AAG2018_DisasterCulture

 AAG2018_DisasterCulture

* The Engagement and Development of Disaster Prevention Application through Open Data and Civic Tech Movements
* AAG Annual Meeting 2018

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Toshikazu SETO

April 11, 2018
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  1. 2018/04/11 AAG Annual Meeting 2018 @ New Orleans 1 The

    Engagement and Development of Disaster Prevention Application through Open Data and Civic Tech Movements Toshikazu Seto, PhD Project Lecturer Center for Spatial Information Science, the University of Tokyo
  2. 2018/04/11 AAG Annual Meeting 2018 @ New Orleans 2 0

    6 1 0 2 5 2 5 0 ro S yE t E dv S W y E RRR t ogv ro o y y­− E y o E ydd ro o ro S SRRR oS y E y rt o t o ovg E S W t o l y rt v ro E y vE dv RRR t ov S TWRR S TTWR S RR WW RR WWR S TS R W R CC y o y ovg EM oNM dt e roNM roNM t t e v roN o M N y ET o S y Iv ETRRR o T d pro t d rt E ۽ຊ஍਒ɿࢦఆ֎ආ೉ॴʹ̏ສ̒̌̌̌ਓɹຊ਒ཌ೔ IUUQNBJOJDIJKQBSUJDMFTLF Sources: Mainichi Shinbun Evacuation to informal evacuation centers included 36,000 people 2016.04. Kumamoto earthquakes
  3. 2018/04/11 AAG Annual Meeting 2018 @ New Orleans 3 After

    the Earthquake… (2017.02) Ø One of the things that we learned from the earthquake disaster was the disclosure of designated emergency evacuation sites. Ø The need to widely open data was reconfirmed Designated Emergency Evacuation Sites Designated Shelter (school, community centers, etc.) http://www.gsi.go.jp/bousaichiri/hinanbasho.html
  4. 2018/04/11 AAG Annual Meeting 2018 @ New Orleans 27 Publishing

    Open Data on Designated Emergency Evacuation Sites by the Geospatial Information Authority of Japan (GSI) https://maps.gsi.go.jp/#10/32.992539/130.786057/&base=std&base_grayscale=1&ls=std%2C0.53%7Cskhb0 4&disp=11&lcd=skhb04&vs=c1j0h0k0l0u0t0z0r0s0f0&d=vl
  5. 2018/04/11 AAG Annual Meeting 2018 @ New Orleans 4 However…

    Ø For example, many of the tsunami flooded data (polygons) cannot be used as open data because only 27 prefectures are maintained. Ø Citizens are worried about harmful rumors, and examples of removing signs are beginning to appear in Shizuoka City. http://nlftp.mlit.go.jp/ksj/gml/datalist/KsjTmplt-A40.html http://www.at-s.com/news/article/social/shizuoka/bosai/472680.html Source: Shizuoka Newspaper Company
  6. 2018/04/11 AAG Annual Meeting 2018 @ New Orleans 5 Purpose

    • Focusing on the current situation of Disaster Prevention Applications (Disaster Apps) and future improvement • (1) Terms, (2)Trends of develop iOS app, (3) Citizen engagement activities using ICT Ø Consider the current situation of disaster prevention applications for smartphones Ø Focus on disaster prevention information by citizen engagement and participation Ø Further consider various approaches through Civic Tech
  7. 2018/04/11 AAG Annual Meeting 2018 @ New Orleans 6 Knight

    Foundation (2013): The Emergence of Civic Tech: Investments in a Growing Field 6
  8. 2018/04/11 AAG Annual Meeting 2018 @ New Orleans 7 Communications

    of the ACM, Vol. 59 No. 1, pp.82-89, 2016 Civic App Analysis by ICT Studies
  9. 2018/04/11 AAG Annual Meeting 2018 @ New Orleans 8 Top

    200 Rank (Download) iOS Disaster “” Apps Company 125 Indivisuals 53 Government 16 Association 6 ØiOS app developers need to pass under Apple’s review
  10. 2018/04/11 AAG Annual Meeting 2018 @ New Orleans 9 The

    Genre of iOS Disaster Apps Lifestyle 53 Weather 40 Navigation 31 Utilities 13 News 13 Education 11 Social Networking 8 Travel 5 Games 5 Entertainment 5 Others 16
  11. 2018/04/11 AAG Annual Meeting 2018 @ New Orleans 10 The

    Average of User Rating (Evaluation) of iOS Disaster Apps 0 10 20 30 40 50 Others Travel Games Entertainment Social Networking Education Utilities News Navigation Weather Lifestyle 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 5 NA Number of Apps
  12. 2018/04/11 AAG Annual Meeting 2018 @ New Orleans 11 Lifestyle

    Utilities Weather News
  13. 2018/04/11 AAG Annual Meeting 2018 @ New Orleans 12 The

    Release Year of the First Version 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 Number of Apps
  14. 2018/04/11 AAG Annual Meeting 2018 @ New Orleans 13 Top

    200 iOS Disaster App Trends • Many applications are made by private companies; the category of news and lifestyle are highly reliable. ØThe apps in this category concern mainly official information/message boards. ØOf the top-20 apps, only 4 apps use geographical information. (mainly evacuation place information) ØDevelopment will increase after 2012, with 45 apps published in 2014. • An increasing number of local governments publish their own apps. ØThere are no keywords for disaster prevention; some applications are integrated into other GIS data and become one function (cf. G-motty: http://www.g-motty.net/).
  15. 2018/04/11 AAG Annual Meeting 2018 @ New Orleans 14 Citizen-based

