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The Citus Data Scale Out Story | PostgresOpen SV 2018 | Ozgun Erdogan, Marco Slot

024d6a0dd14fb31c804969a57a06dfbe?s=47 Citus Data
September 06, 2018

The Citus Data Scale Out Story | PostgresOpen SV 2018 | Ozgun Erdogan, Marco Slot

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Citus Data

September 06, 2018
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  1. PostgresOpen SV 2018 Keynote | Ozgun Erdogan & Marco Slot

    | Citus Data The Citus Data Scale Out Story Ozgun Erdogan & Marco Slot PostgresOpen SV | Sep 06, 2018 | San Francisco
  2. PostgresOpen SV 2018 Keynote | Ozgun Erdogan & Marco Slot

    | Citus Data 2 The story before the story… Citus Data Co-Founders, Left to Right Ozgun Erdogan, Sumedh Pathak, Umur Cubukcu Photo credit: Willy Johnson 2017
  3. PostgresOpen SV 2018 Keynote | Ozgun Erdogan & Marco Slot

    | Citus Data Our early days at Amazon spent working on distributed systems 3
  4. PostgresOpen SV 2018 Keynote | Ozgun Erdogan & Marco Slot

    | Citus Data Each service needs to elastically scale Scaling compute is easy Scaling data is hard NoSQL ?
  5. PostgresOpen SV 2018 Keynote | Ozgun Erdogan & Marco Slot

    | Citus Data Hidden costs of NoSQL What if a relational database could scale out ? TRANSACTIONS JOINS DATABASE CONSTRAINTS Re-architect application (more code) to provide missing database functionality
  6. PostgresOpen SV 2018 Keynote | Ozgun Erdogan & Marco Slot

    | Citus Data What better way to scale a relational database than to extend the world’s best database?
  7. PostgresOpen SV 2018 Keynote | Ozgun Erdogan & Marco Slot

    | Citus Data 7 Citus Scales Out PostgreSQL COORDINATOR NODE Table metadata SELECT FROM table_1001 SELECT FROM table_1003 SELECT FROM table_1002 SELECT FROM table_1004 WORKER NODE 1 Table_1001 Table_1003 WORKER NODE 2 Table_1002 Table_1004 WORKER NODE ‘N’ Each node PostgreSQL instance with Citus installed Replication not shown in diagram • • • • • • SELECT create_distributed_table(‘table’, ‘device_id’);
  8. PostgresOpen SV 2018 Keynote | Ozgun Erdogan & Marco Slot

    | Citus Data Reasons to love Citus—let’s count the ways 8
  9. PostgresOpen SV 2018 Keynote | Ozgun Erdogan & Marco Slot

    | Citus Data 9 Easy to scale out a Citus database cluster
  10. PostgresOpen SV 2018 Keynote | Ozgun Erdogan & Marco Slot

    | Citus Data • Citus parallelizes query across cluster of machines. • Citus comes with 3 distributed executors. Query Parallelization
  11. PostgresOpen SV 2018 Keynote | Ozgun Erdogan & Marco Slot

    | Citus Data • Distributed transactions could lead to distributed deadlocks. • To avoid deadlocks, we introduced a distributed deadlock detector. Distributed transactions in Citus
  12. PostgresOpen SV 2018 Keynote | Ozgun Erdogan & Marco Slot

    | Citus Data One important gap remains
  13. PostgresOpen SV 2018 Keynote | Ozgun Erdogan & Marco Slot

    | Citus Data 13 Citus Architecture COORDINATOR NODE Table metadata SELECT FROM table_1001 SELECT FROM table_1003 SELECT FROM table_1002 SELECT FROM table_1004 WORKER NODE 1 Table_1001 Table_1003 WORKER NODE 2 Table_1002 Table_1004 WORKER NODE ‘N’ Each node PostgreSQL instance with Citus installed Replication not shown in diagram • • • • • • SELECT create_distributed_table(‘table’, ‘device_id’);
  14. PostgresOpen SV 2018 Keynote | Ozgun Erdogan & Marco Slot

    | Citus Data 1.High write throughput 2.Query planning times for large deployments 3.High Availability (HA) for each node What if you could talk to any node?
  15. PostgresOpen SV 2018 Keynote | Ozgun Erdogan & Marco Slot

    | Citus Data • Citus coordinator routes queries to worker nodes. • For workloads that require high write throughput (10B+ writes per day), coordinator could become a bottleneck. High Write Throughput
  16. PostgresOpen SV 2018 Keynote | Ozgun Erdogan & Marco Slot

    | Citus Data • The coordinator plans analytical queries for distributed execution. Query Planning in Large Deployments >650K ½-1 shards seconds concurrency L
  17. PostgresOpen SV 2018 Keynote | Ozgun Erdogan & Marco Slot

    | Citus Data • When coordinator fails, your cluster can become unavailable up to 1 minute. That’s a long time. • When any node can coordinate, you get higher availability for on a per-shard basis. High Availability (HA) for each shard
  18. PostgresOpen SV 2018 Keynote | Ozgun Erdogan & Marco Slot

    | Citus Data • What if better HA were possible? • What if higher write throughput were possible? • What would such a solution’s performance look like? What if we had such a solution?
  19. PostgresOpen SV 2018 Keynote | Ozgun Erdogan & Marco Slot

    | Citus Data 0 50,000 100,000 150,000 200,000 250,000 4 8 12 # nodes 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 4 8 12 # nodes Transaction performance (TPS) Queries per hour (QPH) 19 Performance for prominent service today Transaction (OLTP) speed Analytics (OLAP) speed Prominent Postgres service Prominent Postgres service
  20. PostgresOpen SV 2018 Keynote | Ozgun Erdogan & Marco Slot

    | Citus Data 0 50,000 100,000 150,000 200,000 250,000 4 8 12 Transaction (OLTP) speed # nodes 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 4 8 12 # nodes Analytics (OLAP) speed Queries per hour (QPH) 5x faster 70x faster Citus Prominent Postgres service 20 Higher Performance with Citus MX Citus Prominent Postgres service Transaction performance (TPS)
  21. PostgresOpen SV 2018 Keynote | Ozgun Erdogan & Marco Slot

    | Citus Data Introducing Citus MX
  22. PostgresOpen SV 2018 Keynote | Ozgun Erdogan & Marco Slot

    | Citus Data Thank You. ozgun@citusdata.com marco@citusdata.com @citusdata Ozgun Erdogan, CTO & Co-Founder Marco Slot, Principal Engineer www.citusdata.com
  23. PostgresOpen SV 2018 Keynote | Ozgun Erdogan & Marco Slot

    | Citus Data What if super HA were possible? What if high write throughput were possible?