Recreations of W.E.B Du bois' Data Portraits

7eca3e06edc3c69004aaf57de51900c2?s=47 Anthony Starks
November 06, 2019

Recreations of W.E.B Du bois' Data Portraits

7eca3e06edc3c69004aaf57de51900c2?s=128

Anthony Starks

November 06, 2019
Tweet

Transcript

  1. 2.

    Table of Contents Plate 1: Plate 2: Plate 3: Plate

    4: Plate 5: Plate 6: Plate 7: Plate 8: Plate 9: Plate 10: Plate 11: Plate 12: Plate 13: Plate 14: Plate 15: Plate 16: Plate 17: Plate 18: Plate 19: Plate 20: Plate 21: Plate 22: Plate 23: Plate 24: Plate 25: Plate 26: Plate 27: Plate 30: Plate 31: Plate 37: Plate 38: Plate 39: Plate 40: Plate 41: Plate 42: Plate 43: Plate 44: Plate 45: Plate 46: Plate 47: Plate 48: Plate 49: Plate 50: Plate 51: Plate 52: Plate 53: Plate 54: Plate 55: Plate 56: Plate 57: Plate 58: Plate 59: Plate 60: Plate 61: Plate 62: Plate 63: Plate XX: The Georgia Negro Relative Negro Population of the States of the United States States of the United States According to Their Negro Population Negro Population of Georgia Negro Population of Georgia by Counties, 1890 Negro Population of Georgia by Counties, 1870, 1880 Comparative Increase of White and Colored Population of Georgia Migration of Negroes 1890 Age Distribution of Georgia Negroes Compared with France Conjugal Condition City and Rural Population 1890 Slave and Free Negroes Race Amalgamation in Georgia Illiteracy Children in the Public Schools Teachers in Georgia Public Schools Number Of Negro Students Taking The Various Courses Of Study Offered In Georgia Schools Value of Land Owned by Georgia Negroes Acres of Land Owned by Negroes in Georgia Land Owned by Negroes in Georgia, USA, 1870-1900 Valuation of Town and City Property Owned by Georgia Negroes Assessed Valuation of all Taxable Property Owned by Georgia Negroes Negro population in two cities of Georgia Value of Farming Tools Assessed Value of Household and Kitchen Furniture Owned by Georgia Negroes Occupations Of Georgia Negroes Occupations Of Negroes And Whites In Georgia Condition of 300 Negro Farm Tenants After 1 Year's Toil, 1898 Income and Expenditure A Series Of Statistical Charts Illustrating The Conditions Of Descendants Of Formal African Slaves Now Resident In The Unites States Distribution of Negroes in the United States Increase in the Negro Population in the United States Comparative rate of increase of the White and Negro elements population of the United States Population Comparison Population Proportions Occupations in which American Negroes are engaged Proportion of Whites and Negroes in the different classes Occupations in which 10,000 or more American Negroes are engaged Number of Negro teachers in the Public Schools of the United States Illiteracy of the American Negro compared with other nations Enrollment in the Negro common school of the former slave States Proportion Of Total Negro Children Of School Age Who Are Enrolled In The Public Schools The Rise of Negroes from Slavery to Freedom in One Generation Proportion of Freemen and Slaves City and Rural Population Conjugal condition of American Negroes according to age periods Amalgamation of the White and Black elements of the population in the United States Proprietes contribuables des Nègres dans trois Etats des Etats Unis Negro landowners Negro business men in the United States Pauperism among American Negroes Mortality of American Negroes Crime among American Negroes American Negro newspapers and periodicals Religion of American Negroes Statistics of Negro Church Organizations Decrease of Illiteracy Among Black Freedmen of the United States (not in the book discovered by Jason Forrest)
  2. 3.

    Plate 1 Plate 2 Plate 3 Plate 4 Plate 5

    Plate 6 Plate 7 Plate 8 Plate 9
  3. 4.

    Plate 10 Plate 11 Plate 12 Plate 13 Plate 14

    Plate 15 Plate 16 Plate 17 Plate 18
  4. 5.

    Plate 19 Plate 20 Plate 21 Plate 22 Plate 23

    Plate 24 Plate 25 Plate 26 Plate 27
  5. 6.

