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NACIS 2019: Cartography and Community in OpenStreetMap: Getting Native Reservations on the Map

Alan McConchie
October 18, 2019

NACIS 2019: Cartography and Community in OpenStreetMap: Getting Native Reservations on the Map

Alan McConchie

October 18, 2019
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  1. Cartography and Community
    in OpenStreetMap:
    Getting Native Reservations
    on the Map
    Alan McConchie, Stamen Design
    #NACIS2019
    October 18, 2019
    Tacoma, Washington
    @mappingmashups slides: sta.mn / jzj

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  2. The Salish Sea:
    the traditional
    lands of the
    Coast Salish people

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  3. OpenStreetMap
    an open-source,
    collaborative
    map of the world

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  4. Bellingham,
    Whatcom County
    traditional territory of the
    Lummi (Xwlemi, Lhaq'temish)
    and Nooksack (Noxwsʼáʔaq)

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  5. OpenStreetMap in 2018.
    Lummi Indian Reservation
    should be here...

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  6. osm.org/relation/1606799

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  7. What's going on?
    Why is this feature in OpenStreetMap
    but not on OpenStreetMap?

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  8. this talk is not
    about mapping
    native land
    just
    "Indian Reservations"
    "The United States" by Bill Rankin
    radicalcartography.net/index.html?reservations
    or "Native Reserves"
    or "First Nation Reserves"
    or "Indigenous Territory"
    or "Aboriginal Lands" or ...

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  9. Tag usage in OpenStreetMap
    as of late 2018
    boundary=protected_area
    + protect_class=24
    boundary=aboriginal_lands
    overpass-turbo.eu/s/DV5
    overpass-turbo.eu/s/DV4

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  10. wiki.osm.org/wiki/Proposed_features/
    Tag:boundary=aboriginal_lands

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  11. wiki.osm.org/wiki/Proposed_features/
    Tag:boundary=aboriginal_lands
    wiki.osm.org/wiki/Proposed_features/
    Tag:boundary=aboriginal_lands

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  12. lists.openstreetmap.org/pipermail/tagging/2018-November/041156.html

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  13. github.com/gravitystorm/openstreetmap-carto/issues/3520#issuecomment-443946980

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  14. wiki.osm.org/wiki/Tag:boundary=aboriginal_lands

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  15. Treaty of Medicine Creek
    December 26, 1854
    Treaty of Point Elliott
    January 22, 1855
    Medicine Creek
    Point Elliott
    Seattle
    Tacoma

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  16. Treaty of Medicine Creek
    December 26, 1854
    Treaty of Point Elliott
    January 22, 1855
    en.wikisource.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Medicine_Creek
    en.wikisource.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Point_Elliott

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  17. news flash:
    The treaties have obligations
    on the settlers too
    and:
    The treaties are still relevant
    en.wikisource.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Medicine_Creek
    en.wikisource.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Point_Elliott

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  18. "How Lummi Nation's Treaty
    Stand Beat Big Coal"
    Their long battle bet big on treaty
    promises to defend their waters—and
    their culture.
    Ralph Schwartz, Sightline Institute
    May 11, 2016
    sightline.org/2016/05/11/how-lummi-nations-treaty-stand-beat-big-coal/

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  19. People are already adding
    reservations to OSM
    The tag has been officially
    accepted by the community
    Now we can finally get
    them on the map



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  20. Washington Road & Recreation Atlas,
    1:1400000 scale (Benchmark Maps, 2007)
    Washington Road & Recreation Atlas,
    larger scale (Benchmark Maps, 2007)
    photos by Paul Norman

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  21. Zoom 9
    Semi-transparent fill
    Labeled centroid
    Zoom 13
    No fill
    Labeled outlines
    osm.org/relation/6750258

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  22. github.com/gravitystorm/openstreetmap-carto
    open source cartography:
    collaboration in a GitHub
    code repository

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  23. github.com/gravitystorm/openstreetmap-carto/blob/master/DOCKER.md
    Render your own OpenStreetMap extract with Docker:

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  24. github.com/gravitystorm/openstreetmap-carto/pull/3521
    open source cartography:
    map stying with
    CartoCSS

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  25. github.com/gravitystorm/openstreetmap-carto/pull/3521
    open source cartography:
    filing a "pull request"
    in the GitHub repository

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  26. github.com/gravitystorm/openstreetmap-carto/pull/3582
    But zoos and theme parks
    already used a brown style!

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  27. github.com/gravitystorm/openstreetmap-carto/pull/3582
    But zoos and theme parks
    already used a brown style!
    Solved by changing these to purple.

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  28. osm.org/relation/3854097

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  29. washingtonlandscape.blogspot.com/2016/02/puyallup-reservation-map.html
    "The Puyallup Reservation is large enough to shade,
    but is typically left off maps." – Dan McShane

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  30. osm.org/relation/7414790

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  31. osm.org/relation/7414790
    "How the Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla
    Indians Held On in Palm Springs"
    The one-mile square area, known as Section 14, competes
    for sovereignty with the wealthy in Southern California
    Smithsonian Magazine, April 5, 2019

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  32. Oklahoma
    "Is Half of Oklahoma an Indian Reservation?
    The Supreme Court Sifts the Merits"
    The New York Times, Nov. 27, 2018 https://nyti.ms/2DMw8Tj

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  33. What next?
    • How do we map native trust lands and other boundaries?
    • Find out if the reservations around you are mapped.
    • Learn about the native land you are on! native-land.ca
    • What else is missing in OSM? Don't be afraid to propose
    new features, or to make pull requests on the map style
    • Thank you!
    slides: sta.mn / jzj

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