact_us') { pageLoader = 'contact/loadContactForm.php?form_id=1'; } bodyContent.load('/app/modules/'+ pageLoader,function(){ // ADD THICKBOXES tb_init('.md_body a.thickbox, .md_body area.thickbox, .md_body input.thickbox'); $recent_news_links = jQuery('ul.md_news li a.recent_news_link'); $recent_news_links .unbind('click') .each(function(){ var hrefMod = this.href; hrefMod = hrefMod.replace(/article/,'loadNews').replace(/storyid/,'id'); this.href = hrefMod; }) .click(function(){ var t = this.title || this.name || null; Thursday, April 26, 12
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  13. search data search input search results $("#searchForm form").submit(function(e) { alert('submit');

    e.preventDefault(); var term = $('#searchForm input').val(), req = $.getJSON('http://search.twitter.com encodeURIComponent(term)); req.then(function(resp) { var resultsHTML = $.map(resp.results, functi return '<li>' + '<p class="tweet">' + r.text + '</p>' + '<p class="username">' + r.from_user + ' '</li>'; }).join(''); $('#searchResults').html(resultsHTML); }); }); Thursday, April 26, 12
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  19. define([ 'jquery', 'text!template.html' ], function($, html) { return function() {

    $('body').append(html); }; }); Thursday, April 26, 12
  20. <script data-main="app/config" src="/lib/require.js"></script> Thursday, April 26, 12

  21. require.config({ deps : [ 'main' ], paths : { //

    JavaScript folders lib : '../lib', plugins : '../lib/plugins', tests : '../tests', app : '.', // Libraries jquery : '../lib/jquery', underscore : '../lib/underscore', backbone : '../lib/backbone', text : '../lib/plugins/text' } }); Thursday, April 26, 12
  22. require([ 'use!backbone', 'jquery', 'router', 'models/app' ], function(B, $, Router, app)

    { $(function() { app.router = new Router(); B.history.start(); }); }); app/main Thursday, April 26, 12
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  24. views display data, announce user interaction, and await further instruction

    models & collections manage application state and communicate with the server controllers set up views, transport messages from views to models & collections Thursday, April 26, 12
  25. app/views/results app/views/searchForm app/views/recentSearches Thursday, April 26, 12

  26. #mainbar #sidebar app/controllers/search Thursday, April 26, 12

  27. searches collection keeps track of recent search terms search data

    collection fetches results from the server for a given search term app model keeps track of general application state, including the current search search model for representing individual searches Thursday, April 26, 12
  28. search controller searches collection app model app/views/results app/views/searchForm app/views/recentSearches search

    data server Thursday, April 26, 12
  29. $("#searchForm form").submit(function(e) { alert('submit'); e.preventDefault(); var term = $('#searchForm input').val(),

    req = $.getJSON('http://search.twitter.com/search.json?callba encodeURIComponent(term)); req.then(function(resp) { var resultsHTML = $.map(resp.results, function(r) { return '<li>' + '<p class="tweet">' + r.text + '</p>' + '<p class="username">' + r.from_user + '</p>' + '</li>'; }).join(''); $('#searchResults').html(resultsHTML); }); }); Thursday, April 26, 12
  30. search controller searches collection app model app/views/results app/views/searchForm app/views/recentSearches search

    data server Thursday, April 26, 12
  31. prepare : function() { _.bindAll(this, 'release', '_onSearch', '_disable'); }, events

    : { 'submit .search-form' : '_onSearch' }, _onSearch : function(e) { e.preventDefault(); if (this.disabled) { return; } var term = $.trim(this.$('.js-input').val()); if (!term) { return; } this._disable(); this.trigger('search', term); }, release : function() { this.disabled = false; this.$('.js-submit').removeAttr('disabled'); }, Thursday, April 26, 12
  32. searchForm.on('search', update); function update(t) { var term = $.trim(t), existing

    = searches.where({ term : term }), dfd = $.Deferred(), search; app.set('currentSearch', term); if (term) { if (existing.length) { search = existing[0]; search.update(); } else { search = new Search({ term : term }); searches.add(search); } searchData.fetch({ data : { term : term } }) .then(dfd.resolve, dfd.reject) .always(searchForm.release); app.router.navigate('search/' + term); } else { dfd.resolve(); } return dfd; } Thursday, April 26, 12
  33. it("should announce the form submission", function() { var t; sf.on('search',

    function(term) { t = term; }); el.find('.js-input').val('searchterm'); el.find('.search-form').submit(); expect(t).to.be('searchterm'); }); Thursday, April 26, 12
  34. it("should update the page when the search form announces a

    search", function(done) { var searchFormEl = $('.component.search-form').parent(), searchForm = _.filter(s.views, function(v) { return v.$el[0] === searchFormEl[0]; })[0]; s.searchData.on('change', function() { expect($('.component.results').html()).to.contain('srchr'); expect($('.component.recent-searches').html()).to.contain('srchr'); expect(navigatedTo).to.be('search/srchr'); done(); }); searchForm.trigger('search', 'srchr'); }); Thursday, April 26, 12
  35. search controller searches collection app model app/views/results app/views/searchForm app/views/recentSearches search

    data server Thursday, April 26, 12
  36. function update(t) { var term = $.trim(t), existing = searches.where({

    term : term }), dfd = $.Deferred(), search; app.set('currentSearch', term); if (term) { if (existing.length) { search = existing[0]; search.update(); } else { search = new Search({ term : term }); searches.add(search); } searchData.fetch({ data : { term : term } }) .then(dfd.resolve, dfd.reject) .always(searchForm.release); app.router.navigate('search/' + term); } else { dfd.resolve(); } return dfd; } Thursday, April 26, 12
  37. this.bindTo(this.searchData, 'add change', this._update); this.bindTo(this.searchData, 'fetching', function() { this._empty(); this.reset();

    }); Thursday, April 26, 12
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  39. function update(t) { var term = $.trim(t), existing = searches.where({

    term : term }), search; app.set('currentSearch', term); if (existing.length) { search = existing[0]; search.update(); } else { search = new Search({ term : term }); searches.add(search); } searchData.fetch({ data : { term : term } }) .always(searchForm.release); app.router.navigate('search/' + term); } Thursday, April 26, 12
  40. describe("#update", function() { it("should update the time", function(done) { var

    search = new Search(), oldTime = search.get('time'); setTimeout(function() { search.update(); expect(search.get('time')).to.be.greaterThan(oldTime); done(); }, 1000); }); }); Thursday, April 26, 12
  41. it("should update when there is a new search", function() {

    expect(el.html()).not.to.contain('baz'); rs.currentSearch = function() { return 'baz'; }; rs.searches.add({ term : 'baz' }); expect(el.html()).to.contain('baz'); expect(el.find('.active').html()).to.contain('baz'); }); Thursday, April 26, 12
  42. memory management requirejs builds for production multi-page apps w/history api

    Thursday, April 26, 12
  43. rmurphey.com • @rmurphey • bocoup.com github.com/rmurphey/srchr-demo Thursday, April 26, 12