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A broad look at charcoal rot in the Northern Region broadacre crops through soil sampling and in-crop surveys

0da6691d49ce3e26a622158a2160514b?s=47 Adam H. Sparks
September 05, 2018

A broad look at charcoal rot in the Northern Region broadacre crops through soil sampling and in-crop surveys

In this paper, we present findings from soil sampling and end-of-season disease assessments for charcoal rot in sorghum paddocks across northern New South Wales (NNSW), south eastern Queensland (SEQ) and central Queensland (CQ) during the 2016/17 and 2017/18 summer cropping seasons.

0da6691d49ce3e26a622158a2160514b?s=128

Adam H. Sparks

September 05, 2018
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  1. CRICOS: QLD00244B NSW02225M TEQSA: PRV12081 A broad look at charcoal

    rot in the Northern Region broadacre crops through soil sampling and in-crop surveys
  2. CRICOS: QLD00244B NSW02225M TEQSA: PRV12081 What is charcoal rot (and

    why should I care)? Photo: Kansas State University Stalk rot infected (left) vs healthy sorghum (right) Macrophomina phaseolina
  3. CRICOS: QLD00244B NSW02225M TEQSA: PRV12081 • Common after prolonged drought

    and heat stress during grain fill • Any form of stress due to agronomic factors also predispose the crop • First obvious sign usually lodging near maturity • Ash-grey stalk tissue with microsclerotes • Survives in soil and on stubble of over 400 crop and weed hosts for up to 4+ years • Widely occurring, endemic Charcoal Rot Photo: USQ CCH Summer Crops Pathology Charcoal rot symptoms
  4. CRICOS: QLD00244B NSW02225M TEQSA: PRV12081 Sorghum lesion photo Image: Precila

    Gonzales, USQ CCH Sorghum
  5. CRICOS: QLD00244B NSW02225M TEQSA: PRV12081 PREDICTA®B Macrophomina Tests Know before

    you sow Cereal root diseases cost grain growers in excess of $200 million annually in lost production. Much of this loss can be prevented. Using PreDicta®B North soil tests and advice from your local accredited agronomist, these diseases can be detected and managed before losses occur. PreDicta®B North is a DNA based soil testing service to assist growers PreDicta®B North tests for the two major damaging Pratylenchus species and the pathogens causing crown
  6. CRICOS: QLD00244B NSW02225M TEQSA: PRV12081

  7. CRICOS: QLD00244B NSW02225M TEQSA: PRV12081 Sampling Method Development 2016/17 and

    2017/18 Summer Seasons
  8. CRICOS: QLD00244B NSW02225M TEQSA: PRV12081 The sampling strategy developed needs

    to be repeatable and rigorous and take into consideration: Sampling Strategy Development Initial Assessment and Sampling Soil sample SARDI molecular analysis Meet growers and survey • different stubble management systems; • location of new crop row; • where to sample; • quantity of stubble required in sample, • in-paddock variability.
  9. CRICOS: QLD00244B NSW02225M TEQSA: PRV12081 N.T. S.A. Qld. N.S.W. Vic.

    A.C.T. 40°S 35°S 30°S 25°S 20°S 15°S 10°S 130°E 135°E 140°E 145°E 150°E 155°E Longitude Latitude Paddocks 2.5 5.0 7.5 Data: Naturalearthdata and DAQ00186 2017/18 Summer Season Sampling Locations (n = 73) Three regions cQld sQld nNSW
  10. CRICOS: QLD00244B NSW02225M TEQSA: PRV12081 Sampling Development Results

  11. CRICOS: QLD00244B NSW02225M TEQSA: PRV12081 Population density categories

  12. CRICOS: QLD00244B NSW02225M TEQSA: PRV12081 Sampling strategies 1. Soil collected

    from previous crop row with no (0) stubble pieces 2. Soil collected from previous crop row with 15 stubble pieces 3. Soil collected from previous crop row with 30 stubble pieces 4. Soil collected from off the plant row 5. Soil collected from off the plant row with 30 pieces of stubble from weeds or previous crops at the location PREDICTA®B Sampling Strategy Results p < 0.05 n = 73
  13. CRICOS: QLD00244B NSW02225M TEQSA: PRV12081 PREDICTA®B Population Density Results

  14. CRICOS: QLD00244B NSW02225M TEQSA: PRV12081 End of Season Assessment prior

    to harvest Macrophomina lesion measurement Lodging assessment Yield data request End of Season
  15. CRICOS: QLD00244B NSW02225M TEQSA: PRV12081 PREDICTA®B End of Season Assessment

  16. CRICOS: QLD00244B NSW02225M TEQSA: PRV12081 PREDICTA®B End of Season Assessment

  17. CRICOS: QLD00244B NSW02225M TEQSA: PRV12081 Central Queensland •Few sorghum crops

    in 2016/17 season •Hot dry conditions, however •Little charcoal rot developed, likely due to in-crop rainfall from ex- cyclone Debbie Southeast Queensland •Hot dry conditions likely limited the crop yields reducing the impact of charcoal rot Results 2016/17
  18. CRICOS: QLD00244B NSW02225M TEQSA: PRV12081 Results 2017/18 Central Queensland •Highest

    population densities of M. phaseolina •Low incidence of infection Southeast Queensland •High population densities •Highest levels of lodging and infection Northern New South Wales •Lowest population densities of M. phaseolina •Also lowest lodging
  19. CRICOS: QLD00244B NSW02225M TEQSA: PRV12081 Conclusions

  20. CRICOS: QLD00244B NSW02225M TEQSA: PRV12081 p < 0.05

  21. CRICOS: QLD00244B NSW02225M TEQSA: PRV12081 However… Assessment prior to harvest

    Macrophomina lesion measurement Lodging assessment Yield data request End of Season
  22. CRICOS: QLD00244B NSW02225M TEQSA: PRV12081 Special thanks to sorghum growers

    for allowing access to their paddocks for sample collection. Acknowledgments GRDC Projects DAQ00186 and DAS00137