    Plate 30 Plate 31 Plate 37 Plate 38 Plate 39

    Plate 40 Plate 41 Plate 42 Plate 43
  6. 7.

    Plate 44 Plate 45 Plate 46 Plate 47 Plate 48

    Plate 49 Plate 50 Plate 51 Plate 52
  7. 8.

    Plate 53 Plate 54 Plate 55 Plate 56 Plate 57

    Plate 58 Plate 59 Plate 60 Plate 61
  8. 10.

    THE GEORGIA NEGRO. ROUTES OF THE AFRICAN SLAVE TRADE. THIS

    CASE IS DEVOTED TO THE SERIES OF CHARTS,MAPS, AND OTHER DEVI- CES DESIGNED TO ILLUSTRATE THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE AMERICAN NEGRO IN A SINGLE TYPICAL STATE OF THE UNITED STATES * THE PROBLEM OF THE 20TH CENTURY IS THE PROBLEM OF THE COLOR-LINE A SOCIAL STUDY BY W.E.BURGHARDT DU BOIS.
  9. 11.

    RELATIVE NEGRO POPULATION OF THE STATES OF THE UNITED STATES.

    750,000 NEGROES AND OVER 600,000 - 750,000 500,000 - 600,000 300,000 - 500,000 200,000 - 300,000 100,000 - 200,000 50,000 - 100,000 25,000 - 50,000 10,000 - 25,000 UNDER - 10,000
  10. 12.

    STATES OF THE UNITED STATES ACCORDING TO THEIR NEGRO POPULATION.

    858,815 107,596 608,340 GEORGIA MISSISSIPPI SOUTH CAROLINA ALABAMA VIRGINIA NORTH CAROLINA LOUISIANA TEXAS TENNESEE ARKANSAS KENTUCKY MARYLAND FLORIDA MISSOURI PENNSYLVANIA ALL OTHER STATES
  11. 13.

    NEGRO POPULATION OF GEORGIA. 1790 - 29,662 1800 - 60,423

    1810 - 107,019 1820 - 151,417 1830 - 220,017 1840 - 283,697 1850 - 384,613 1860 - 465,698 1870 - 545,142 1880 - 725,133 1890 - 858,815
  12. 14.

    NEGRO POPULATION OF GEORGIA BY COUNTIES. 1890. OVER 30,000 NEGROES

    BETWEEN 20,000 AND 30,000 15,000 TO 20,000 10,000 TO 15,000 5,000 TO 10,000 2,500 TO 5,000 1,000 TO 2,500 UNDER 1,000
  13. 15.

    NEGRO POPULATION OF GEORGIA BY COUNTIES. 1870 1880 BETWEEN 20,000

    AND 30,000 15,000 TO 20,000 10,000 TO 15,000 5,000 TO 10,000 2,500 TO 5,000 1,000 TO 2,500 UNDER 1,000
  14. 16.

    100 95 90 85 80 75 70 65 60 55

    50 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 PERCENTS 1790 1800 1810 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890 = COLORED = WHITE COMPARATIVE INCREASE OF WHITE AND COLORED POPULATION OF GEORGIA.
  15. 17.

    MIGRATION OF NEGROES. 1890. PRESENT DWELLING PLACE OF NEGROES IN

    GEORGIA. BIRTH PLACE OF NEGROES NOW PRESENT IN GEORGIA. 254 48 38 68 12,016 6,025 12,142 589 24,556 798,747 3,981 347 462 223 40 321 866 293 97 229 12 320 148 44 11 14 7 474 193 424 9,998 51 556 120 27 62 5 21 121 7 44 32 1 9 285 480 480 38 18 1 9 37 144 99 625 6,720 798,747 3,198 20,777 1530 7,303 31 50 38 42 13 14 12 74 592 2 10 42 21 238 1,058 8 12 4 1 1 1 1 6 46
  16. 18.

    NEGROES FRANCE 30.1% AGES UNDER 10 26.1% 10-20 17.3% 20-30

    10.6% 30-40 6.8% 40-50 4.6% 50-60 2.9% 60-70 1.6% 70 AND OVER 17.5% 17.4% 16.3% 13.8% 12.3% 10.1% 7.6% 5% AGE DISTRIBUTION OF GEORGIA NEGROES COMPARED WITH FRANCE.
  17. 19.

