The road to open networks

The road to open networks

Open Source has won: nowadays most of the internet runs on top of open source software and we trust it on devices big and small for everyday computing. We’ve come a long way in building trust into open source software, but the landscape was very different a couple of decades ago. This trust in open source has created room for open models to spread to other areas such as Open Source Hardware, Open Data, Open Access, and more recently Open Networks.

Since 2015, the community of The Things Network is building a global, free and open network for the Internet of Things based on LoRaWAN technology. Today, The Things Network is active in more than 400 cities across 84 countries and there are thousands of users worldwide contributing to consolidate the notion that open network infrastructure can be trusted just as much as we trust open source software. Some of the largest local communities of The Things Network are located Switzerland.

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Gonzalo Casas

October 20, 2017
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  1. THE ROAD TO OPEN NETWORKS Building an open and free

    Internet of Things network casas@arch.ethz.ch | twitter.com/gnz
  2. THE THINGS NETWORK A global community, building open source software

    and hardware to operate a crowd-sourced IoT network.
  3. IN SWITZERLAND

  4.  TECHNOLOGY  COMMUNITY  SOCIAL CHANGE

  5. WHAT IS LORAWAN?

  6. LORAWAN • LoRa (Long Range): Radio modulation technique • LoRaWAN:

    MAC protocol for Wide Area Networks (OSI Layer 2 and 3) sensors nodes gateways backend application backend LoRa ip ip
  7. LORAWAN 3 * 10 10 km range 10 USD/node 10

    years battery life
  8. LONG RANGE 2km - 5km in urban setting 40km+ in

    rural setting © ttnmapper.org , Open Street Map
  9. INSANELY LONG RANGE (under extreme conditions) 201 km ground-to-ground by

    Andreas Spiess, TTN Basel http://www.sensorsiot.org/ © ttnmapper.org
  10. INSANELY LONG RANGE (under extreme conditions) 333 km air-to-ground (helium

    balloon) by @telkamp (mapping @jpmeijers) © ttnmapper.org
  11. LOW COST Node/transceiver: CHF 8.5 Gateway: ~CHF 250 (indoor) Open

    source stack + ISM bands Low CAPEX, almost negligible OPEX Photos by @gnz, CC-BY-SA
  12. FREE & OPEN SOURCE STACK

  13. UNLICENSED SPECTRUM Anyone can deploy a LoRaWAN network!

  14. LOW POWER Class A Class B Class C Always send,

    receive after send. Up to 10 years. Deep sleep: ~10 μA TX ~40 mA RX ~14 mA Time-synchronized receive windows. Always-on receive mode. Not supported Support not ready, but planned
  15. LIMITATIONS Bandwidth Payload size Regulatory limits 0.3 bps to 50

    kbps 51 bytes (DR0) 222 bytes (DR4) Fair usage policy 1% Duty Cycle 30 seconds/day airtime 10 downlinks/day
  16. ZURICH COMMUNITY

  17. THE SPARK

  18. None
  19. CORE TEAM

  20. © 2015 Wireless Solutions by IMST GmbH

  21. MEETUPS CORE TEAM

  22. Photo by Ali Soy, @alisoy1502

  23. Photos by @gnz, CC-BY-SA

  24. MEETUPS CORE TEAM FIRST GATEWAYS

  25. Photos by @gnz, CC-BY-SA

  26. MEETUPS CORE TEAM FIRST GATEWAYS GOING LIVE!

  27. Photos by @gnz, CC-BY-SA

  28. Photos by @gnz, CC-BY-SA

  29. Photos by @gnz, CC-BY-SA

  30. COMMUNITY GROWTH MEETUPS CORE TEAM FIRST GATEWAYS GOING LIVE!

  31. None
  32. MEETUPS CORE TEAM FIRST GATEWAYS GOING LIVE! COMMUNITY GROWTH SUSTAINABILITY

  33. SOCIAL CHANGE

  34. None
  35. CAN WE TRUST AN OPEN NETWORK?

  36. Linux is a cancer that attaches itself in an intellectual

    property sense to everything it Photo by Aanjhan Ranganathan, CC BY 2.0 Steve Ballmer, ex-CEO Microsoft and incontinent over-stater of facts 1st June 2001
  37. None
  38. None
  39. THE WORLD RUNS ON OSS

  40. REDUNDANCY CRYPTOGRAPHY -and-running? DECENTRALIZATION

  41. OSS + OPEN STANDARDS

  42. THANKS! Gonzalo Casas Open Network Infrastructure Association casas@arch.ethz.ch | twitter.com/gnz

  43. LINKS https://ttn-ch.herokuapp.com/ https://opennetworkinfrastructure.org/ https://www.thethingsnetwork.org/country/switzerland/ https://bit.ly/onia-dinacon17