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コンテンツ流通基盤概論 #04 / 20230124

コンテンツ流通基盤概論 #04 / 20230124

Jiro Kikkawa

January 24, 2023
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  1. 1 ίϯςϯπྲྀ௨ج൫֓࿦ ஜ೾େֶ ਤॻؗ৘ใϝσΟΞܥ ٢઒ ࣍࿠ [email protected] # ೔෇ ֓ཁ

    4 1݄24೔ (Ր) ֶज़ݚڀ෼໺ʹ͓͚ΔσΟδλϧίϯςϯπͷྲྀ௨ʹؔ͢Δ جૅ֓೦ͱࣄྫ
  2. 2 2 εέδϡʔϧ # ೔෇ ֓ཁ 1 1݄10೔ (Ր) ಋೖɾΠϯλʔωοτ্ͷίϯςϯπྲྀ௨ʹؔ͢Δશମ૾Λड़΂Δ

    2 1݄12೔ (໦) ίϯςϯπྲྀ௨Λࢧ͑Δ৘ใٕज़ͷ֓ཁ ɾίϯςϯπͷදݱɼ஝ੵɼ ΞΫηεͷͨΊͷ৘ใٕज़ͷجૅ ɾίϯςϯπྲྀ௨ͷγεςϜͷߏ੒ͷجૅ 3 1݄19೔ (໦) Πϯλʔωοτ্ͷίϯςϯπͱͦͷྲྀ௨ͷجૅ֓೦ɾ σΟδλϧϥΠϒϥϦͱσΟδλϧΞʔΧΠϒͷࣄྫͱجૅ֓೦ 4 1݄24೔ (Ր) ֶज़ݚڀ෼໺ʹ͓͚ΔσΟδλϧίϯςϯπͷྲྀ௨ʹؔ͢Δجૅ֓೦ͱࣄྫ 5 1݄26೔ (໦) ֶज़ݚڀ෼໺ʹ͓͚Δίϯςϯπͷಉఆɾࣝผ΍ɼӬଓతͳར༻ͷͨΊͷج൫ 6 1݄31೔ (Ր) ΦʔϓϯαΠΤϯε࣌୅ʹ͓͚Δֶज़ίϯςϯπͷྲྀ௨ʹؔ͢Δಈ޲ 7 2݄2೔ (໦) ϝλσʔλͷجૅ֓೦ͱϝλσʔλͷछʑͷࣄྫ 8 2݄7೔ (Ր) ϝλσʔλͷϞσϧ ɾԠ༻໨తʹैͬͨίϯςϯπͷݟํͱϝλσʔλͷ Ϟσϧ ɾϝλσʔλεΩʔϚͱͦͷجຊϞσϧ 9 2݄9೔ (໦) ϝλσʔλͷ૬ޓӡ༻ੑɼಛʹΠϯλʔωοτ্Ͱͷϝλσʔλͷ ૬ޓӡ༻ੑͷͨΊͷඪ४ (Resource Description Framework (RDF) ౳) ͱ ϝλσʔλεΩʔϚʹ͍ͭͯड़΂Δ 10 2݄14೔ (Ր) σΟδλϧίϯςϯπྲྀ௨ɼϝλσʔλʹؔ͢Δ૯߹తͳٞ࿦ͱৼΓฦΓ ※ୈ2ճ͔Βୈ6ճ·Ͱ͸٢઒ɼୈ7ճ͔Βୈ10ճ·Ͱ͸Ӭ৿ઌੜͷ୲౰Ͱ͢ɽ
  3. 3 3 લճͷ͓͞Β͍

  4. 4 4 Internet Archive • 1996೥ʹઃཱ͞ΕͨඇӦརஂମ • ΢ΣϒαΠτ΍ͦͷଞͷจԽతϦιʔεΛσδλϧܗࣜͰอଘ • ϛογϣϯ͸ʮ͋ΒΏΔ஌ࣝ΁ͷϢχόʔαϧΞΫηεʯͷఏڙ

    ग़య: Internet Archive: About IA https://archive.org/about/ Internet Archive: Petabox https://archive.org/web/petabox.php 4
  5. 5 5 ऩूɾอଘ͍ͯ͠Δίϯςϯπ͓Αͼͦͷ༰ྔ • 7,350ԯͷ΢Σϒϖʔδ • 4,100ສ࡭ͷॻ੶ͱςΩετɼ1,470ສ݅ͷΦʔσΟΦɼ840ສຊͷϏσΦ • 440ສຕͷը૾ɼ89ສ݅ͷιϑτ΢ΣΞϓϩάϥϜ ग़య:

    Internet Archive: About IA https://archive.org/about/ Internet Archive: Petabox https://archive.org/web/petabox.php 5 57PB (PetaBytes) ˞2022年12⽉時点 42PB
  6. 6 6 ૑੒ͷͻ͔Γ ɾɾɾ ܅ΛরΒ͢ɻ ॳظͷ৘ใϝσΟΞ૑੒ֶྨ ΢ΣϒαΠτͷτοϓϖʔδ 2006೥4݄14೔࣌఺ https://web.archive.org/web/200604141624 49/http://www.mast.tsukuba.ac.jp/

    ೥݄೔ʹ ΢ΣϒαΠτެ։
  7. 7 7 ΢ΣϒΞʔΧΠϒͷίϯςϯπ͸ ͲΜͳ৔໘Ͱ໾ʹཱͭͷ͔ աڈͷίϯςϯπͦΕࣗମʹՁ஋͕͋Δ৔߹ • ७ਮʹ໘ന͍ɼڵຯਂ͍ • ͔ͭͯଘࡏͨ͠૊৫ͳͲͷ৘ใ͕ݟΒΕΔ఺͕༗ӹ •

    ύϯσϛοΫ͕աڈͷग़དྷࣄͱͳͬͨະདྷʹ͓͍ͯɼ ೔ຊࠃ಺Ͱͷॳظͷঢ়گ΍ରԠΛ஌Γ͍ͨͱ͖͸ େֶͷରԠ΍Ҋ಺͕ͲΜͳ͔ͩͬͨΛௐ΂͍ͨͱ͖͸ େֶ͝ͱʹͲΜͳҧ͍͕͔͋ͬͨΛௐ΂͍ͨͱ͖͸
  8. 8 8 ূڌɼࠜڌɼ৘ใݯͱͯ͠ͷՁ஋͕͋Δ৔߹ 1. ࡋ൑Ͱͷ༗ޮͳূڌͱͯ͠ೝΊΒΕͨέʔεࠃ֎ฤ Internet ArchiveͷʮWayback Machineʯ͕อଘ͍ͯ͠Δ΢Σϒϖʔδʹ๏తͳূڌೳྗ͕ ͋Δ͜ͱΛɺถࠃͷࡋ൑ॴ͕ೝΊΔͱ͍͏ըظతͳ൑ܾ͕Լ͞Εɺւ֎Ͱ࿩୊ʹͳ͍ͬͯΔɻ ͜Ε͸ӳThe

    Registerࢴ͕ใ͍ͯ͡Δ΋ͷͰɺΠλϦΞͰൃੜͨ͠େن໛ͳΦϯϥΠϯ࠮ٗʹ ͓͍ͯɺWayback Machineʹอଘ͞Ε͍ͯͨ౰࣌ͷαΠτΛ౰ہ͕ূڌͱͯ͠ถࠃͷࡋ൑ॴ ʹఏग़ͨ͠ͱ͜Ζɺ๏తͳূڌೳྗ͋ΓͱೝΊΒΕͨͱ͍͏΋ͷɻ ༰ٙऀͷୁัޙʹΦϯϥΠϯ࠮ٗͷূڌͱͳΔαΠτ͕ফ໓ͨͨ͠ΊɺWayback Machineʹ པΒ͟ΔΛಘͳ͔ͬͨͱ͍͏ࣄ৘͕͋ͬͨΑ͏͕ͩɺաڈʹ͸Wayback Machineʹূڌೳྗ ͳ͠ͱΈͳ͞Εͨέʔε΋͋ͬͨͨΊɺࠓճͷ൑ܾ͸ըظతͱ΋ݴ͑Δ಺༰ͩɻ ग़య: Internet ArchiveͷʮWayback Machineʯɺถࠃͷࡋ൑ॴ͔Β๏తͳূڌೳྗΛೝΊΒΕΔʲ΍͡͏·Watchʳ - INTERNET Watch https://internet.watch.impress.co.jp/docs/yajiuma/1141734.html ΢ΣϒΞʔΧΠϒͷίϯςϯπ͸ ͲΜͳ৔໘Ͱ໾ʹཱͭͷ͔
  9. 9 9 寿命 [編集] (লུ) Πψ͸10ࡀʹͳΔͱ࿝ݘͷҬʹͳΓ12ࡀ͔Β20ࡀఔ౓·Ͱੜ͖Δɻͨͩ͠ݘछ΍ੜҭ؀ڥ ʹΑͬͯ΋ҟͳΓɺجຊతʹେܕݘͷ΄͏͕খܕݘΑΓ΋୹໋Ͱ͋Δɻ (লུ) ͔ͭͯΪωεϒοΫʹͯɺ2010೥10݄͔Β2011೥12݄ʹֻ͚ͯʮੜଘ͢Δੈք࠷ߴྸͷ Πψʯͱೝఆ͞Ε͍ͯͨಢ໦ݝࡏॅͷࡶछݘϓʔεέ͸[17]ɺ2011೥12݄5೔ͷࢮ຅࣌఺Ͱ

