Gathering, compiling and sharing user-centric data in Smart Grids

Gathering, compiling and sharing user-centric data in Smart Grids

Short summary of the eGOTHAM project (http://www.e-gotham.eu/).

Transcript

  1. 1 Jul 2013 Roberto Rigolin Ferreira Lopes Gathering, compiling and

    sharing user-centric data in Smart Grids rrlopes@itk.ntnu.no Brasov, 15th July 2013
  2. 2 Education • Computer Science o Distributed systems and computer

    networks o 2007-2012 PhD at University of Sao Paulo - USP o University of Twente, The Netherlands o University of Ottawa, Canada o 2005-2007 Msc. o 2001-2004 Bsc. INTRO Jul 2013
  3. 3 Currently • 11/2012 Postdoc • Norwegian University of Science

    and Technology – NTNU • Supervisor: Sverre Hendseth (sverre.hendseth@itk.ntnu.no) • Department of Engineering Cybernetics - ITK • Trondheim, Norway INTRO Jul 2013
  4. 4 e-GOTHAM • Open system for aggregated control, monitoring and

    management of energy – Integrate renewable energy sources – Dynamically match demand and supply – Raise energy consumption awareness INTRO Jul 2013 Img src: http://solutions.3m.com/ Smart Power Grids
  5. 5 Research INTRO Aug 2012

  6. 6 Smart Grids • Electricity flows in one way from

    the generation, through transmission lines, to the end user. • Data flows in two directions carrying monitored values and control messages. INTRO Web Public all-IP network(s) Generation Transmission Consumption Electricity Data Services Jul 2013
  7. 7 Microgrids • The web is the place to orchestrate

    computational services INTRO Jul 2013 Service provider(s) Web Public all-IP network(s) Grid company Consumer Consumer Consumers Consumers Microgrid Macrogrid Microgrid 02 Microgrid x ... Private all-IP network(s) monitoring/controlling ADSL, WiMax, fiber to the home and etc. Generator Generator Social network(s)
  8. 8 Smart metering • Metering disaggregation Jul 2013 INTRO

  9. 9 Smart metering Web Public all-IP network(s) ADSL, WiMax or

    fiber to home Grid company Mobile device Mobile device Switch LAN Switch LAN Access point WLAN Access point WLAN Digital TV Digital TV Regional Collector Regional Collector Full duplex link AMR Broadband gateway Broadband gateway · Billing · Monitoring · Controlling Potential interface devices Smart House Monitor/Control Monitored/Controled Systems · Heating system · Air conditioning · Illumination · Electric appliances · Electric car Smart meter Smart meter One way link AMR 1 2 3 AMI and EM Disaggregated metering Jul 2013 INTRO
  10. 10 Automatic metering reading • One way link • Full-duplex

    link • Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) or Energy Management (EM) Jul 2013 Smart meter Smart meter Regional Collector Regional Collector Radio link Power supplier Grid company Smart meter Smart meter Broadband gateway Broadband gateway Web ADSL or fiber to the home Power supplier Grid company AMR + intelligent services = AMI or EM INTRO
  11. 11 Scenario INTRO Jul 2013 Price Power Time Consumption Credentials

    kW Electric car monitoring app. New service Power supplier
  12. 12 Car monitoring app. INTRO Jul 2013 Smart House Smart

    meter Smart meter Web Digital TV Digital TV 20% Battery Grid Company Service Provider 1 2 Mobile device Mobile device Consumption monitoring application Recharge application
  13. 13 Scenario INTRO Jul 2013 My Electric Car Xpto Plugged

    60% Battery Recharge Now Smart Recharge Save money letting NTE choose when recharge your car.
  14. 14 Scenario • Links to realize the scenario INTRO Jul

    2013 Grid company Grid company Service provider(s) Web 2-1000 Mbps High latency Smart Meter Smart Meter LAN 300-1000 Mbps Low latency < 10 ms Smart Meter Smart Meter Digital TV Digital TV Web Web Mobile device Mobile device Upload Monitoring Download Controlling 1 2 3
  15. 15 Experiments • IPv6 emulated network environment • State-of-art protocols

    implementations INTRO Jul 2013 Web Public all-IP network(s) Apache 2 Consumer 01 Smart Meter Smart Meter Last-mile 7-45 ms Latency Healthy < 90 ms Warning < 180 ms Critical > 180 ms Broadband gateway Broadband gateway Server Server 1 2 Move the services to the ISP Centralized Distributed
  16. 16 Results - centralized INTRO Jul 2013 Web Public all-IP

    network(s) Apache 2 Consumer 01 Smart Meter Smart Meter Last-mile 7-45 ms Latency Healthy < 90 ms Warning < 180 ms Critical > 180 ms Broadband gateway Broadband gateway Server Server 1 2 Move the services to the ISP Centralized Distributed Healthy Warning Critical
  17. 17 Results - distributed INTRO Jul 2013 Web Public all-IP

    network(s) Apache 2 Consumer 01 Smart Meter Smart Meter Last-mile 7-45 ms Latency Healthy < 90 ms Warning < 180 ms Critical > 180 ms Broadband gateway Broadband gateway Server Server 1 2 Move the services to the ISP Centralized Distributed
  18. 18 User-centric approach • Sense, compile and share electricity-related data.

    INTRO Jul 2013 Web Users Users Users Users Microgrid current state Generator New generator + Continuous cycle 60% 35% 5% Others Wind Solar 33% 66% Macrogrid Micro grid Weather conditions New user New user Usage Sources 40% 60% Storage Storage Opportunistic community sensing Changes Sensing Sharing Compile and inform 1 2 3
  19. 19 Current challenge • How spread green behaviours within the

    microgrid? – Using social networks… INTRO Jul 2013 Exponential Preferential attachment
  20. 20 The end. • Gathering, compiling and sharing user-centric data

    in Smart Grids Roberto Rigolin Ferreira Lopes Department of Engineering Cybernetics - ITK rrlopes@itk.ntnu.no Jul 2013 INTRO