    CONJUGAL CONDITION SINGLE MARRIED WIDOWED AND DIVORCED GERMANY NEGROES GERMANY

    NEGROES GERMANY NEGROES 62.1% 37.3% 0.6% 41% 54% 5% 9.6% 84.8% 5.6% 4.5% 73.5% 22% 8.2% 62.2% 29.6% 4.5% 54.5% 41% AGE 15-40 40-60 60 AND OVER
  18. 20.

    8,025 734,952 NEGROES LIVING IN THE COUNTRY AND VILLAGES CITY

    AND RURAL POPULATION. 1890. 78,139 NEGROES IN CITIES OF OVER 10,000 INHABITANTS NEGROES IN CITIES FROM 5,000 TO 10,000 37,699 NEGROES IN CITIES FROM 2,500 TO 5,000
  19. 21.

    SLAVE AND FREE NEGROES. PERCENT OF FREE NEGROES 1790 1.3%

    1800 1.7 1810 1.7 1820 1.2 1830 0.8 1840 0.9 1850 0.7 1860 0.8 1870 100%
  20. 22.

    RACE AMALGAMATION IN GEORGIA. BASED ON A STUDY OF 40,000

    INDIVIDUALS OF NEGRO DESCENT YELLOW. BROWN. BLACK. I.E. PERSONS WITH MORE WHITE THAN NEGRO BLOOD I.E. PERSONS WITH SOME WHITE BLOOD OR DESCENDANTS OF LIGHT COLORED AFRICANS I.E. FULL-BLOODED NEGROES. 16% 40% 44%
  21. 24.

    NEGRO CHILDREN ENROLLED IN THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS. 7 1860 10,351

    1878 72,855 1884 110,150 1888 120,533 1891 158,936 1897 180,656 1885
  22. 26.

    BUSINESS 12 CLASSICAL 98 PROFESSIONAL 152 SCIENTIFIC 161 NORMAL 383

    INDUSTRIAL 2252 NUMBER OF NEGRO STUDENTS TAKING THE VARIOUS COURSES OF STUDY OFFERED IN GEORGIA SCHOOLS.
  23. 27.

    VALUE OF LAND OWNED BY GEORGIA NEGROES. 1899 $4,220,120 1895

    $4,158,960 1890 $3,485,176 1885 $2,362,889 1880 $1,522,173 1875 $1,263,802
  24. 28.

    1874 1875 1876 1877 1878 1879 1880 1882 1883 1884

    1885 1888 1887 1888 1889 1890 1891 1892 1893 1894 1895 1896 1897 1898 1899 338,769 1,062,223 ACRES OF LAND OWNED BY NEGROES IN GEORGIA.
  25. 29.

    LAND OWNED BY NEGROES IN GEORGIA, U.S.A 1870-1900. 15234 7121

    5440 3623 5594 4604 4198 14723 11157 12379 28514 1163 6974 4052 2198 4238 672 4799 6308 4879 3508 4175 5184 5859 1603 5273 7373 22718 277 6158 5238 9238 468 560 41520 1768 15901 11338 10817 5344 18536 3013 11216 9500 20467 130 1563 12032 1950 3315 1141 680 298 15509 2500 7477 2714 2510 3534 20861 2221 12248 2806 3217 3899 14204 12384 5414 5785 8100 3656 12399 19638 15319 44601 3660 21749 1948 7897 3233 3854 4492 13760 5221 9952 317 17692 12516 13836 5764 250 5997 4209 2758 9541 3098 745 6645 4149 8289 14071 6554 2233 881 8041 6207 2448 2386 14738 3582 13745 13799 8948 7425 15228 8955 9799 10452 22947 480 8331 7998 164 8514 2684 4772 1019 2189 11147 11479 4479 1026 2773 9470 13700 6900 7575 THE FIGURES INDICATE THE NUMBER OF ACRES OWNED IN EACH COUNTY IN 1899
  26. 30.

