cooperation and trust • Economic deprivation • Ethnic heterogeneity • Residential instability 5 Sampson, R. J., et al. (1989). Community structure and crime: Testing social- disorganization theory. American journal of sociology SOCIAL DISORGANIZATION
rates in small areas: a new mixed model for spatial dependence." Statistical models in epidemiology, the environment, and clinical trials. log & = ( * * , *-. + CAR process Auto-correlation matrix Features (e.g. disadvantage) Crime in a district (ground truth) SOCIAL DISORGANIZATION
most influential people in urban planning 14 Jacobs, Jane. The death and life of great American cities. Vintage, 1961 Informal surveillance: Guardianship by ordinary citizen, and police BUILT ENVIRONMENT
2. Small blocks 3. Aged buildings 4. Density 19 De Nadai, Marco, et al. "The death and life of great Italian cities: a mobile phone data perspective." WWW, 2016. OpenStreetMap + census! BUILT ENVIRONMENT
, *-. + CAR process Spatial matrix Features (e.g. land use mix) Crime in a district (ground truth) De Nadai, Marco, et al. "The death and life of great Italian cities: a mobile phone data perspective." WWW, 2016.
Violent crime effects on structural isolation and homophily in inter-neighborhood commuting networks." Social networks 51 (2017) • People are everyday exposed to different conditions and places • Poorly connected neighborhoods weaken cooperation • Mobility affects crime MOBILITY