    26ࡀ9ϲ݄[18] Ͱ͋Γɺਓؒͷ೥ྸͰ׵ࢉ͢Δͱ125ࡀҎ্ͱਪఆ͞Εͨɻ ূڌɼࠜڌɼ৘ใݯͱͯ͠ͷՁ஋͕͋Δ৔߹ 2. Wikipediaهࣄʹ͓͚Δ৘ใݯͱͯ͠׆༻͞Ε͍ͯΔέʔε Πψ - Wikipedia https://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E3%82%A4%E3%83%8C 出典 [編集] 1.^ Macdonald, David; Claudio Sillero-Zubiri (2004). The Biology and Conservation of Wild Canids. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 45-46. ISBN 0198515561 2. ^ a b Anthea Gentry, Juliet Clutton-Brock, Colin P. Groves, “The naming of wild animal species and their domestic derivates,” Journal of Archaeological Science, Volume 31, Issue 5, Elsevier, 2004, Pages 645-651. (লུ) 17.^ l- Explore Records - Guinness World Records”. 2014೥4݄8೔࣌఺ͷΦϦδφϧΑΓΞʔΧΠϒɻ 2011೥10݄7೔Ӿཡɻ
  10. 10 10 લճͷఏग़՝୊͔Β #1 10 Internet Archive͕อଘͯ͘͠Ε͍ͯͳ͍webαΠτ౳͸΋͏౓ͱ Ӿཡ͢Δ͜ͱ͸Ͱ͖ͳ͍ͱ͍͏͜ͱͳͷͰ͠ΐ͏͔ *OUFSOFU"SDIJWF΍ͦΕҎ֎ͷ΢ΣϒΞʔΧΠϒʹ΋࢒͍ͬͯͳ͍৔߹ɼ ೋ౓ͱӾཡͰ͖ͳ͍Մೳੑ͕ߴ͍ͱࢥ͍·͢ɽ

    αʔϏεͷऴྃʹΑΔίϯςϯπͷେྔফ໓ɺͱ͍͏ࣄྫ͸ࠓͰ΋Α͘ ࣖʹ͢ΔࣄҊͰ͕͢ɺࣗ਎͕ఏڙ͢ΔαʔϏε಺ͷίϯςϯπΛอޢ ͠ͳ͚Ε͹ͳΒͳ͍ͱ͍ͬͨن໿ͷΑ͏ͳ΋ͷ͸ͳ͍ͷͰ͠ΐ͏͔ αʔϏε؅ཧऀͷҰଘʹΑΓίϯςϯπͷଘଓ͕ѲΒΕ͍ͯΔͱ͍͏ ঢ়ଶʹҧ࿨ײ͕͋Γ·ͨ͠ɻ ͔֬ʹɼͦ͏ݴΘΕͯΈΔͱҧ࿨ײ͕͋Γ·͢Ͷɽࢲ͕஌ΔݶΓͰ͸ɼ ͦͷखͷن໿͸ಛʹͳͦ͞͏Ͱ͢ɽอଘҙ͕ࣝرബ ஶ࡞ݖབྷΈͷ໰୊ ͳ͓ɼαʔϏεऴྃ·Ͱ࣌ؒΛஔ͖ɼ֤ࣗͰอଘ΍ҠߦΛͤΑͷରԠͰ͢ɽ
  11. 11 11 લճͷఏग़՝୊͔Β #2 11 तۀࢿྉͷ68ϖʔδʹ͋ΔɺΫϩʔϥʹΑΔ८ճɾऩूͷՄ൱Λࢦఆ͢Δ ํ๏ͷ಺ɺ3Ҏ֎ͷํ๏Ͱ͸ɺѱҙͷ͋ΔϓϩάϥϜʹରॲͰ͖ͳ͍Α͏ʹ ࢥΘΕ·͕͢ɺ3Ҏ֎ͷํ๏Ͱѱҙͷ͋ΔϓϩάϥϜʹରॲ͢Δํ๏͸͋Δ ͷͰ͠ΐ͏͔ɻ 3ͭ໨ʹڍ͛ͨ.htaccessͰͷઃఆͰ͸ɼಛఆͷIPΞυϨεͷΈΞΫηεՄʹ

    ͨ͠ΓɼIDͱύεϫʔυͰͷೝূΛࢪͨ͠Γ͢ΔҎ֎ʹɼIPΞυϨε΍User AgentͷࢦఆʹΑΔΞΫηεېࢭ΋ઃఆՄೳͱ͍͏આ໌Λ๨Ε͍ͯ·ͨ͠ʀ ͦΕҎ֎ͩͱɼᷚͰฉ͍ͨ࿩Ͱ͕͢ɼಛఆͷޠ۟Λॻ͍͓ͯ͘ͱ͍ͬͨํ๏? ʮ500 Internal Server Errorʯʹ͸ɺwebΞϓϦΛ࡞Δ՝୊ͰԿ౓΋ۤ͠Ί ΒΕͨͷͰɺ࠶ͼݟͯτϥ΢Ϛ͕ોͬͨɻ ෆ༻ҙʹτϥ΢ϚΛોΒͤͯ͠·͍ਃ͠༁͋Γ·ͤΜ……ͱ൓ল͢Δͱಉ࣌ʹɼ ͻͱʹΑͬͯ͸ҰॠͰόονϦͱ఻ΘΔઆ໌ํ๏Λ஌ͬͯ͠·ͬͨؾ෼ʹɽ
  12. 12 12 લճͷఏग़՝୊͔Β #3 12 Πϯλʔωοτͷ৘ใͷΞʔΧΠϒͱ͍͏ߟ͑ࣗମ͸ݹ͔͘Β͋Γଟ͘ͷ ਓ͕࣮ફʹҠ͖ͯͨ͜͠ͱ͸෼͔͕ͬͨɺ2010೥୅ʹೖͬͯҎ߱ͷσʔλ ྲྀ௨ྔͷരൃతͳ૿Ճʹ൐ͬͯΞʔΧΠϒۀք (?) Ͱ΋ͦΕʹରԠ͢ΔΑ͏

    ͳಈ͖͕৽͘͠ى͖ͨΓͨ͠ͷ͔ͳͱ͍͏఺͕ؾʹͳͬͨɻ Internet Archiveʹؔͯ͠͸ɼ৽ͨͳಈ͖͸ෳ਺͋Δͱࢥ͍·͢ɽ ॳظ͸ɼଞͷαʔϏε (Alexa Internet) ͔Βఏڙ͞ΕͨσʔλΛ࢖͍ͬͯͨͦ͏ Ͱ͢ɽͦͷޙɼޙ೥ʹͳΔʹͭΕͯɼࣗલͷΫϩʔϥ։ൃɼେ༰ྔετϨʔδ ͷ֬อɼΞʔΧΠϒͷอଘ͔Βެ։·Ͱͷߴ଎ԽͳͲͷվળΛॏͶ͍ͯ·͢ɽ
  13. 13 13 લճͷఏग़՝୊͔Β #4 13 HTTPεςʔλείʔυͷ200൪୆ʹ͍ͭͯɺ੒ޭͨ͠ͷͰ͋Ε͹ ͜Ε͸Ͳ͜ʹදࣔ͞ΕΔͷͩΖ͏͔? ݟͨ͜ͱ͕ͳ͍͕ɻ ਓؒʹͱͬͯ͸ཪͰ΍ΓऔΓ͞Ε͍ͯΔ৘ใͳͷͰɼҙࣝͮ͠Β͍Ͱ͢ΑͶɽ ͨͱ͑͹ɼGoogle

    ChromeͰ දࣔ > ։ൃ/؅ཧ > σϕϩούʔɾπʔϧ Λ։͖ɼ NetworkͷλϒΛબ୒ͨ͠ঢ়ଶͰϒϥ΢δϯά͢Δͱ֬ೝͰ͖·͢Αɽ
  14. 14 14 ֶज़ݚڀ෼໺ʹ͓͚ΔσΟδλϧ ίϯςϯπΛऔΓ্͛Δཧ༝

  15. 15 15 ֶज़ݚڀ෼໺ͷσΟδλϧ ίϯςϯπΛऔΓ্͛Δཧ༝ #1 େֶ͸ɼڭҭɾݚڀΛߦ͏ͨΊͷ৔ • େֶڭһͷ࢓ࣄ͸ɼڭҭɼݚڀɼେֶӡӦ ࣾձߩݙ •