    VALUATION OF TOWN AND CITY PROPERTY OWNED BY GEORGIA NEGROES

    1870 1875 1880 1885 1890 1895 1900 1,000,000 2,000,000 3,000,000 4,000,000 KU-KLUX-KLANISM FINANCIAL PANIC LYNCHING POLITICAL UNREST RISE OF THE NEW “INDUSTRIALISM” DISFRANCHISMENT AND PROSCRIPTIVE LAWS
  27. 31.

    ASSESSED VALUATION OF ALL TAXABLE PROPERTY OWNED BY GEORGIA NEGROES.

    $ 5,393,885 1875 1880 1885 1890 1895 1899 $12,941,230 $13,447,423 $5,764,293 $8,153,390 $12,322,003
  28. 32.

    NEGRO PROPERTY IN TWO CITIES OF GEORGIA 699 639 1387

    1120 2157 1112 1880 1890 1899 $ 194,392 $ 227,955 $ 550,145 $ 768,258 $ 872,737 $ 1,308,995 PROPERTY = SAVANNAH ATLANTA = OWNERS 1880 1890 1899
  29. 34.

    $ 21,186 1875 $ 498,532 1880 " 736,170 1885 "

    1,173,624 1890 " 1,322,694 1895 " 1,434,975 1899 ASSESSED VALUE OF HOUSEHOLD AND KITCHEN FURNITURE OWNED BY GEORGIA NEGROES.
  30. 35.

    OCCUPATIONS OF GEORGIA NEGROES. MALES OVER 10 1890. 98,400 63,012

    29,723 7,440 7,000 4,390 3,781 2,471 1,970 1,399 1,328 1,277 1,243 1,243 899 837 676 632 620 620 520 519 AGRICULTURAL LABORERS FARMERS AND PLANTERS LABORERS STEAM RAILWAY EMMPLOYEES SERVANTS DRAYMEN,HACKMEN CARPENTERS AND JOINERS SAW AND PLANING MILL EMMPLOYEES MESSENGERS WOOD CHOPPERS BLACKSMITHS AND WHEELWRIGHTS CLERGYMEN MASONS BRICK-MAKERS AND MASONS BARBERS MERCHANTS PAINTERS,GLAZERS AND VARNISHERS BOOT AND SHOE MAKERS PROFESSORS AND TEACHERS LIVERY STABLE KEEPERS ENGINEERS GARDNERS AND FLORISTS
  31. 36.

    OCCUPATIONS OF NEGROES AND WHITES IN GEORGIA. NEGROES. WHITES. AGRICULTURE,

    FISHERIES AND MINING. MANUFACTURING AND MECHANICAL INSTRUSTRIES. DOMESTIC AND PERSONAL SERVICE. PROFESSIONS. TRADE AND TRANSPORTATION. 69% 28% 5% 4.5% 0.8% 64% 5.5% 12.5% 13% 4%
  32. 37.

    CONDITION OF 300 NEGRO FARM TENANTS AFTER 1 YEAR'S TOIL,

    1898. BANKRUPT 3 IN DEBT 168 CLEARED NOTHING 53 CLEARED LESS THAN $10 27 CLEARED $10-25 15 CLEARED $25-50 13 CLEARED $50 OR MORE 13 121
  33. 38.

    INCOME AND EXPENDITURE OF 150 NEGRO FAMILIES IN ATLANTA, GA.,U.S.A.

    ANNUAL EXPENDITURE FOR ANNUAL INCOME RENT FOOD CLOTHES DIRECT TAXES OTHER EXPENSES AND SAVINGS DIETARY OF WELL-TO-DO NEGRO FAMILY FROM BULLETIN U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE NO. 71 THE STATE TAX RATE IS: 1880 - $3.50 PER 1,000 1885 - $3.50 " " 1890 - $3.96 " " 1895 - $4.56 " " 1899 - $5.38 " " STATE AND COUNTY TAXES RAISE THIS TO $21 PER $1,000 IN ATLANTA THE HIGHER LIFE. RELIGION. ART. EDUCATION SICKNESS SAVINGS AMUSEMENTS BOOKS AND PAPERS. TRAVEL 19.0% 43.0% 28.0% 0.1% 9.9% 22.0% 47.0% 23.0% 4.0% 4.0% 23.0% 43.0% 18.0% 4.5% 11.5% 18.0% 37.0% 15.0% 5.5% 24.5% 13.0% 31.0% 17.0% 5.0% 34.0% 37.0% 19.0% 8.0% 36.0% 29.0% 16.0% 4.5% 50.5% CLASS ACTUAL AVG. $100-200 $200-300 $300-400 $400-500 $500-750 $750-1000 1,000 AND OVER POOR FAIR COMFORTABLE WELL-TO-DO $139.10 $249.45 $335.86 $433.82 $547 $880 $1125
  34. 39.

