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What's open about open pedagogy?

What's open about open pedagogy?

Slides for a talk I gave at Douglas College in the Vancouver, BC (Canada) area, during open access week 2017. You can download the slides as power point on my blog.

The slides talk about what "open pedagogy" might be, showing how some people have defined it and then coming up with a list of six categories of things that are common to more than one definition of open pedagogy. They then ask what it is that these definitions share that relates to openness: what's "open" about open pedagogy?

OER
OEP
openpedagogy
open educational practices

Christina Hendricks

October 26, 2017
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  1. What’s Open
    About Open
    Pedagogy?
    Photo by Giga Khurtsilava on Unsplash
    Christina Hendricks
    Deputy Academic Director, CTLT
    University of British Columbia,
    Vancouver
    October 26, 2017
    These slides licensed CC BY 4.0

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  2. Slides, in case you want to
    follow along
    https://is.gd/hendricks_openpedagogy_oct2017

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  3. From Open Content to Open
    Educational Practices & Open
    Pedagogy
    Some of my recent journey to this topic …

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  4. Open Education Conference 2015
    See these slides on
    Google Slides

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  5. Too much on textbooks?
    “I don’t actually care about textbook costs. I care
    about access, broadly conceived: access to ideas,
    access to pathways to contribute to knowledge
    … Fundamentally, I don’t want to be part of a
    movement that is focused on replacing static, over-
    priced textbooks with static, free textbooks.”
    -- Robin DeRosa

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  6. OEP & Open Ped, #OpenEd17

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  7. Open Edu Practices sessions popular

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  8. Year of Open
    https://www.yearofopen.org/
    Year of Open logo licensed CC BY 4.0

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  9. Tried to pull together threads of many
    different views of open pedagogy in
    this blog post

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  10. Why try to define open
    pedagogy?

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  11. “I think the locking down of open is
    dangerous. I think it draws lines where they
    need not be, and it reconsolidates power for
    those who define it.”
    -- Jim Groom, “I don’t need permission to be open”
    (April 2017)

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  12. Value of some clarity on definitions

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  13. “I’m convinced that the terms “open
    pedagogy” and “open educational practices”
    are understood so differently by so many
    people that there is literally no hope of
    achieving a useful consensus about the
    meaning of either of these terms. …[T]he
    absence of a shared understanding of these
    terms removes any utility I previously hoped they
    had.”
    -- Wiley, “OER-enabled pedagogy,” May 2017

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  14. Open Educational Practices
    (OEP)
    See my Oct. 2017 blog post

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  15. Open
    Educational
    Practices
    Open
    Pedagogy
    Includes “the creation,
    use, and reuse of open
    educational resources
    (OER) as well as open
    pedagogies and open
    sharing of teaching
    practices.”
    -- Cronin (2017), p. 16

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  16. Some Open Edu Practices
    • Use, revision & creation of OER; encouraging others to
    do so
    • Open reflection on & sharing of teaching ideas,
    practices, process
    • Open learning
    • Open scholarship
    -- Open Practices Briefing
    Paper (Beetham et al., 2012)
    Open access logo from PLoS, licensed CC BY-SA 3.0
    on Wikimedia Commons

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  17. Open pedagogy: what?

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  18. “… a grounded theory approach to the open
    definition …. we build up a definition based more
    on what is happening in practice, rather than pre-
    conceived theory about open. … [T]he conclusion
    would be to focus on openness in practice, what
    that looks like, how to do it well, and its benefits ….”
    -- Matthew Smith, ROER4D newsletter, Feb-March 2016

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  19. What are some examples
    of things you would call
    “open pedagogy”?
    http://pollev.com/christinahen284

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  20. “Non-Disposable” Assignments
    David Wiley on disposable
    assignments (2013):
    “… assignments that add no
    value to the world – after a
    student spends three hours
    creating it, a teacher spends 30
    minutes grading it, and then the
    student throws it away.”
    Images licensed CC0 on pixabay.com: ttrash can and symbol for no

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  21. Wiki Education Foundation
    Brochure covers
    licensed CC BY-SA,
    available from
    WikiEdu