    େֶʹॴଐ͍ͯ͠Δͱɼଟ͘ͷ࿦จʹΞΫηεͰ͖Δ • ༷ʑͳ࿦จʹΞΫηε͢ΔͨΊʹ͸ɼ͓͕͔͔ۚΔ • ֶ෦ੜͷ৔߹Ͱ΋ɼֶ೥͕ਐΉʹͭΕͯ࿦จΛӾಡ͢Δ ػձ͕૿͑ΔͨΊɼجຊతͳ஌͕ࣝ͋Δͱ໾ʹཱͭ ˠ ଔۀݚڀͰ͸ɼઌߦݚڀΛௐ΂Δඞཁ͕͋Δ
  16. 16 ग़య • ஜ೾େֶ౷߹ใࠂॻ2021 https://www.tsukuba.ac.jp/about/disclosure-report/pdf/integrated-report2021.pdf • ྩ࿨೥౓ ஍ਤͱσʔλͰݟΔஜ೾େֶϦʔϑϨοτ https://www.tsukuba.ac.jp/images/pdf/ut-leaflet-2022.pdf •

    ྩ࿨3 (2021) ೥౓ ஜ೾େֶෟଐਤॻؗۀ຿౷ܭ https://www.tulips.tsukuba.ac.jp/lib/sites/default/files/attach/statistics-2021.pdf ஜ೾େֶ • 2020೥౓ͷ༧ࢉֹ: 1,055ԯԁ • ӡӦඅަ෇ۚ: 371ԯԁ • ෟଐපӃʹΑΔऩೖ: 362ԯԁ • तۀྉ౳ʹΑΔऩೖ: 90ԯԁ ← গ͠ҙ֎Ͱ͸? • ڭ৬һ: 5,325໊ • ֶੜ: 16,542໊ • ֶ܈ੜ: 9,715໊ • େֶӃੜ: 6,827໊ ஜ೾େֶෟଐਤॻؗ • ਤॻ (࡭਺): ࿨ॻ168ສɼ༸ॻ100ສ • ࡶࢽ (λΠτϧ਺): ࿨ࡶࢽ1.7ສɼ༸ࡶࢽ1.3ສ • ిࢠδϟʔφϧ (λΠτϧ਺) : 3.7ສ • ࢿྉߪೖඅ౳: 6.6ԯԁ
  17. 17 17 ֶज़ݚڀ෼໺ͷσΟδλϧ ίϯςϯπΛऔΓ্͛Δཧ༝ #2 ΢Σϒ্Ͱిࢠഔମͱͯ͠ೖखͯ͠ಡΜͰ͍Δ ग़య: ֶज़৘ใͷར༻ʹؔ͢Δௐࠪ (SCREALௐࠪ) 2014جຊूܭ

    http://www.screal.jp/2014/SCREAL2014_summary.pdf (ࢀߟ) JANUL: ࠃཱେֶਤॻؗڠձɼPULCެࢲཱେֶਤॻؗίϯιʔγΞϜɼSCREAL: ֶज़ਤॻؗݚڀҕһձ Q. ిࢠδϟʔφϧΛͲͷఔ౓ར༻͍ͯ͠·͔͢?
  18. 18 18 ֶज़ࡶࢽ (δϟʔφϧ) ͱ͸

  19. 19 19 Nature Volume 613 Issue 7944 2023೥1݄19೔߸ https://www.nature.com/nature/ volumes/613/issues/7944

    ֶज़ࡶࢽ (δϟʔφϧ) ͷྫ #1 Nature (ωΠνϟʔ) • 1869೥ʹΠΪϦεͰ૑ץ • 1953೥ʹܝࡌ͞Εͨ࿦จ Molecular Structure of Nucleic Acids: A Structure for Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid (σΦΩγϦϘ֩ࢎͷ෼ࢠߏ଄) → DNAͷೋॏཐટߏ଄ WATSON, J., CRICK, F. Molecular Structure of Nucleic Acids: A Structure for Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid. Nature 171, 737–738 (1953). https://doi.org/10.1038/171737a0
  20. 20 20 VOLUME 1 NOVEMBER 1869 to APRIL 1870 https://hdl.handle.net/2027/uc1.c2754878

    HathiTrust
  21. 21 21 WATSON, J., CRICK, F. Molecular Structure of Nucleic

    Acids: A Structure for Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid. Nature 171, 737–738 (1953). https://doi.org/10.1038/171737a0 1953೥ʹܝࡌ͞Εͨ࿦จ Molecular Structure of Nucleic Acids: A Structure for Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid σΦΩγϦϘ֩ࢎͷ෼ࢠߏ଄ → DNAͷೋॏཐટߏ଄
  22. 22 22 Nature Volume 609 Issue 7929 2022೥9݄29೔߸ https://www.nature.com/nature /volumes/609/issues/7929

    Science Volume 377 Issue 6614 2022೥9݄30೔߸ https://www.science.org/toc/sc ience/377/6614 22 Cell Volume 185 Issue 20 2022೥9݄29೔߸ https://www.cell.com/cell/issue ?pii=S0092-8674(21)X0021-9 ֶज़ࡶࢽ (δϟʔφϧ) ͷྫ #2
  23. 23 23 23 ੈք࠷ݹͷֶज़ࡶࢽ͸? #1 • Le Journal des sçavans

    δϡϧφϧɾσɾαϰΝϯ • 1665೥ʹץߦ͞Εͨ • ϑϥϯεͷֶज़ࡶࢽ https://hdl.handle.net/ 2027/ucm.5327264267 Año 1665
  24. 24 24 ੈք࠷ݹͷֶज़ࡶࢽ͸? #2 • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal

    Society ϑΟϩιϑΟΧϧɾτϥϯβΫγϣϯζ • 1665೥ʹץߦ͞Εͨ • ΠΪϦεͷֶज़ࡶࢽ ը૾ͷग़య: File:Philosophical Transactions Volume 1 frontispiece.jpg - Wikimedia Commons https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Philosophical_ Transactions_Volume_1_frontispiece.jpg
  25. 25 25 ੈք࠷ݹͷֶज़ࡶࢽ͸? #3 • ϑΟϩιϑΟΧϧɾτϥϯβΫγϣϯζ͸ݱ໾! Home | Philosophical Transactions

    of the Royal Society of London https://royalsocietypublishing.org/journal/rstl
  26. 26 26 ֶज़࿦จ treatise ৽͍͠ݚڀ੒ՌΛ಺༰ͱ͠ɼҰఆͷߏ੒Λ࣋ͬͨ࿦จɽ Ұൠʹɼ࿦จ໊ɼஶऀ໊ɼং࿦ɼํ๏ͱ݁Ռɼߟ࡯ͱ݁࿦ɼҾ༻ จݙϦετ͔Βߏ੒͞ΕΔɽ௨ৗ͸ɼֶज़ࡶࢽʹܝࡌ͞Εͨ΋ͷ Λֶज़࿦จͱݺΜͰ͍Δɽ౰ॳ͸ࡶࢽฤूऀ΁ͷखࢴ΍ใࠂͷ ܗࣜΛͱ͕ͬͨɼ19ੈلʹݱࡏͷΑ͏ͳܗʹͳͬͨɽ ਤॻؗ৘ใֶ༻ޠࣙయ

    ΑΓҾ༻ ֶज़ࡶࢽ scientific journal; scholarly journal ڱٛʹ͸ɼࠪಡ੍౓Λ࠾༻͠ɼಠ૑ੑͷ͋Δ࠷৽ͷݚڀ੒Ռ Λ఻͑Δ౤ߘ࿦จΛܝࡌ͢Δࡶࢽɽ ޿ٛʹ͸ɼֶज़తͳ಺༰ͷهࣄΛܝࡌ͢Δࡶࢽɽ * ೔ຊਤॻؗ৘ใֶձ༻ޠࣙయฤूҕһձ:ʮਤॻؗ৘ใֶ༻ޠࣙయʯ. ؙળग़൛, ୈ5൛, 2020. ਤॻؗ৘ใֶ༻ޠࣙయ* ΑΓҾ༻ ֶज़ࡶࢽͱֶज़࿦จͷఆٛ
  27. 27 27 ֶज़ࡶࢽʹ࿦จΛࡌͤΔʹ͸? → ࠪಡ ࠪಡ੍౓ referee system; peer review