    (Civic Tech) Development for Disaster Apps Disaster4.0 Hackathon organized Cabinet Office Disaster Apps contest by GSI Disaster Apps Experience Workshop by Gensai.info & Code for Japan Urban Data Challenge: Civic Tech Competition by UTokyo https://www.gensaiinfo.com/blog/2016/1128/7822 http://www.cao.go.jp/minister/1608_y_matsumoto/photo/2017-004.html
  16. 2018/04/11 AAG Annual Meeting 2018 @ New Orleans 15 Disaster

    Prevention App Contest by Geospatial Information Authority of Japan since 2014 Approximately 20 works are submitted each year http://www.gsi.go.jp/kikaku/bousai-app.html
  17. 2018/04/11 AAG Annual Meeting 2018 @ New Orleans 16

  18. 2018/04/11 AAG Annual Meeting 2018 @ New Orleans 17 The

    Trends of Disaster App Category 2 2 4 2 3 10 8 4 1 1 3 2 4 6 2 3 13 7 7 1 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 Navigation Share Information Risk Communication Navigation Share Information Risk Communication Navigation Share Information Risk Communication Navigation Share Information Risk Communication 2017 2016 2015 2014 Web+Smartphone Smartphone Web only
  19. 2018/04/11 AAG Annual Meeting 2018 @ New Orleans 18 https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.yoshikawatetsuya.sadowarahazard

    Risk Communication
  20. 2018/04/11 AAG Annual Meeting 2018 @ New Orleans 19 Sadowara

    High School Disaster Info https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.yoshikawatetsuya.sadowarahazard
  21. 2018/04/11 AAG Annual Meeting 2018 @ New Orleans 20 Urban

    Data Challenge (UDC) : Regional Issue Solving Competition Using Spatial Open Data by University of Tokyo Since 2014 http://urbandata-challenge.jp/
  22. 2018/04/11 AAG Annual Meeting 2018 @ New Orleans 21 Trends

    in the Number of UDC Competition Entry Works Related to Disaster Prevention 16 3 9 20 44 8 26 56 66 22 28 57 60 31 24 73 4 1 0 3 10 3 4 7 10 1 3 11 9 4 2 5 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 Application Activity Data Idea Application Activity Data Idea Application Activity Data Idea Application Activity Data Idea 2014 2015 2016 2017 Normal Disaster Theme
  23. 2018/04/11 AAG Annual Meeting 2018 @ New Orleans 22 Gensai

    (Disaster mitigation) Quest ØDisaster prevention education gamification app ØUtilize spatial open data of Yokohama city and make an evacuation plan http://overdose.azurewebsites.net/2014kanazawa/
  24. 2018/04/11 AAG Annual Meeting 2018 @ New Orleans 23 VALON:

    Searching for the disaster response vending machine ØLocation search for a vendor machine of open data and street views of disaster response vending machines ØEnhanced navigation mode ػೳ ݕূ ݁࿦ എܠ ࡞඼֓ཁ ߏ੒ 18 ද JE SFTQPOTJCMF OBNF QPTUBMDPEF QMBDF MBUJUVEF MPOHJUVEF QJDUVSF FYQMBJO  ࡂ֐༻ϕϯμʔ՝ ࣗಈൢചػެԂ  ౦ژ౎ʓʓࢢ   WFOEFSUZQF DPOUFOUT *% ؅ཧԼ໊ ஍఺໊ ༣ศ൪߸ ॅॴ Ң౓ ܦ౓ ϕϯμʔઆ໌ը૾ ϕϯμʔઆ໌จ ஍఺໊ ৄࡉ ৄࡉ஍఺໊ Ң౓ɾܦ౓ ৄࡉ άʔάϧετϦʔτϏϡʔ දࣔ஍఺ Φʔϓϯσʔλͷར༻ ϕϯμʔઆ໌ը૾ ৄࡉ஍ ϕϯμʔ࢖༻ํ๏ આ໌ը૾ ϕϯμʔઆ໌จ ৄࡉ஍ ϕϯμʔ஍఺ ิ଍આ໌จ ஍఺໊ ৄࡉ஍ ϚʔΧʔ໊ Ң౓ɾܦ౓ ৄࡉ஍ ϚʔΧʔ ࠲ඪ http://labo.wtnv.jp/2018/02/valon.html
  25. 2018/04/11 AAG Annual Meeting 2018 @ New Orleans 24 Conclusion:

    Citizen-based (Civic Tech) Development for Disaster App Trends • Many applications are created from the user's perspective, and many of the spatial information is included. – Utilization for disaster education – Many applications related to earthquake and tsunami disasters • Open data related to disaster prevention have limitations, so the implemented functions are similar. – The bias of the theme tends to be larger than the application created by the company. However, there is also the possibility of responding to local issues. – The response to another type of disaster (cf. heavy snow: Code for Kanazawa) began with citizens making data and apps n The need for more data & disaster prevention literacy are important for the future…
  26. 2018/04/11 AAG Annual Meeting 2018 @ New Orleans 25 Thank

    you for your attention! tosseto@csis.u-tokyo.ac.jp http://researchmap.jp/tosseto This research was supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Numbers 17H00839, 17K17658