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  22. Students & Open Textbooks
    Cover licensed CC BY 4.0; see book here
    Jacobs 1 house by Frank Lloyd Wright; image by James Steakley
    on Wikimedia Commons, licensed CC BY-SA 4.0

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  23. Students Contributing to Other OER
    Game and explanation, from Uni of Kansas http://cases.open.ubc.ca

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  24. Students Contributing to Curriculum
    • Creating assignments: DS106 assignment bank
    • Creating quiz & exam questions: Social Psychology
    with Rajiv Jhangiani
    • Determining what to read and write about: Maha
    Bali’s “Content Independent Teaching”
    • Students creating learning outcomes, assignments,
    grading policies: Robin DeRosa’s First Year Seminar

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  25. Shared aspects of open pedagogy
    Students
    producing OER,
    public knowledge;
    non-disposable
    assignments
    Student choice,
    agency,
    autonomy; e.g., as
    co-creators of
    curricula
    Connecting to
    wider networks
    in teaching &
    learning
    Open-ended
    problems;
    value creativity
    & change
    Increasing
    access:
    financial and
    other
    Transparency in
    teaching &
    learning, fostering
    trust
    Equity & social
    justice in teaching
    & learning
    See these two blog posts: May 2017, Oct 2017

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  26. A detour into the past…

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  27. Open Edu in 1960s and 70s
    Flexibility in
    space & time,
    curricula
    Student choice,
    autonomy;
    sharing authority
    Individualized
    instruction; teacher
    as facilitator

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  28. Definition difficulties
    Lilian G. Katz (1972) on resistance
    to defining “open education”:
    “The resistance stems from fear of
    the development of orthodoxies,
    doctrines and rigidities. … [There is]
    a common assertion that
    specificity must necessarily, in and
    of itself, betray the spirit of
    openness and informality.”

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  29. What’s open about open
    pedagogy?

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  30. What’s open about these?
    Students
    producing OER,
    public knowledge;
    non-disposable
    assignments
    Student choice,
    agency,
    autonomy; e.g., as
    co-creators of
    curricula
    Connecting to
    wider networks
    in teaching &
    learning
    Open-ended
    problems;
    value creativity
    & change
    Increasing
    access:
    financial and
    other
    Transparency in
    teaching &
    learning, fostering
    trust
    Equity & social
    justice in teaching
    & learning
    http://pollev.com/christinahen284

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  31. Breaking down walls?
    Hole in the Wall, by Dave Walker on Flickr, licensed CC BY-SA 2.0

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  32. Removing barriers…
    • That block visibility: transparency
    • That bind us in particular answers & practices:
    promoting creativity, multiple approaches &
    pathways to learning
    • To education & content: access
    • To student choice: autonomy
    • Between people, places & times
    • between students and teachers: shared authority
    • connecting to wider networks, contributing to public
    knowledge
    Social justice
    & equity

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  33. What does “open” add?
    Does it help to call such things “open” pedagogy?
    Self-directed Learning
    Student as Producer
    Connected Learning
    Students as Partners

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  34. Too broad?
    Brian V. Hill, “What’s Open About
    Open Education?” (1975):
    We suffer from “attempts to lump
    diverse trends together under the
    rubric of ‘open education’. Let us
    press for more specific and
    descriptive labels to identify the
    values, objectives or procedures
    that are being commended to us
    ….”

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  35. An excellent candidate for sloganizing is the word
    ‘open’. Immediately one uses it, the options polarize.
    To be open … is to be not closed, restricted,
    prejudiced or clogged; but free, candid, generous,
    above board, mentally flexible, future-oriented, etc.
    The opposite [sic] does not bear thinking about, and
    there can be no third alternative. ‘Open’ is yum.
    -- Hill, 1975

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  36. Is open more than yum?
    in open pedagogy

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  37. Would love to hear
    questions!

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  38. Thank you!
    Christina Hendricks
    Professor of Teaching, Philosophy
    Deputy Academic Director, Centre for Teaching, Learning
    & Technology, UBC-Vancouver
    • Blog: http://blogs.ubc.ca/chendricks
    • Website: http://chendricks.org
    • Twitter: @clhendricksbc
    Slides: https://is.gd/hendricks_openpedagogy_oct2017

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