    ֶज़ࡶࢽʹ౤ߘ͞Εͨ࿦จͷ಺༰Λࠪಡऀ (referee) ͕৹ࠪ͠ɼ౰֘ࡶࢽʹܝࡌ ͢Δ͔൱͔Λ൑ఆ͢Δ੍౓ɽ͜ͷ੍౓ʹΑͬͯɼ౤ߘ࿦จͱஶऀ͸ઐ໳తঝೝΛ ड͚ɼҰํ ֶज़ࡶࢽ͸࣭Λҡ࣋͢Δ͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖Δɽ ࠪಡ͸ɼࡶࢽͷฤूҕһ΍౤ߘ࿦จͷ಺༰ʹৄ͍͠ઐ໳Ոʹґཔ͢Δɽ ৹ࠪΛެਖ਼ʹߦ͏ͨΊʹɼ࿦จͷஶऀͱࠪಡऀͷ྆ऀʹޓ͍ͷࢯ໊Λ஌Βͤͣɼ ౤ߘ࿦จΛ৹ࠪ͠ɼͦΕʹԠͨ͡ॻ͖௚͠ΛٻΊΔ৔߹͕ଟ͍ɽ ࠪಡͷ݁Ռ٫Լ͞ΕΔ݅਺͸ɼֶ໰෼໺ʹΑͬͯଟগҟͳΔ͕ɼਤॻΛओͳൃද खஈͱ͍ͯ͠ΔਓจՊֶʹ͓͍ͯ΋ɼ͜ͷ٫Լ཰͸ߴ͍ɽ • QFFSೳྗͳͲ͕ಉ౳ͷਓɼಉ྅ɽ ͜͜Ͱ͸ɼ࿦จ಺༰ʹৄ͍͠ݚڀऀɼಉۀऀͷ͜ͱ • ֶज़ࡶࢽʹܝࡌ͢Δ͜ͱͰֶज़ͷਐల͕ظ଴Ͱ͖Δέʔε ࡌͤΔ΂͖Ͱ͋Δͱ ൑அ͞Εͨ৔߹ ͸࠾୒ ࡌͤΔɽͦ͏Ͱͳ͍৔߹͸ෆ࠾୒ ࡌͤͳ͍ • मਖ਼ʹΑͬͯ໰୊͕ղফ ಺༰ͷ࣭͕վળ͞ΕΔ৔߹͸ɼॻ͖௚͠ΛٻΊΒΕΔ • ͢΂ͯͷέʔεͰ֘౰͢ΔΘ͚Ͱ͸ͳ͍͕ɼ࠾୒͞Εͨ৔߹ɼͦͷ࿦จͷஶ࡞ݖ͕ ग़൛ࣾʹҠ؅͞ΕΔ͜ͱ͕ଟ͍ ˠ ༗ྉͷ࿦จ͕ചΕͨͱͯ͠ɼஶऀͷջʹ͸ʜʜ ਤॻؗ৘ใֶ༻ޠࣙయ ΑΓҾ༻
  28. 28 28 ࿦จ৹ࠪͷେ·͔ͳྲྀΕ ஶऀ͕ݪߘΛ౤ߘ͢Δ ฤूऀ ௕ ͕ݪߘΛ ࣄ຿ہͰड͚औΔ ฤू௕͕ݪߘΛ ࠪಡऀʹૹ෇͢Δ

    ʲࠪಡʳࠪಡऀ डཧ ٫Լ վగ ฤू௕ ࠪಡͳ͠Ͱ ฤू௕͕डཧ͢Δ ࠪಡͳ͠Ͱ ฤू௕͕٫Լ͢Δ डཧ ࠾୒ Accept ٫Լ ෆ࠾୒ Reject վగ मਖ਼ Revise ࠪಡޙɼ ฤू௕͕डཧ͢Δ editor/editorial kick ץߦ publish ஶऀ͕ݪߘΛվగ͢Δ ࠪಡޙɼ ฤू௕͕٫Լ͢Δ ૔ాܟࢠ:ʮֶज़৘ใྲྀ௨ͱΦʔϓϯΞΫηεʯɽႻ૲ॻ๪ɼ2007ɽp.64ɼਤ3.4Λൈਮͯ͠࡞੒ɽ ଠࣈɼӳޠ͓Αͼഁઢ໼ҹͷิهɼண৭౳͸͢΂ͯ٢઒ʹΑΔɽ Received, ड෇೔ Accepted, ࠾୒೔
  29. 29 29 ֶज़ࡶࢽɾ࿦จͷ୳͠ํ ᶃ ࢴഔମͷ৔߹

  30. 30 30 ֶज़࿦จΛೖख͢Δʹ͸ ࢴഔମͷֶज़࿦จΛ୳͢ ˠ େֶਤॻؗ • ͦ΋ͦ΋ɼͲ͜ʹߦ͚͹ӾಡͰ͖Δ ˠ ৽͍͠

    (ൃߦ͞Εͯؒ΋ͳ͍) ΋ͷ͸ࡶࢽίʔφʔ ݹ͍ (ൃߦޙ͋Δఔ౓࣌ؒͷܦͬͨ) ΋ͷ͸ूີॻՍ
  31. 31 31 ྫ) ਤॻؗ৘ใֶਤॻؗͷूີॻՍ (ࡱӨ೔: 2017೥4݄25೔)

  32. 32 32 ྫ) ਤॻؗ৘ใֶਤॻؗͷूີॻՍ (ࡱӨ೔: 2017೥4݄25೔)

  33. 33 33 ྫ) ਤॻؗ৘ใֶਤॻؗͷूີॻՍ (ࡱӨ೔: 2017೥4݄25೔) ྫిࢠ৘ใ௨৴ֶձٕज़ݚڀใࠂ 1998-99, 1999-2000, 2000-2001,

  34. 34 34 ࢴഔମͷֶज़࿦จΛ୳͢େֶਤॻؗ • ஜ೾େֶෟଐਤॻؗͷ৔߹ • தԝɼମܳɼҩֶɼਤ৘ɼେ௩ ౎಺ ͕ଘࡏ͢Δ •

    ॴଂࢿྉͷҧ͍ҩֶɾҩྍ෼໺͸ҩֶਤॻؗʹ ˠ ͲͷؗͰ΋ಉҰࢿྉ͕ݟΒΕΔΘ͚Ͱ͸ͳ͍ ˠ ໨తͷ࿦จΛܝࡌͨ͠δϟʔφϧ͕ෳ਺ͷؗʹ ෼͔Εͯॴଂ͞Ε͍ͯΔ৔߹΋౰વ͋Δ • ஜ೾େֶෟଐਤॻ͕ؗॴଂ͍ͯ͠ͳ͍৔߹͸  ˠ ෳࣸɼऔدͤ
  35. 35 35 ࢴഔମͷֶज़࿦จΛ୳͢େֶਤॻؗ • Ӿಡɾೖख·Ͱͷεςοϓ • ॴଂ͍ͯ͠Δ৔߹͸࣮෺Λݟʹߦ͘ ৔߹ʹΑͬͯ͸ूີॻՍʹߦ͘ • ౰֘δϟʔφϧɾ࡭ࢠΛखʹऔͬͨ͏͑Ͱɼ

    ֶज़࿦จͷ಺༰Λ୳͢ ಺༰Λ֬ೝ͢Δ • ໨తͷ಺༰Ͱ͋ͬͨ৔߹͸ɼඞཁʹԠͯ͡ จݙෳࣸ౳Λߦͳ͏ ˠ ؗ಺ͷίϐʔػͰෳࣸͯ͠ɼ࣋ͪؼΔ͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖Δ
  36. 36 36 Tulips SearchΛ࢖ͬͯॴଂࢿྉΛௐ΂Δ https://www.tulips.tsukuba.ac.jp/search/ WATSON, J., CRICK, F. Molecular

    Structure of Nucleic Acids: A Structure for Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid. Nature 171, 737–738 (1953). https://doi.org/10.1038/171737a0
  37. 37 37 WATSON, J., CRICK, F. Molecular Structure of Nucleic

    Acids: A Structure for Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid. Nature 171, 737–738 (1953). https://doi.org/10.1038/171737a0 ॴࡏ ॴଂ೥ ॴଂר߸ தԝ 1882-2015 25(638-652), … ҩֶ 1932-2005 130,166-242, … ମܳ 1958-2002 181(4601-4603, … ਤ৘ࡶࢽ 1981-2002 289-317, …
  38. 38 38 CiNiiΛ࢖ͬͯॴଂ͍ͯ͠ΔਤॻؗΛௐ΂Δ https://ci.nii.ac.jp/books ಡΈ͸ʮαΠχΟʯ

  39. 39 39 CiNiiͷಡΈ͸ʮαΠχΟʯ CiNiiʢ͍͞ʹ͌ʣʢ@cinii_jpʣ͞Μ / Twitter https://twitter.com/cinii_jp ʮΈΜͳେ޷͖CiNiiʯ 2015೥4݄9೔ →

    2015೥4݄21೔
  40. 40 40 CiNiiΛ࢖ͬͯॴଂ͍ͯ͠ΔਤॻؗΛௐ΂Δ Nature ISSN 1476-4687 (online) ISSN 0028-0836 (print)

    https://ci.nii.ac.jp/books ISSN (International Standard Serial Numberࠃࡍඪ४ ஞ࣍ץߦ෺൪߸) Λ ༻͍ͨݕࡧ
  41. 41 41 CiNiiΛ࢖ͬͯॴଂ͍ͯ͠ΔਤॻؗΛௐ΂Δ https://ci.nii.ac.jp/books https://ci.nii.ac.jp/ncid/AA00752384 → େֶਤॻؗॴଂ શ903݅ ஜ೾େֶ ෟଐਤॻؗ

    • ମܳ: 1958-2002 • தԝ: 1882-2015 • ਤ৘: 1981-2002 • ҩֶ: 1932-2005
  42. 42 42 CiNiiΛ࢖ͬͯॴଂ͍ͯ͠ΔਤॻؗΛௐ΂Δ https://ci.nii.ac.jp/books https://ci.nii.ac.jp/ncid/AA00752384 → େֶਤॻؗॴଂ 164݅ / શ903݅

    ର৅ൣғΛʮؔ੢஍ํʯʹݶఆͨ͠৔߹
  43. 43 43 CiNiiΛ࢖ͬͯॴଂ͍ͯ͠ΔਤॻؗΛௐ΂Δ https://ci.nii.ac.jp/books HathiTrust΁ͷϦϯΫ • ݹ͍΋ͷ͸த਎͕ݟΒΕΔ • v.54 (1896:May-Oct.)