    A SERIES OF STATISTICAL CHARTS, ILLUSTRA- TING THE CONDITIONS OF

    THE DESCENDANTS OF FOR- MER AFRICAN SLAVES NOW RESIDENT IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. UNE SÉRIE DE CARTES ET DIAGRAMMES STATISTIQUES MONTRANT LA CONDITION PRÉSENTE DES DESCENDANTS DES ANCIENS ESCLAVES AFRI- CAINS ACTEULLMENT ÉTABLIS DANS LES ETATS UNIS D'AMÉRIQUE. TEACHERS PROFESSEURS ET INSTITUTEURS MINISTERS MINISTRES DE L'EVANGLE GOVERNMENT SERVICE EMPLOYÉS DU GOUVERNEMENT BUSINESS MARCHANDS OTHER PROFESSIONS MEDICINS, ADVOCATS, ÉTUDIANTS HOUSE WIVES MÈRES DE FAMILLE 58.5% 28.1% 3.8% 3.2% 2.1% 4.3% THE UNIVERSITY HAS 20 PROFESSORS AND INSTRUTORS AND 250 STUDENTS AT PRESENT. IT HAS FIVE BUILDING, 60 ACRES OF CAMPUS AND A LIBRARY OF 11,000 VOLUMES. IT AIMS TO RAISE AND CIVILIZE THE SONS OF THE FREEDMEN BY TRAINING THEIR MORE CAPABLE MEMBERS IN THE LIBER- AL ARTS ACCORDING TO THE BEST STANDARDS OF THE DAY. THE PROPER ACCOMPLISHMENT OF THIS WORK DEMANDS AN ENDOWMENT FUND OF $500,000. L'UNIVERSITÉ A ACTUELLEMENT 20 PROFESSEURS ET INSTRUCTEURS ET 250 ÉTUDIANTS ELLE EST COMPOSEE DE CINC BÂTIMENTS, 60 ACRES (ENVIRON 26 HECTARES) DE TERRAIN SERVANT DE COUR ET DE CHAMP DE RÉCREATION, ET D'UNE BIBLIOTHÈQUE CONTENANT 11,000 VOLUMES. SON BUT EST D'ÉLEVER ET DE CIVILISER LES FILS DES NEGRES AFFRANCHS EN DONNANT AUX MEUX DOUES UNE ÉDUCATION DANS LES ARTS LIBÉRAUX EN ACCORD AVEC LES IDÉES LES PLUS PROGRESS - SISTES DE L'EPOQUE. L'ACCOMPLISSEMENT DE CETTE OEUVRE DEMANDE UNE DOTATION DE $500,000 (2,500,000 FRANCS) PREPARED AND EXECUTED BY NEGRO STUDENTS UNDER THE DIRECTION OF ATLANTA UNIVERSITY ATLANTA, GA. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA PREPARE ET EXECUTE PAR NÈGRES ÉTUDIANTS SOUS LA DIRECTION DE L’UNIVERSITÉ ATLANTA D'ATLANTA ETAT DE GEORGIA ETATS UNIS D'AMERIQUE THE UNIVERSITY WAS FOUNDED IN 1867. IT HAS INSTRUCTED 6000 NEGRO STUDENTS L'UNIVERSITÉ A ÉTÉ FONDÉE EN 1867. LA DONNÉ l'INSTRUCTION A'6000 ÉTUDIANTS NÈGRES IT HAS GRADUATED 330 NEGROES AMONG WHOM ARE: ELLE A D'ÉLIVRE DES DIPLOMES A 330 NÈGRES DONT :
  35. 40.

