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Framework for BEMS

Framework for BEMS

Thesis for MSc in Computer Science degree.

12a43b001bc8ad3bd1c4da9ebc32bacc?s=128

João Pinho

May 30, 2016
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  1. João  Pinho June  3rd,  2016 Framework  Blueprint   Energy  Management

     Systems
  2. Contents >  Introduc+on   Problem  Statement   Related  Work  

    Framework  for  BEMS  Solu8on   Valida8on   Conclusions   2  
  3. IntroducFon Smart  or  Smarter  Buildings     3   Achieve

     being  smart  through  a  set  of  monitoring  and   control  devices  installed  across  the  building  
  4. IntroducFon Building  Automa8on  Systems   4   •  Automa8on  Systems

     provide  the  glue  that  enables  the   monitoring/control  of  those  devices  either  remotely  or  manually   •  Communica8on  is  done  through  dedicated  sensor  networks,  in  a   decentralized  fashion  
  5. IntroducFon Energy  Management  Systems   5   •  ScaKered,  decentralized

     and  basic  hardware  controllers  enable   data  gathering  and  actua8on  over  a  building   •  A  centralized  management  system,  collects  that  informa8on  and   provides  ac8onable  data  to  facility  managers  
  6. Contents Introduc8on   >  Problem  Statement   Related  Work  

    Framework  for  BEMS  Solu8on   Valida8on   Conclusions   6  
  7. Problem 7   Statement   •  Building  Automa8on  Systems  solu8ons

     are  vendor-­‐specific  and   based  in  puRng  control  logic  inside  hardware  controllers       •  Energy  Efficiency  Techniques  programmed  directly  on  hardware   controllers  are  difficult  to  manage  and  update   •  There  is  no  literature  documen8ng  a  framework  for  energy   efficiency  techniques  through  soVware  
  8. Problem 8   Impact   •  Is  it  possible  to

     create  an  hardware-­‐independent    framework     enabling  development  of  applica8on  for  buildings?   •  Can  such  framework  enable  the  deployment  of  energy   efficiency  applica8ons  for  mul8ple  buildings?   •  Such  framework  would  allow  provider  independence,     thus  abolishing  vendor  lock-­‐in  prac8ces  
  9. Contents Introduc8on   Problem  Statement   >  Related  Work  

    Framework  for  BEMS  Solu8on   Valida8on   Conclusions       9  
  10. Related  Work Overview   10   •  Standards   • 

    Middleware  for  BASs   •  BEMS  Commercial  Tools    
  11. Related  Work Standards   Space     Planning    

    Event   No8fica8on     Alarm   No8fica8on   Historical     Data   Scheduling     Scenarios     Standards   EN   15232   ISO   16484-­‐2   11  
  12. Related  Work Middleware  for  BASs   12   Middleware  for

     BASs  exists,  but  none  seems  to  solve  the   infrastructure  problem  referred  earlier.  
  13. Related  Work Commercial  Tools   13   •  EEM  Suite

      •  Energy  Witness   •  EnerWise  EM   •  Planoramix  (JC)   Data   Acquisi8on   Data   Analysis   Alarms  /   No8fica8on   Data   Repor8ng   Real-­‐8me   Monitoring  
  14. Related  Work Commercial  Tools   14  

  15. Related  Work Commercial  Tools   15  

  16. Related  Work Commercial  Tools   16  

  17. Related  Work Discussion   17   •  BEMS  features  are

     known,  therefore  the  variability  of   applica8on  needs  are  low!   •  Middleware  for  BASs  exists,  but  they  are  merely  means  to   achieve  actua8on  and  sensing  over  devices   •  There  is  a  lack  on  the  literature  regarding  the  documenta8on   of  a  framework  for  BEMSs  
  18. Contents Introduc8on   Problem   Related  Work   >  Framework

     for  BEMS  Solu+on   Evalua8on   Conclusions       18  
  19. Framework      for      BEMS      Solu+on