    1896 ·Ͱ https://ci.nii.ac.jp/ncid/AA00752384
  44. 44 44 ֶज़ࡶࢽɾ࿦จͷ୳͠ํ ᶄ ిࢠഔମͷ৔߹

  45. 45 45 ֶज़࿦จΛೖख͢Δʹ͸ ΢Σϒ্ͷֶज़࿦จΛ୳͢ • ͲΜͳखஈ΍αʔϏεΛ࢖ֶͬͯज़࿦จΛ୳͢ • ֶज़࿦จʹಛԽͨ͠ݕࡧαʔϏεͳͲ͕͋Δ

  46. 46 46 ֶज़࿦จΛݕࡧͰ͖Δ σʔλϕʔεɾαʔϏεͷྫ1 Google Scholar https://scholar.google.com/ ӡ༻Google “If I

    have been able to see further, it was only because I stood on the shoulders of giants.” ― ࢲ͕ΑΓԕ͘ΛݟΔ͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖ͨͱ͢ΔͳΒ͹ɼͦΕ͸ࢲ͕ڊਓͷݞʹ৐͍͔ͬͯͨΒʹ ա͗·ͤΜɽΞΠβοΫɾχϡʔτϯʹΑΔॻ؆ खࢴ ʹొ৔͢Δจݴͱͯ͠༗໊ͳϑϨʔζ
  47. 47 47 ֶज़࿦จΛݕࡧͰ͖Δ σʔλϕʔεɾαʔϏεͷྫ2 CiNii Research https://cir.nii.ac.jp/ ӡ༻ࠃཱ৘ใֶݚڀॴ /** •

    ࿦จɼਤॻɾࡶࢽɼത࢜࿦จͳͲͷֶज़৘ใΛݕࡧͰ͖ΔαʔϏε ͢΂ͯ ݚڀσʔλ ࿦จ ຊ ത࢜࿦จ ϓϩδΣΫτ
  48. 48 48 ֶज़࿦จΛݕࡧͰ͖Δσʔλϕʔεɾ αʔϏεΛ࢖͏: CiNii Research https://cir.nii.ac.jp/ ஫ҙCiNiiͰώοτ͠ͳ͍ 㱠 ੈͷதʹଘࡏ͠ͳ͍࿦จ

    ˒ $J/JJͰݕࡧՄೳͳ࿦จͷ݅਺໿2,200ສ݅ 2020೥3݄࣌఺ σʔλϕʔε໊͓Αͼͦͷఏڙػؔ • Ҿ༻จݙࡧҾσʔλϕʔε ࠃཱ৘ใֶݚڀॴ • J-STAGE ಠཱߦ੓๏ਓՊֶٕज़ৼڵػߏ • ػؔϦϙδτϦ ֤େֶ • ࡶࢽهࣄࡧҾσʔλϕʔε ࠃཱࠃձਤॻؗ • ࠃཱࠃձਤॻؗσδλϧίϨΫγϣϯ ࠃཱࠃձਤॻؗ • ҩதࢽWeb ಛఆඇӦར׆ಈ๏ਓҩֶதԝࡶࢽץߦձ • Crossref (Crossref) • Japan Link Center (JaLC) • ৘ใֶ޿৔ɿ৘ใॲཧֶձిࢠਤॻؗ Ұൠࣾஂ๏ਓ৘ใॲཧֶձ • ೔ຊ෺ཧֶձిࢠδϟʔφϧ Ұൠࣾஂ๏ਓ೔ຊ෺ཧֶձ • Ԡ༻෺ཧֶձిࢠδϟʔφϧ ެӹࣾஂ๏ਓԠ༻෺ཧֶձ  ͳͲ ग़యhttps://support.nii.ac.jp/ja/cia/cinii_db
  49. 49 49 ٢઒࣍࿠ | CiNii Research articles ݕࡧ https://cir.nii.ac.jp/article s?creator=%E5%90%89

    %E5%B7%9D%E6%AC% A1%E9%83%8E ★ ★ ★ ★
  50. 50 50 Wikipediaʹֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़Λ௥Ճ͢Δฤूͷಛఆख๏ | CiNii Research https://cir.nii.ac.jp/crid/1391130851444118016 https://doi.org/10.2964/jsik_2020_033

  51. 51 51 ͦͷ৔Ͱશจ͕ಡΊΔ • 1%'όʔδϣϯ ϥϯσΟϯάϖʔδͷྫ landing page Wikipediaʹֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़Λ௥Ճ͢Δฤूͷಛఆख๏ https://doi.org/10.2964/jsik_2020_033

  52. 52 52 Wikipediaʹֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़Λ௥Ճ͢Δฤूͷಛఆख๏ https://doi.org/10.2964/jsik_2020_033 ͦͷ৔Ͱશจ͕ಡΊΔ • PDFόʔδϣϯ 2020೥01݄23೔ ड෇ 2020೥06݄09೔

    ࠾୒
  53. 53 53 ϝλσʔλͷμ΢ϯϩʔυ • BibTeXܗࣜ Wikipediaʹֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़Λ௥Ճ͢Δฤूͷಛఆख๏ https://doi.org/10.2964/jsik_2020_033 @article{٢઒ ࣍࿠20202020_033, title={Wikipediaʹֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़Λ௥Ճ͢Δ

    ฤूͷಛఆख๏}, author={٢઒ ࣍࿠ and ߴٱ խੜ and ๕৊ ౙथ}, journal={৘ใ஌ֶࣝձࢽ}, volume={30}, number={3}, pages={370-389}, year={2020}, doi={10.2964/jsik_2020_033} } ߏ੒ཁૉ • ࿦จͷλΠτϧ • ܝࡌࢽͷλΠτϧ • ר (Volume)ɼ߸ (Number) • ܝࡌϖʔδ ։࢝ɼऴྃ • ग़൛೥ɾൃߦ೥ • %0*
  54. 54 54 J-STAGE https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/ • ӡ༻Պֶٕज़ৼڵػߏ +45 • ʮՊֶٕज़৘ใൃ৴ɾྲྀ௨૯߹γεςϜʯ •

    ΦϯϥΠϯδϟʔφϧϓϥοτϑΥʔϜͷͻͱͭ • ݕࡧػೳ͕͋Δ • ݸผͷֶձࢽΛӾཡ͢Δػೳ͕͋Δ
  55. 55 55 ݸผͷֶձࢽΛӾཡ͢Δ ྫ1৘ใ஌ֶࣝձࢽ https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/browse/jsik/-char/ja δϟʔφϧɼࠪಡɼ ϑϦʔɼૣظެ։

  56. 56 56 https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/browse/jjsai/-char/ja ݸผͷֶձࢽΛӾཡ͢Δ ྫ2ਓ޻஌ೳֶձࢽ ղઆࢽɾҰൠࡶࢽɼ Ұ෦ೝূ͋Γ

  57. 57 57 ݸผͷֶձࢽΛӾཡ͢Δ ྫ3೔ຊਤॻؗ৘ใֶձࢽ https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/browse/jslis/-char/ja δϟʔφϧɼࠪಡɼ ೝূ͋Γ

  58. 58 58 ϥϯσΟϯάϖʔδͷྫ landing page ஜ೾େֶ಺ͷ ωοτϫʔΫ ͔Β઀ଓͨ͠ ৔߹ https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-49304-6_40

    SpringerLink 2016೥11݄
  59. 59 59 DOI Links on Wikipedia: Analyses of English, Japanese,

    and Chinese Wikipedias https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-49304-6_40 ͦͷ৔Ͱશจ͕ಡΊΔ ← PDFόʔδϣϯ ˣ HTMLόʔδϣϯ SpringerLink https://link.springer.com/
  60. 60 60 ஜ೾େֶ֎ͷ ωοτϫʔΫ ͔Β઀ଓͨ͠ ৔߹ https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-49304-6_40 SpringerLink EUR 29.95

    3,498ԁ 12 pages 2016೥11݄
  61. 61 61 ஜ೾େֶ಺ͷ ωοτϫʔΫ ͔Β઀ଓͨ͠ ৔߹Ͱ΋ʜʜ https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-16802-4_13 SpringerLink 3,498ԁ 14

    pages • ࿦จͷެද͔Β Ұఆظؒ͸ެ։ ༛༧ Τϯόʔΰ • ΋͠ɼചΕͨ৔߹ɼ ஶऀͷऩӹʹ͸ ͳΒͳ͍ 2022೥9݄
  62. 62 62 ೔ຊਤॻؗ৘ใֶձࢽ ֶߍਤॻؗʹΑΔतۀ޲͚ਤॻఏڙࢧԉ γεςϜBookReachͷ։ൃͱධՁ https://doi.org/10.20651/jslis.68.4_215 • ࿦จͷެද͔Β1೥ؒ͸ɼ ެ։༛༧ Τϯόʔΰ

    ظؒ ͜ͷظؒ͸ֶձձһͷΈ • 1೥ܦաͨ͠Βೝূͳ͠Ͱ ୭Ͱ΋ಡΊΔΑ͏ʹͳΔ
  63. 63 63 • ΢ΣϒΛ௨ͨ͡࿦จͷఏڙ΢Σϒϒϥ΢βͰͷӾཡ ओͳߏ੒ཁૉ͸? 1. ϥϯσΟϯάϖʔδ (HTML) ॻࢽৄࡉͷϖʔδϝλϖʔδΞΠςϜϖʔδ 2.