    DISTRIBUTION OF NEGROES IN THE UNITED STATES. DISTRIBUTION DES NÈGRES

    DAN LES ETATS UNIS. LESS THAN 1 1-4 4-8 8-15 15-20 NEGROES TO THE SQUARE MILE
  36. 41.

    Increase of the Negro population in the United States of

    America Accroissement de la population Negre aux États-Unis d'Amérique 1750 - 220,000 1760 - 310,000 1770 - 462,000 1780 - 562,000 1790 - 757,208 1800 - 1,002,037 1810 - 1,377,808 1820 - 1,771,656 1830 - 2,328,642 1840 - 2,873,648 1850 - 3,638,808 1860 - 4,441,830 1870 - 4,880,009 1880 - 6,580,793 1890 - 7,470,040
  37. 42.

    Comparative rate of increase of the White and Negro elements

    population of the United States Accroissement proportionnel des elements blancs et noirs aus Etats Unis Done by Atlanta University 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 1790 1800 1810 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890 MILLIONS EMANCIPATION EUROPEAN IMMIGRATION SUPPRESSION OF SLAVE TRADE WHITE — BLANCHE — BLACK — NOIRE — SMALL FIGURES = PERCENTAGE OF INCREASE PER DECADE LES PETITE CHIFFRES INDIQUENT L'ACCROISSEMENT PROPORTIONAL PAR DIX ANS 32.3 37.5 28.6 31.4 23.4 26.6 22.0 10.0 35.0 27.0 35.8 36.1 34.1 34.0 34.7 37.7 37.7 24.7 29.2 26.7
  38. 43.

    NEGRO POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES COMPARED WITH THE TOTAL

    POPULATION OF OTHER COUNTRIES. POPULATION NÈGRE DES ETATS UNIS COMPAREÉ À LA POPULATION TOTALE DES AUTRES PAYS. NORVÈGE 2,000,917 SUÈDE 4,774,409 ESPAÑA 17,500,000 AUSTRALIA 3,036,570 NEDERLANDEN 4,500,000 LA BELGIQUE 6,000,000 SUISSE 2,900,000 NEGRO POPULATION POPULATION NOIRE 7,500,000 HONGRIE 17,500,000 BAYERN 5,800,000 ENGLAND 27,500,000
  39. 44.

    PROPORTION OF NEGROES IN THE TOTAL POPULATION OF THE UNITED

    STATES. RAPPORT DES NÈGRE À LA POPULATION TOTALE DES ETATS UNIS. 1800 ONE-FIFTH 1830 ONE-SIXTH 1860 ONE-SEVENTH 1890 ONE-EIGHTH
  40. 45.

    Occupations in which American Negroes are engaged. Occupations et industries

    des Nègres Americains. Done by Atlanta University. BOTH SEXES. HOMMES ET FEMMES. MALES. HOMMES. FEMALES. FEMMES. AGRICULTURE MINING AND FISHING. PROFESSIONS DOMESTIC AND PERSONAL SERVICE COMMERCE AND TRANSPORTATION MANUFACTURING AND MECHANICAL INDUSTRIES AGRICULTURE, PÊCHE ET MINES SERVICE DOMESTIQUE ET PERSONNEL COMMERCE ET TRANSPORT INDUSTRIES MANUFACTURIÈRES ET MÉCANIQUES
  41. 46.

    Proportion of Whites and Negroes in the different classes occupation

    in the United States Proportion des blancs et des Nègres dans les diverses especes d' occupations en Amerique Done by Atlanta University ALL OCCUPATIONS DOMESTIC AND PERSONAL SERVICE TRADE AND TRANSPORTATION AGRICULTURE M ANUFACTURING AND MECHANICAL INDUSTRIES PROFESSIONS
  42. 47.

    Occupations in which 10,000 or more American Negroes are engaged.

    Emplois occupant au mois 10,000 Nègres Americains Done by Atlanta University 1,106,728 10,500 Agricultural laborers Farmers Servants Laborers Launders and landresses Railroad employees Draymen, etc. Carpenters Barbers Sawmill employees Porters Teachers Tobacco factory operatives Clergymen Other agricultural pursuits Seamstresses Blacksmiths Brickmakers, etc. Hostlers
  43. 48.

