incoherent – we can’t claim to deny all knowledge without claiming to know something. ! Appeals to tolerance or the right to have an opinion are appeals to moral universals. ! We all belong to many groups that make conﬂicting moral demands on us.
dead. ! Protect the group. ! Distinguish justiﬁed from unjustiﬁed homicide. ! Distribute of beneﬁts and burdens according to rules. How we implement these values is subject to debate, evaluation and revision.