    ຊจ ࿦จຊମ  'VMMUFYU શจ • 1%'ɼ)5.-౳ 3. ϝλσʔλɼར༻ऀʹؔ͢Δ৘ใ • ࿦จλΠτϧɼܝࡌࢽλΠτϧɼרɾ߸ɼܝࡌϖʔδɼ ग़൛೥ɾൃߦ೥ʜʜFUD • ར༻ऀͷ৘ใ͓ΑͼͦΕʹԠͨ͡ڍಈ ˠ ΞΫηε؅ཧ ΦϯϥΠϯ δϟʔφϧϓϥοτϑΥʔϜ
  64. 64 ΦϯϥΠϯδϟʔφϧͷΞΫηε؅ཧ • ஜ೾େֶͷωοτϫʔΫ͔Β઀ଓ͢Δͱ࿦จ͕ಡΊΔͷ͸ɼ ஜ೾େֶ͕ग़൛ࣾ΍ֶڠձͱ༗ྉܖ໿͍ͯ͠Δ͓͔͛ • ߪಡऀʹӾཡΛڐ͢࢓૊Έ 0. ϑϦʔΞΫηε •

    ੍ݶΛ͔͚ͳ͍ɽ୭Ͱ΋ಡΊΔ 1. IPΞυϨε୯ҐʹΑΔ૊৫୯ҐͰͷೝূ • ͨͱ͑͹ɼ઀ଓݩIPΞυϨεͷϗετ໊͕ஜ೾େֶͰ͋Ε͹ڐՄ͢Δ 2. ϢʔβɾύεϫʔυํࣜʹΑΔݸਓ (૊৫) ೝূ • IDͱύεϫʔυΛൃߦ͠ɼຊਓ֬ೝ͢Δ ※ ઌ΄Ͳͷ೔ຊਤॻؗ৘ใֶձࢽͷέʔε͕֘౰͢Δ 3. ݸผʹߪೖ͢Δ • ϖΠύʔϏϡʔํࣜ (pay-per-view, ݸผ࿦จ͝ͱͷങऔ) • ϓϦϖΠυํࣜ
  65. 65 ΦϯϥΠϯδϟʔφϧར༻্ͷ஫ҙ • ػցతͳେྔΞΫηεɾμ΢ϯϩʔυ͸μϝɼઈର • αʔϏεఏڙऀ͸ɼෆ৹ͳΞΫηε͕ͳ͍͔Λৗʹ؂ࢹ͍ͯ͠Δ • ஜ೾େֶ͔Β౰֘αʔϏεΛར༻Ͱ͖ͳ͘ͳΔՄೳੑ͕ߴ͍ • ୭͕΍͔ͬͨ͸͙͢ʹ෼͔ΔɽશྗͰँͬͯͲ͏ʹ͔ڐͯ͠΋Β͏

    ·Ͱ͸ɼஜ೾େֶ಺͔ΒαʔϏε͕࢖͑ͳ͘ͳͬͯօ͕ࠔΔ……ʀ ࢀߟ: ిࢠδϟʔφϧɾిࢠϒοΫɾσʔλϕʔεͷར༻ʹؔ͢Δ஫ҙࣄ߲ | ஜ೾େֶෟଐਤॻؗ https://www.tulips.tsukuba.ac.jp/lib/ja/dbinfo/dl-notice ਤػցతͳେྔΞΫηεͱ൑ఆ͞ΕɼBAN ͞Εͨը໘ https://dl.acm.org/
  66. 66 66 ࢴഔମͱిࢠഔମͷҧ͍ɼ ిࢠԽʹΑΔ՝୊ͱՄೳੑ

  67. 67 ΦϯϥΠϯδϟʔφϧͷ௕ظอଘ • େ൒ͷΦϯϥΠϯδϟʔφϧ͸ ֶज़ػؔͷਤॻؗߪಡͷܖ໿ʹґଘ͍ͯ͠Δ • ΞʔΧΠϒݖ: ߪಡܖ໿ظؒ෼ͷΞΫηεɾӾཡ͸อূ͞ΕΔ → ߪಡܖ໿ظ͕ؒ੾ΕΔͱΞΫηεɾӾཡͰ͖ͳ͘ͳͬͯ͠·͏

    • ग़൛ࣾϓϥοτϑΥʔϜͷด࠯΍౗࢈౳ʹΑΔফ໓΁ͷඋ͑ • μʔΫΞʔΧΠϒ Dark Archive ͱݺ͹ΕΔ࢓૊Έ͕͋Δ • CLOCKSS (ΫϩοΫε)ɿ http://www.clockss.org/ • ීஈ͸ΞΫηεͰ͖ͳ͍ঢ়ଶͷΞʔΧΠϒΛߏங͠ɼۓٸ࣌ʹެ։ • αΠτΛؙ͝ͱίϐʔͨ͠΋ͷΛڞ༗͓ͯ͘͠ɽฏ࣌͸ίϐʔͷΈ • ஍ཧతʹ཭Εͨੈք12͔ॴͷϊʔυʹ෼ࢄͤͯ͞อଘ͢Δɽ ࢀߟ: CLOCKSS | େֶਤॻؗίϯιʔγΞϜ࿈߹ɿJUSTICE https://contents.nii.ac.jp/justice/clockss
  68. 68 Ӿಡ΍ࢀরɼར༻ঢ়گͷՄࢹԽ • ͲΕ͚ͩಡ·Ε͍ͯΔ͔ ͲΕ͚ͩࢀর͞Ε͍ͯΔ͔ • ࢴഔମିग़ཤྺ ିग़ෆՄͩͬͨΒ OPAC౳Ͱݕࡧ͞Εͨճ਺ •

    ࢴഔମॻ୨͔ΒखʹऔΒΕͨճ਺Λूܭ ར༻ऀͷߦಈΛ؍࡯ ˠ ࡭ࢠΛॻ୨ʹྠΰϜΛ෇͚ͯઃஔ͠ɼͦΕ͕֎Εͨճ਺Λूܭ͢Δ ˠ ར༻ޙɼ௚઀ຊ୨ʹฦͣ͞ʹॴఆͷ৔ॴʹฦͤ͞Δ͜ͱͰ೺Ѳ͢Δ • ΢ΣϒΛ௨ͯ͡ྲྀ௨͢Δ͜ͱʹΑΔಛੑ • ΞΫηεϩά ˠ ΞΫηε΍μ΢ϯϩʔυͷճ਺͕ूܭͰ͖ΔΑ͏ʹͳͬͨ ˠ ௨ৗͷ΢ΣϒαΠτ΋؅ཧऀ͸ΞΫηεϩάΛݟΔ͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖Δ • ιʔγϟϧϝσΟΞ౳Ͱͷݴٴɾࢀর
  69. 69 ΞΫηεϩά ϦΫΤετ Ϩεϙϯε ΫϥΠΞϯτ αʔό ΞΫηεϩά͕ อଘ͞ΕΔ αʔόαΠυϩά ͱ΋ݺ͹ΕΔ

    133.51.219.140 - - [23/Jan/2023:20:41:48 +0900] "GET /sample.html HTTP/1.1" 200 114 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10_15_7) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/109.0.0.0 Safari/537.36" 133.51.219.140 ͱ͍͏IPΞυϨε͔Β 2023೥1݄23೔ 20࣌41෼48ඵ ʹ sample.html ͱ͍͏ϑΝΠϧ΁ͷΞΫηεϦΫΤετ͕͋ͬͨ ϦΫΤετʹର͢ΔHTTPεςʔλείʔυ (݁Ռ) ͸ʮ200 (੒ޭ)ʯͰ͋ͬͨ
  70. 70 ιʔγϟϧϝσΟΞ౳Ͱͷݴٴɾࢀর πΠʔτ͸Ҿ༻Λ༧ଌ͢Δ͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖Δͷ͔ Eysenbach, Gunther: “Can Tweets Predict Citations? Metrics

    of Social Impact Based on Twitter and Correlation with Traditional Metrics of Scientific Impact”, Journal of Medical Internet Research, Vol. 13, No. 4, p. e123, 2011. https://doi.org/10.2196/jmir.2012.
  71. 71 71 71 https://www.altmetric.com/details/497618 Twitter Ͳͷࠃ΍஍Ҭ͔Β൓Ԡ͕͔͋ͬͨ? 46 blogs 1,886 tweets

    7 Wikipedia pages
  72. 72 72 https://www.altmetric.com/details/497618

  73. 73 73 https://www.altmetric.com/details/497618 46 blogs 1,886 tweets 7 Wikipedia pages