      Security Layer Core Services Layer Data Access Layer Channel Management User Management Notification Services Data Collection Data Querying Data History Application Layer Central Administration Building Energy Management System Data Integration Layer Field Level / Technology Dependent Layer Energy Dashboard Auto Dimming Lumaries App n 1 Data Collection API Device Gateway Service Driver KNX Driver ModBus Other Driver Gateway Driver Gateway Driver Gateway Driver 19  
  20. SoluFon  Proposal Data  Integra8on  Layer   20   KNX-based BAS

    (Network Protocol: KNX) Data Collection Service HTTP JSON Plugin HTTP Meter Plugin IP-based Sensors KNX Sensors IP-based KNX Gateway Device Gateway Service KNX Driver << input source >> << input source >>
  21. SoluFon  Proposal Data  Access  Layer   21   Sources of

    Data Data Collection Service Input Plugins Sensors << input sources >> Actuators BAS Devices InfluxDB Output Plugin InfluxDB MongoDB Energy Manager Service << queries device meta-data >>
  22. SoluFon  Proposal Core  Services   22   Data Collection Service

    Sources of Data Sensor s Actua- tors BAS Devices Influx DB << queries channel data >> Energy Manager Service Channel Manager Channel Categories Channel Notifications REST API Data Processing Service << registers notifications for channel data >> << receives real-time notification >> << receives real-time data streams >>
  23. SoluFon  Proposal Security  Layer   23   StormPath Identity API

    Energy Manager Service Channel Manager Channel Categories Channel Notifications REST API User << unauthenticated request >> << authentication & authorization >> << authorised request >>
  24. Contents 24   Introduc8on   Problem   Related  Work  

    Framework  for  BEMS  Solu8on   >  Valida+on   Conclusions      
  25. ValidaFon 25 Case  Study  –  IST  Taguspark  KNX  Energy  Meters

      MIT - Nucleus 14 Circuit A Hall Lights Ensight Platform Circuit B Hall Lights Circuit C HVAC Supply Circuit C HVAC Supply Applications Energy Dashboard
  26. ValidaFon 26 Case  Study  –  IST  Taguspark  KNX  Energy  Meters

      MIT - Nucleus 14 Circuit A Hall Lights Ensight Platform Circuit B Hall Lights Circuit C HVAC Supply Circuit C HVAC Supply Applications Energy Dashboard
  27. ValidaFon 27 Case  Study  –  IST  Taguspark  KNX  Energy  Meters

     
  28. ValidaFon 28 Case  Study  –  IST  Taguspark  Weather  Sta8on  Meters

     
  29. ValidaFon 29 Case  Study  –  IST  Taguspark  IP  Energy  Meters

     
  30. ValidaFon 30 Case  Study  –  IST  Taguspark  Real-­‐8me  Data  Feed

       
  31. ValidaFon 31 Case  Study  –  IST  Taguspark  Real-­‐8me  Data  Feed

       
  32. ValidaFon 32 Case  Study  –  IST  Taguspark  Admin  UI  Applica8on

     
  33. ValidaFon 33 Case  Study  –  Energy  Ensight  Sensors   Light

    Sensor Light Sensor Light Sensor Actuator Relay
  34. ValidaFon 34 Acredita  Portugal  –  Par8cipação  em  Concurso  de  Empreendorismo

      5ª edição – 2015 SEMI-FINALISTA Framework for Building Energy Management Systems Lisboa, 6 de Junho de 2015
  35. Contents 35   Introduc8on   Problem   Related  Work  

    Framework  for  BEMS  Solu8on   Valida8on   >  Conclusions      
  36. Conclusions 36   •  BAS  by  themselves  are  not  enough

     to  implement  EE  techniques,   soVware  is  more  flexible  and  is  easy  to  update   •  EMSs  provide  closed  solu8ons,  promo8ng  vendor  lock-­‐in  and  are   not  documented  in  literature   •  To  the  best  of  our  knowledge  there  is  a  gap  in  the  literature   regarding  a  framework  for  implemen8ng  EE  techniques  through   soVware   •  We  did  our  best  to  assess  our  solu8on  technically,  prac8cally  and   theore8cally    
  37. joao.pinho@tecnico.ulisboa.pt       João  Pinho   June  3rd,  2016