    Number of Negro teachers in the Public Schools of the

    United States Nombre d' institueurs et de professuers Nègres dans les écoles publiques des Etats Unis Done by Atlanta University 1886 1889 1892 1895
  44. 49.

    Illiteracy of the American Negroes compared with that of other

    nations. Proportion d' illettrés les Nègres Americains comparée à celle des autres nations. Done by Atlanta University. Romanie Servie Russie Negroes, U.S.A Hongrie Italie Autriche Ireland France Suéde
  45. 50.

    Enrollment in the Negro common school of the former slave

    States. of the United States Inscriptions dans les écoles primaires des anciens états esclaves des Etats Unis. Done by Atlanta Universty. 1876 - 7 - 571,506 1880 - 1 - 802,374 1885 - 6 - 1,048,659 1890 - 1,329,549 1895 6 - 1,429,713
  46. 51.

    PROPORTION OF TOTAL NEGRO CHILDREN OF SCHOOL AGE WHO ARE

    ENROLLED IN THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS. PROPORTION DE ENFANTS NÈGRES D'ÂGE ÉCOLES ENREGISTRÉS DANS LES ÉCOLES PUBLIQUES. DONE BY ALTANTA UNIVERSITY. 1876 37.59% 1886 56.66% 1896 57.29% PROPORTION OF CHILDREN ENROLLED PROPORTION D'ENFANTS ENREGISTRÉS PROPORTION OF CHILDREN NOT ENROLLED PROPORTION D'ENFANTS NON ENREGISTRÉS
  47. 52.

    THE RISE OF THE NEGROES FROM SLAVERY TO FREEDOM IN

    ONE GENERATION PROGRÈS GRADUEL DES NEGROES DE L'ESCLAVAGE À LA LIBERTÉ EN UNE GÉNÉRATION 1860 89% SLAVES ESCLAVES 11% FREE LABORERS OUVRIERS LIBRES 1890 19% PEASANT PROPRIETORS PAYSANS PROPRIÉTAIRES 81% TENANTS METAYERS IN 1890 NEARLY ONE FIFTH OF THEM OWNED THEIR OWN HOMES AND FARMS. THIS ADVANCE WAS ACCOMPLISHED ENTIRELY WITHOUT STATE AID, AND IN THE FACE OF PROSCRIPTIVE LAWS. EN 1890, ENVIRON UN CINQUIÈME ÉTAIENT PROPRIÉTAIRES DE LEURS HABITATIONS ET DE LEURS FERMES. CE PROGRÈS C'EST ACCOMPLI SANS SECOURS AUCUN DE D'ÉTAT ET FN PRÉSENCE LOIS DÉFAVORABLES. IN 1860 NEARLY 90% OF THE BLACKS WERE SLAVES. EN 1860 ENVIRON 90% DES NÈGRES ÉTAIENT ESCLAVES.
  48. 53.

    PROPORTION OF FREEMEN AND SLAVES AMONG AMERICAN NEGROES. PROPORTION DES

    NÈGRES LIBRES ET DES ESCLAVES EN AMÉRIQUE. DONE BY ATLANTA UNIVERSITY. 1790 1800 1810 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 8% 11% 13.5% 13% 14% 13% 12% 11% 100% FREE - LIBRE SLAVES ESCLAVES
  49. 54.

    CITY AND RURAL POPULATION AMONG AMERICAN NEGROES IN THE FORMER

    SLAVE STATES POPULATION DES NÈGRES HABITANT LES VILLES ET DE CEUX HABITANT LES COMPAGNES DANS LES ANCIENS ETATS ESCLAVES PROPORTION LIVING IN CITIES OF 8,000 INHABITANTS OR MORE PROPORTION DANS LES VILLES DE 8,000 HABITANTS DU PLUS PROPORTION LIVING IN VILLAGES OR COUNTRY DISTRICTS PROPORTION DANS LES VILLAGES ET LES COMPAGES 1860 4.2% 95.8% 1870 8.5% 91.5% 1880 8.4% 91.6% 1890 12% 88%
  50. 55.