    Altmetrics Citation impact • altmetrics ňalternative ୅ସతͳ ʼn ňmetrics ࢦඪ ʼn • ඃҾ༻Λத৺ͱͨ͠ධՁࢦඪʹର͢Δ୅ସతͳࢦඪ
  74. 74 74 ΦʔϓϯΞΫηεͱ ػؔϦϙδτϦ Ћ

  75. 75 ΦʔϓϯΞΫηε Open Access • ΢ΣϒΛհͯ͠ɼֶज़࿦จʹ୭΋͕ແྉͰΞΫηεͯ͠ ར༻Ͱ͖ΔΑ͏ʹ͢Δ͜ͱɽུশ͸0" • ෳ਺ͷܗଶ͕ଘࡏ͢ΔɽҎԼ͸ɼಛʹ༗໊ͳέʔε 

    ໊শ ܝࡌઌ අ༻ෛ୲ऀ 1 ΰʔϧυΦʔϓϯΞΫηε ΦʔϓϯΞΫηεࢽ ஶऀ 2 ϋΠϒϦουΦʔϓϯΞΫηε ߪಡࢽ ஶऀ 3 άϦʔϯΦʔϓϯΞΫηε ػؔϦϙδτϦ౳ ஶऀ
  76. 76 ΦʔϓϯΞΫηε Open Access • ΰʔϧυΦʔϓϯΞΫηε • ஶऀ͕࿦จܝࡌྉ (APC, Article

    processing charge) Λࢧ෷͏λΠϓ • ݚڀͷݪࢿ͸ࠃຽͷوॏͳ੫ۚͳͷͰ੒Ռ͸ެ։͢Δඞཁ͕͋Δɼ • ࿦จΛΦʔϓϯʹ͢Δͱಡऀ͕૿͑ΔɼҾ༻͞ΕΔճ਺͕૿͑ΔͳͲ https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-022-01190-z 2022೥2݄ • 2,090 USD • 27ສԁ • ݚڀඅͰࢧ෷ͬͨ • ൓ڹ͸??
  77. 77 ΦʔϓϯΞΫηε Open Access • ϋΠϒϦουΦʔϓϯΞΫηε • ஶऀ͕࿦จܝࡌྉ (APC, Article

    processing charge) Λࢧ෷͏λΠϓ • ͦΕͧΕͷ࿦จͷஶऀ͕ɼΦʔϓϯΞΫηεʹ͢Δ͠ͳ͍ΛܾΊΔ Scientometrics | Volume 128, issue 1 https://link.springer.com/journal/11192/volumes -and-issues/128-1 • ্͔Β3ͭ໨·Ͱ͸ஶऀ͕ ΦʔϓϯΞΫηεʹͨ͠ • 4൪໨ͱ5൪໨͸͍ͯ͠ͳ͍ • ಉҰδϟʔφϧͰ΋ɼແྉͰ ಡΊΔهࣄͱಡΊͳ͍هࣄ͕
  78. 78 ΦʔϓϯΞΫηε Open Access • άϦʔϯΦʔϓϯΞΫηε • ػؔϦϙδτϦ౳ʹஶऀ͕ࣗΒ࿦จΛࡌͤΔ͜ͱͰެ։͢Δ https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-49304-6_40 ग़൛ࣾ൛

    ஶऀ࠷ऴߘ http://hdl.handle.net/2241/00144576
  79. 79 ػؔϦϙδτϦͱ͸ ػؔϦϙδτϦ / institutional repository େֶ΍ݚڀػ͕ؔओମͱͳͬͯॴଐݚڀऀͷ஌తੜ࢈෺Λిࢠతʹऩूɼ ஝ੵɼఏڙ͢ΔγεςϜɼ·ͨͦͷαʔϏεɽֶज़ػؔϦϙδτϦͱ΋͍͏ɽ ਤॻؗ৘ใֶ༻ޠࣙయ ΑΓҾ༻

    ͭ͘͹ϦϙδτϦ https://tsukuba.repo.nii.ac.jp/ page/24 ͭ͘͹ϦϙδτϦ ஜ೾େֶͰੜΈग़͞Εͨ ݚڀɾڭҭ੒Ռʢֶज़࿦จɾ ത࢜࿦จɾݚڀใࠂॻɾڭࡐ ͳͲʣΛӬଓతʹ஝ੵɾอଘ ͠ɼΠϯλʔωοτΛ௨ͯ͠ ͲͳͨͰ΋ແྉʹΞΫηε Ͱ͖ΔΑ͏ʹެ։͢Δ
  80. 80 ػؔϦϙδτϦͱ͸ ஜ೾େֶͰੜΈग़͞Εͨݚڀɾڭҭ੒Ռʢֶज़࿦จɾത࢜࿦จɾݚڀใࠂ ॻɾڭࡐͳͲʣΛӬଓతʹ஝ੵɾอଘ͠ɼΠϯλʔωοτΛ௨ͯ͠Ͳͳͨ Ͱ΋ແྉʹΞΫηεͰ͖ΔΑ͏ʹެ։͢Δ https://doi.org/10.15068/0002000735 ͋Δਓ෺ͷത࢜࿦จ

  81. 81 CiNii Dissertations - ೔ຊͷത࢜࿦จΛ͕͢͞ - ࠃཱ৘ใֶݚڀॴ https://ci.nii.ac.jp/d/?l=ja • ஜ೾େֶ

    • ૣҴాେֶ • େࡕେֶ • ܚጯٛक़େֶ • ๺཮ઌ୺Պֶٕज़େֶ
  82. 82 82 • ϝλσʔλͷϋʔϕεςΟϯά ऩ֭ Λߦ͏ͨΊͷ࢓૊Έ • ͦΕͧΕͷΞϓϦέʔγϣϯ΍γεςϜʹґଘ͠ͳ͍ɼ ૬ޓ࢖༻ՄೳͳϑϨʔϜϫʔΫΛఏڙ͢ΔͨΊͷ࢓૊Έ •

    0"*1.)ϑϨʔϜϫʔΫͷࢀՃऀʹ͸࣍ͷ͕ͭ͋Δ • Data ProvidersσʔλఏڙऀɼσʔλΛ͋͛Δଆ • Service ProvidersαʔϏεఏڙऀɼσʔλΛ΋Β͏ଆ 0"*1.) Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting 82 ग़య: Open Archives Initiative - Protocol for Metadata Harvesting - v.2.0 https://www.nii.ac.jp/irp/archive/translation/oai-pmh2.0/OpenArchivesProtocol.htm
  83. 83 83 0"*1.)Λ࢖༻ͨ͠αʔϏεྫ Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting

    83 nػؔϦϙδτϦ Ø σʔλΛ͋͛Δଆ • ػؔϦϙδτϦʹऩ࿥͞Ε͍ͯΔίϯςϯπʹؔ͢Δ ϝλσʔλ • ʮͭ͘͹ϦϙδτϦʯ΋ରԠ͍ͯ͠Δ JAIRO Cloud nIRDB ֶज़ػؔϦϙδτϦσʔλϕʔε Ø σʔλΛ΋Β͏ଆ • ֤ػؔϦϙδτϦͷίϯςϯπ৘ใ΍౷ܭ৘ใΛू໿
  84. 84 84 ֶज़ػؔϦϙδτϦ σʔλϕʔε ྫ: ͭ͘͹ϦϙδτϦʹ͓͍ͯɼ 2022೥5݄1೔͔Β2022೥5݄31೔·Ͱͷ ظؒʹ࡞੒͞ΕͨϨίʔυΛ͢΂ͯऔಘ͢Δ ↓ https://tsukuba.repo.nii.ac.jp/oai?verb=ListRecords&

    metadataPrefix=oai_dc&from=2022-05-01 &until=2022-05-31 ΋Β͏ଆ ϋʔϕετ ͋͛Δଆ
  85. 85 85 ֶज़ػؔϦϙδτϦ σʔλϕʔε ΋Β͏ଆ ϋʔϕετ ͋͛Δଆ https://ci.nii.ac.jp/d/ ԣஅݕࡧɾ౷߹ݕࡧ

  86. 86 86 86 ࠃཱࠃձਤॻؗɺֶҐ࿦จʢത࢜ʣͷσδλϧԽ࣮ࢪʹ ܎Δஶ࡞ݖॲཧʹ͍ͭͯൃද 2010-09-17 ࠃཱࠃձਤॻؗ͸2010೥9݄17೔ɺʮֶҐ࿦จʢത࢜ʣͷσδλϧԽ࣮ࢪʹ܎ Δஶ࡞ݖॲཧʹ͍ͭͯʯΛهऀൃද͠·ͨ͠ɻ ͜Ε͸ɺࠃཱࠃձਤॻ͕ؗσδλϧԽΛߦ͏ɺ1991೥౓͔Β2000೥౓·Ͱʹ ࠃཱࠃձਤॻؗʹૹ෇͞ΕֶͨҐ࿦จʢത࢜ʣ໿14ສ݅෼ʹ͍ͭͯɺ(1)

