What's open about open pedagogy?

What's open about open pedagogy?

Slides for a talk I gave at Douglas College in the Vancouver, BC (Canada) area, during open access week 2017. You can download the slides as power point on my blog.

The slides talk about what "open pedagogy" might be, showing how some people have defined it and then coming up with a list of six categories of things that are common to more than one definition of open pedagogy. They then ask what it is that these definitions share that relates to openness: what's "open" about open pedagogy?

OER
OEP
openpedagogy
open educational practices

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Christina Hendricks

October 26, 2017
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Transcript

  1. What’s Open About Open Pedagogy? Photo by Giga Khurtsilava on

    Unsplash Christina Hendricks Deputy Academic Director, CTLT University of British Columbia, Vancouver October 26, 2017 These slides licensed CC BY 4.0
  2. Slides, in case you want to follow along https://is.gd/hendricks_openpedagogy_oct2017

  3. From Open Content to Open Educational Practices & Open Pedagogy

    Some of my recent journey to this topic …
  4. Open Education Conference 2015 See these slides on Google Slides

  5. Too much on textbooks? “I don’t actually care about textbook

    costs. I care about access, broadly conceived: access to ideas, access to pathways to contribute to knowledge … Fundamentally, I don’t want to be part of a movement that is focused on replacing static, over- priced textbooks with static, free textbooks.” -- Robin DeRosa
  6. OEP & Open Ped, #OpenEd17

  7. Open Edu Practices sessions popular

  8. Year of Open https://www.yearofopen.org/ Year of Open logo licensed CC

    BY 4.0
  9. Tried to pull together threads of many different views of

    open pedagogy in this blog post
  10. Why try to define open pedagogy?

  11. “I think the locking down of open is dangerous. I

    think it draws lines where they need not be, and it reconsolidates power for those who define it.” -- Jim Groom, “I don’t need permission to be open” (April 2017)
  12. Value of some clarity on definitions

  13. “I’m convinced that the terms “open pedagogy” and “open educational

    practices” are understood so differently by so many people that there is literally no hope of achieving a useful consensus about the meaning of either of these terms. …[T]he absence of a shared understanding of these terms removes any utility I previously hoped they had.” -- Wiley, “OER-enabled pedagogy,” May 2017
  14. Open Educational Practices (OEP) See my Oct. 2017 blog post

  15. Open Educational Practices Open Pedagogy Includes “the creation, use, and

    reuse of open educational resources (OER) as well as open pedagogies and open sharing of teaching practices.” -- Cronin (2017), p. 16
  16. Some Open Edu Practices • Use, revision & creation of

    OER; encouraging others to do so • Open reflection on & sharing of teaching ideas, practices, process • Open learning • Open scholarship -- Open Practices Briefing Paper (Beetham et al., 2012) Open access logo from PLoS, licensed CC BY-SA 3.0 on Wikimedia Commons
  17. Open pedagogy: what?

  18. “… a grounded theory approach to the open definition ….

    we build up a definition based more on what is happening in practice, rather than pre- conceived theory about open. … [T]he conclusion would be to focus on openness in practice, what that looks like, how to do it well, and its benefits ….” -- Matthew Smith, ROER4D newsletter, Feb-March 2016
  19. What are some examples of things you would call “open

    pedagogy”? http://pollev.com/christinahen284
  20. “Non-Disposable” Assignments David Wiley on disposable assignments (2013): “… assignments

    that add no value to the world – after a student spends three hours creating it, a teacher spends 30 minutes grading it, and then the student throws it away.” Images licensed CC0 on pixabay.com: ttrash can and symbol for no
  21. None
  22. Wiki Education Foundation Brochure covers licensed CC BY-SA, available from

    WikiEdu
  23. Students & Open Textbooks Cover licensed CC BY 4.0; see

    book here Jacobs 1 house by Frank Lloyd Wright; image by James Steakley on Wikimedia Commons, licensed CC BY-SA 4.0
  24. Students Contributing to Other OER Game and explanation, from Uni

    of Kansas http://cases.open.ubc.ca
  25. Students Contributing to Curriculum • Creating assignments: DS106 assignment bank

    • Creating quiz & exam questions: Social Psychology with Rajiv Jhangiani • Determining what to read and write about: Maha Bali’s “Content Independent Teaching” • Students creating learning outcomes, assignments, grading policies: Robin DeRosa’s First Year Seminar
  26. Shared aspects of open pedagogy Students producing OER, public knowledge;

    non-disposable assignments Student choice, agency, autonomy; e.g., as co-creators of curricula Connecting to wider networks in teaching & learning Open-ended problems; value creativity & change Increasing access: financial and other Transparency in teaching & learning, fostering trust Equity & social justice in teaching & learning See these two blog posts: May 2017, Oct 2017
  27. A detour into the past…

  28. Open Edu in 1960s and 70s Flexibility in space &

    time, curricula Student choice, autonomy; sharing authority Individualized instruction; teacher as facilitator
  29. Definition difficulties Lilian G. Katz (1972) on resistance to defining

    “open education”: “The resistance stems from fear of the development of orthodoxies, doctrines and rigidities. … [There is] a common assertion that specificity must necessarily, in and of itself, betray the spirit of openness and informality.”
  30. What’s open about open pedagogy?

  31. What’s open about these? Students producing OER, public knowledge; non-disposable

    assignments Student choice, agency, autonomy; e.g., as co-creators of curricula Connecting to wider networks in teaching & learning Open-ended problems; value creativity & change Increasing access: financial and other Transparency in teaching & learning, fostering trust Equity & social justice in teaching & learning http://pollev.com/christinahen284
  32. Breaking down walls? Hole in the Wall, by Dave Walker

    on Flickr, licensed CC BY-SA 2.0
  33. Removing barriers… • That block visibility: transparency • That bind

    us in particular answers & practices: promoting creativity, multiple approaches & pathways to learning • To education & content: access • To student choice: autonomy • Between people, places & times • between students and teachers: shared authority • connecting to wider networks, contributing to public knowledge Social justice & equity
  34. What does “open” add? Does it help to call such

    things “open” pedagogy? Self-directed Learning Student as Producer Connected Learning Students as Partners
  35. Too broad? Brian V. Hill, “What’s Open About Open Education?”

    (1975): We suffer from “attempts to lump diverse trends together under the rubric of ‘open education’. Let us press for more specific and descriptive labels to identify the values, objectives or procedures that are being commended to us ….”
  36. An excellent candidate for sloganizing is the word ‘open’. Immediately

    one uses it, the options polarize. To be open … is to be not closed, restricted, prejudiced or clogged; but free, candid, generous, above board, mentally flexible, future-oriented, etc. The opposite [sic] does not bear thinking about, and there can be no third alternative. ‘Open’ is yum. -- Hill, 1975
  37. Is open more than yum? in open pedagogy

  38. Would love to hear questions!

  39. Thank you! Christina Hendricks Professor of Teaching, Philosophy Deputy Academic

    Director, Centre for Teaching, Learning & Technology, UBC-Vancouver • Blog: http://blogs.ubc.ca/chendricks • Website: http://chendricks.org • Twitter: @clhendricksbc Slides: https://is.gd/hendricks_openpedagogy_oct2017