    Conjugal condition of American Negroes according to age periods. Condition

    conjugale des Nègres Americains au point del vue le l'age AGES OVER 65 AGES OVER 65 MALES. FEMALES. SINGLE SINGLE MARRIED MARRIED WIDOWED WIDOWED 0 - 15 0 - 15 15 - 20 15 - 20 20 - 25 20 - 25 25 - 30 25 - 30 30 - 35 30 - 35 35 - 40 35 - 40 45 - 50 45 - 50 50 - 55 50 - 55 55 - 60 55 - 60 PER CENTS. 100 100 90 90 80 80 70 70 60 60 50 50 40 40 30 30 20 20 10 10
  51. 56.

    Amalgamation of the White and Black elements of the population

    in the United States Amalgamation des elements blancs et noirs parmi la population Americaine Done by Atlanta University 1890 1860 1840 1800 85% 15% 6,337,980 1,113,063 NEGROES MULATTOES MULÂTRES WHITES 90% 10% 3,542,147 411,613
  52. 57.

    Proprietes contribuables des Nègres dans trois Etats des Etats Unis

    Done by Atlanta University VIRGINIA 1895 $ 13,933,998 TOTAL $ 34,893,684 OR 180,796,290 FRANCS. NORTH CAROLINA 1891 $ 8,018,446 GEORGIA 1895 $ 12,941,230
  53. 58.

    Negro landowners in various States of the United States. Proprietaires

    foncier Nègres dans plusieurs Etats. OWNERS TENANTS Virginia 27% South Carolina 18% Texas 22% North Carolina 19% Georgia 12% Mississippi 13% Tennesse 20% Louisiana 12% Arkansas 21%
  54. 59.

    Negro business men in the United States Nègres Americains dans

    les affairs Estimated capital $ 8,784,637 45,516,254 FRANCS General merchandise stores Grocers Bankers Undertakers Building contractors Druggists Publishers Building and loan associations
  55. 60.

    Pauperism among American Negroes. Pauperisme parmi les Nègres Americains Done

    by Atlanta University PROPORTION OF ALMSHOUSE PAUPERS IN EVERY 100,000 NEGROES. 100,000 86 PAUPERS MALE FEMALE
  56. 61.

    Mortality of American Negroes. Mortalité parmi les Nègres Américains. 32.40

    Per M US 32.68 Per M US Cities 48.48 Per M 5th WARD Slum 30.54 Per M 7th WARD Mixed Class 21.74 Per M 30th WARD Better Class UNITED STATES PHILADELPHIA
  57. 62.

    Crime among American Negroes. Criminalitè parmi les Nègres Americains Done

    by Atlanta University 3250 PRISONERS PER MILLION OF NEGRO POPULATION; CRIMES DIVIDED AS FOLLOWS: CRIMES AGAINST GOVERNMENT SOCIETY PERSONS PROPERTY MISCELLANEOUS
  58. 63.

    American Negro newspapers and periodicals Journaux et publications périodiques Nègres

    aux Etats Unis. MAGAZINES DAILY SCHOOL PAPERS PAPERS GRAND TOTAL 153 WEEKLY PAPERS TOTAL 136 11 3 3
  59. 64.

    Religion of American Negroes Religion des Nègres Americains Done by

    Atlanta University Catholics Protestants Protestant Sects: Baptists Methodists Presbyterians Congregationalists Miscellaneous
  60. 65.

    Statistics of Negro Church Organizations Statistiques des oranisations religieuses les

    Nègres Done by Atlanta University Number of Organizations 23,462 Number of Church Offices 23,770 Value of Church property $ 26,626,448 OR 137,960,860 FRANCS. Number of Commuicants 2,673,977
  61. 66.

    THE DECREASE OF ILLITERACY AMONG THE BLACK FREEDMEN OF THE

    UNITED STATES DECROISSEMENT DES ILLETTRES PARMI LES NEGRES AFFRANCHIS DANS LES ETATS UNIS DONE BY ATLANTA UNIVERSITY 1860 1870 1880 1890 90% 81% 70% 56% ILLITERATE READ AND WRITE SACHANT LIRE ET ECRIRE