    ࠃཱ ࠃձਤॻؗʹ͓͚Δશจෳࣸఏڙٴͼެऺૹ৴ɺ(2) σδλϧԽֶͨ͠Ґ࿦จ ͷෳ੡෺ͷֶҐत༩େֶ΁ͷৡ౉ɺ(3) ֶҐत༩େֶʹ͓͚Δ (2) Ͱৡ౉͞Εͨ ෳ੡෺ͷશจෳࣸఏڙٴͼެऺૹ৴ɺͷڐ୚ΛɺֶҐ࿦จͷஶऀʹґཔ͢Δͱ ͍͏΋ͷͰ͢ɻ͜ͷڐ୚ґཔ͸ɺࠃཱࠃձਤॻؗͱֶҐत༩େֶʢҰ෦Λআ ͘ʣ͕ڠྗͯ͠ߦ͍·͢ɻ ࠃཱࠃձਤॻؗɺֶҐ࿦จʢത࢜ʣͷσδλϧԽ࣮ࢪʹ܎Δஶ࡞ݖॲཧʹ͍ͭ ͯൃද | ΧϨϯτΞ΢ΣΞωεɾϙʔλϧ https://current.ndl.go.jp/car/16838 ୈճͷतۀࢿྉΑΓ
  87. 87 87 ത࢜࿦จͷΠϯλʔωοτެද: ֶҐنଇվਖ਼ • ֶҐͷत༩౳ʹ͍ͭͯఆΊֶͨҐنଇʢত࿨28೥จ෦লྩୈ9߸ʣͷҰ෦ ͕͜ͷ΄Ͳվਖ਼͞Εɼ2013೥4݄1೔Ҏ߱ʹत༩͞Εͨത࢜ͷֶҐʹ܎Δ ࿦จʢത࢜࿦จʣ͸ɼݪଇͱͯ͠ैདྷͷҹ࡮ެදʹ୅͑ͯɼΠϯλʔωο τΛར༻ͯ͠ެද͞ΕΔ͜ͱʹͳͬͨɻ •

    վਖ਼ֶҐنଇͰ͸ɼത࢜߸औಘऀ͸ɼֶҐत༩೔͔Β1೥Ҏ಺ʹɼେֶ౳ ͷڠྗΛಘͯ࿦จશจΛΠϯλʔωοτͰެද͢Δ͜ͱ͕ٛ຿෇͚ΒΕͨɻ தུ ͨͩ͠ɼ தུ ΍ΉΛಘͳ͍ࣄ༝͕͋Δ৔߹ʹ͸ɼେֶ౳ͷঝೝΛ ಘͨ͏͑Ͱɼશจʹ୅͑ͯཁ໿Λެද͢Δ͜ͱ͕Մೳͱ͞Ε͍ͯΔɻ • ެදʹ͋ͨͬͯ͸ɼֶҐत༩େֶ౳ͷػؔϦϙδτϦʢࠃཱ৘ใֶݚڀॴ ʢ/**ʣ͕ఏڙ͢Δڞ༻ϦϙδτϦαʔϏεʹΑΔϦϙδτϦΛؚΉʣΛར༻ ͢Δ͜ͱ͕ݪଇͱ͞Ε͍ͯΔɻ ग़య: E1418 – ത࢜࿦จͷΠϯλʔωοτެදɿֶҐنଇվਖ਼ | ΧϨϯτΞ΢ΣΞωεɾϙʔλϧ https://current.ndl.go.jp/e1418
  88. 88 ֶज़࿦จͷւ଑൛αΠτ: Sci-Hub Sci-Hub: knowledge must be free https://sci-hub.se/ Sci-Hub:

    statistics https://sci-hub.se/stats • ֶज़࿦จΛର৅ͱͨ͠ҧ๏ڞ༗αΠτ • 2011೥9݄ʹAlexandra Elbakyan (ΞϨΫαϯυϥɾΤϧόΩΞϯ) ্ཱ͕ͪ͛ͨ • total: 88,343,822 docs • users: 42,444 in 1h • ࠃผͷμ΢ϯϩʔυॱҐ: 1Ґ தࠃɼ2Ґ ΞϝϦΧɼ3Ґ Πϯυ …… 10Ґ ೔ຊ !
  89. 89 ֶज़࿦จͷւ଑൛αΠτ: Sci-Hub • Sci-Hubར༻ͷ࢓૊Έ • ग़య: େ୩पฏ; ࡔ౦ܚଠ: ʮ࿦จւ଑αΠτSci-HubΛ८Δಈ޲ͱ೔ຊʹ͓͚Δར༻࣮ଶʯ,

    ৘ใͷՊֶͱٕज़, Vol. 68, No. 10, pp. 513-519, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18919/jkg.68.10_513 ਤ2ΑΓൈਮ
  90. 90 90 ࢀߟࢿྉ Further readings 90 Anderson, Rick; ٶೖெࢠ: ʮֶज़ίϛϡχέʔγϣϯ

    ೖ໳ : ஌͍ͬͯΔΑ͏Ͱ ஌Βͳ͍128ͷٙ໰ʯ. ΞυεϦʔ, 2022. ૔ాܟࢠ: ʮֶज़৘ใྲྀ௨ ͱΦʔϓϯΞΫηεʯ. Ⴛ૲ॻ๪, 2007. ༗ాਖ਼ن: ʮֶज़ग़൛ͷ དྷͨಓʯ. ؠ೾Պֶ ϥΠϒϥϦʔ. ؠ೾ॻళ, 2021.
  91. 91 91 ୈ4ճͷ·ͱΊͱ࣍ճͷ༧ఆ 91 ຊ೔͸ɼҎԼͷࣄ߲Λத৺ʹֶͼ·ͨ͠ • ֶज़ࡶࢽ δϟʔφϧ ͱ͸Կ͔ •

    ֶज़ࡶࢽɾ࿦จͷ୳͠ํࢴഔମɼిࢠഔମ • ిࢠԽʹΑΔ՝୊ΦϯϥΠϯδϟʔφϧͷ௕ظอଘ • ిࢠԽʹΑΔՄೳੑӾಡ΍ࢀরɼར༻ঢ়گ͕ՄࢹԽͰ͖ΔΑ͏ʹ • ΦʔϓϯΞΫηεͱػؔϦϙδτϦɼ0"*1.) • ֶज़࿦จͷւ଑൛αΠτ4DJ)VC ࣍ճ͸ɼʮӬଓతࣝผࢠʯͳͲʹ͍ͭͯѻ͍·͢
  92. 92 92 εέδϡʔϧ # ೔෇ ֓ཁ 1 1݄10೔ (Ր) ಋೖɾΠϯλʔωοτ্ͷίϯςϯπྲྀ௨ʹؔ͢Δશମ૾Λड़΂Δ

    2 1݄12೔ (໦) ίϯςϯπྲྀ௨Λࢧ͑Δ৘ใٕज़ͷ֓ཁ ɾίϯςϯπͷදݱɼ஝ੵɼ ΞΫηεͷͨΊͷ৘ใٕज़ͷجૅ ɾίϯςϯπྲྀ௨ͷγεςϜͷߏ੒ͷجૅ 3 1݄19೔ (໦) Πϯλʔωοτ্ͷίϯςϯπͱͦͷྲྀ௨ͷجૅ֓೦ɾ σΟδλϧϥΠϒϥϦͱσΟδλϧΞʔΧΠϒͷࣄྫͱجૅ֓೦ 4 1݄24೔ (Ր) ֶज़ݚڀ෼໺ʹ͓͚ΔσΟδλϧίϯςϯπͷྲྀ௨ʹؔ͢Δجૅ֓೦ͱࣄྫ 5 1݄26೔ (໦) ֶज़ݚڀ෼໺ʹ͓͚Δίϯςϯπͷಉఆɾࣝผ΍ɼӬଓతͳར༻ͷͨΊͷج൫ 6 1݄31೔ (Ր) ΦʔϓϯαΠΤϯε࣌୅ʹ͓͚Δֶज़ίϯςϯπͷྲྀ௨ʹؔ͢Δಈ޲ 7 2݄2೔ (໦) ϝλσʔλͷجૅ֓೦ͱϝλσʔλͷछʑͷࣄྫ 8 2݄7೔ (Ր) ϝλσʔλͷϞσϧ ɾԠ༻໨తʹैͬͨίϯςϯπͷݟํͱϝλσʔλͷ Ϟσϧ ɾϝλσʔλεΩʔϚͱͦͷجຊϞσϧ 9 2݄9೔ (໦) ϝλσʔλͷ૬ޓӡ༻ੑɼಛʹΠϯλʔωοτ্Ͱͷϝλσʔλͷ ૬ޓӡ༻ੑͷͨΊͷඪ४ (Resource Description Framework (RDF) ౳) ͱ ϝλσʔλεΩʔϚʹ͍ͭͯड़΂Δ 10 2݄14೔ (Ր) σΟδλϧίϯςϯπྲྀ௨ɼϝλσʔλʹؔ͢Δ૯߹తͳٞ࿦ͱৼΓฦΓ ※ୈ2ճ͔Βୈ6ճ·Ͱ͸٢઒ɼୈ7ճ͔Βୈ10ճ·Ͱ͸Ӭ৿ઌੜͷ୲౰Ͱ͢ɽ