Ballarat University Siebel Institute’s WBA Concise Course BJCP Recognised Judge Researching old beers since 2009 Self published: Bronzed Brews, Second Edition, 2020 6 o’clock Brews, 2017 and Guile Brews, 2019 and working on the next tome.
& Company, – established 1830 by James Maclay, Thistle Brewery built 1875 • Maclay & Company Limited, 1 July 1896 – Alexander Fraser, Esq., Brewer – Assets included: Thistle Brewery, with new three storey block of cellarage, goodwill, and Patent Rights • Brewery burnt down - 9 July 1910 – Seat of fire in mash house (two storey building), then spread to adjacent three-storey building with tun room, coolers, maltings, engine room and boiler house – Estimated loss £20,000—30,000
Journal: analysis showed 5.5% of extractives, 11.0° of proof spirit, and 0.09% acidity expressed in terms of acetic acid. SG when partly deprived of its carbonic anhydride was 1014. This stout had all the characters of an agreeable beer similar to that made from barley malt. 11° Proof UK = 6.3% ABV Attenuated to 1.014 The Lancet: analysis showed 5.2% of extractives, 11.21° of proof spirit, and 0.32% mineral constituents, containing the soluble phosphates of the cereal. Free from objectionable excess of acidity and possesses a ripe flavour. It possesses a peculiar oaten flavour, which, of course, is quite distinct from that of ordinary stout. 11.21° Proof UK = 6.4% ABV On dietetic grounds there is no raison d'être for the substitution of oat for barley malt, and the flavour is not nearly as good.
improvements in or relating to the manufacture of oat malt stout, that is to say porter, the object being to provide a liquid which shall be rich in invigorating and strengthening properties, and which shall be a highly nourishing beverage. https://worldwide.espacenet.com/patent/search?q=pn%3DGB189504627A
narcotic – Imparts fulness and thickness – Fictitious strength Fabia Amara Bitter Bean – Additive much in use around 1800, widely condemned as an adulterant. – Same genus as Strychnos – Extremely bitter The Theory and Practice of Brewing, 4th Ed., Tizard, 1857, p 442, p426 Hop Substitutes 1 Narcotics 2 Bitters gentian, quassia Bitter is not so pleasant as that of the hop 3 Sources of Tannic Acid Acacia catechu, Pale catechu, Indian, or Ceylon catechu Assist clarification of wort The manual of brewing: scientific and technical EG Hooper, 1891, p 205—206
stomachic Bitters in the Materia Medica; it promotes the appetite, and greatly assists digestion. • Also extolled as a certain remedy for the bite of a mad dog! A Practical Treatise on Brewing, Alexander Morrice, 1834, p126 – 127
Groves 5.8 Flower & Sons 4.6 1912 Light Tonic Stout Eldridge Pope 7.0 Range of oats used 4.6—7.0% TO BREWERS, BOTTLERS, AND THE PUBLIC. Referring to Advertisement by the NOTTINGHAM BREWERY LIMITED. stated to be trading also as the WELLOW BREWERY COMPANY. intimation is hereby given by MACLAY & COMPANY. LIMITED. Brewers, Alloa, that the OAT-MALT STOUT Brewed and Sold by them is not an infringement of the Patent mentioned in said advertisement. The Oat-Malt Stout of Maclay & Co. Limited , is made in accordance with Patent No. 4627 of the year 1895, granted to ALEXANDER FRASER, who assigned it to them. The granting of the Patent was opposed before the Comptroller General by James Rose in whose place the Nottingham Brewery. Ltd., appear now to stand, but the opposition was overruled. JOHN WILSON , Secretary. Maclay & Co., Limited . The Scotsman - Saturday 11 May 1901, p1
Water – Black Full – Bru’n Water % Fermentables 42.1 Vienna or Mild Ale Malt 27.7 TF, Crisp, or Simpsons Oat Malt 14.0 White Cane Sugar 10.0 Simpsons Pale Crystal 104 EBC 6.2 Bairds Black Patent 1180 EBC 0.4 g/L Parisian Essence Caramel Mash 69°C 90 mins. OG 1.061 FG 1.020 EBC 81 IBU 56 ABV 5.4% Boil 70 mins. 29 g Cluster 7.0α at boil 25.9 IBU Tinseth 58 g EKG 4.0α at boil 29.6 IBU Tinseth Add sugar and caramel at 15 mins. Yeast WLP002 English Ale Pitch at 17°C let rise to 21°C Dry hop 2.77 g/L Cluster on Day 4 Carbonate ~ 2.4 vol.
aroma, with a mild roasted coffee, milk chocolate, or coffee-and-cream flavor, and low to moderately-high fruitiness. Oats can add a toasty-nutty, grainy, or earthy flavor. Medium bitterness. Medium-sweet to medium-dry finish, which affects the perception of balance. Malty, roasty, nutty aftertaste. Medium-low earthy or floral hop flavor optional. Medium-low diacetyl optional but typically absent. Mouthfeel: Medium-full to full body, with a smooth, silky, velvety, sometimes an almost oily slickness from the oatmeal. Creamy. Medium to medium- high carbonation. Stronger versions may be lightly warming. Overall Impression: A dark, roasty, full-bodied stout with enough sweetness to support the oat backbone. The sweetness, balance, and oatmeal impression can vary considerably. Aroma: Mild grainy, roasty, coffee-like character with a light malty sweetness that can give a coffee- and-cream impression. Low to medium-high fruitiness. Medium-low earthy or floral hop aroma optional. A light grainy-nutty oatmeal aroma is optional. Medium-low diacetyl optional but typically absent. Appearance: Brown to black in color. Thick, creamy, persistent tan- to brown-colored head. Clear, if not opaque.
p6 CERTIFICATE from JOHN HERON, Esq., F.I.C., F.C.S., Analytical and Chemist, 110 Fenchurch Street, E.C. Analysis shows this sample of Oatmeal Stout to be sound, wholesome, and well- brewed. It is exceedingly pleasing to the palate, is perfectly free from all deleterious substances, and as it is brewed from best materials only, I consider it a very nutritious and invigorating beverage. (Signed) JOHN HERON. 25th August, 1905.
the late 1950s only to be reinvented by Sam Smiths in the 1980s • Well contrary to popular belief OMS did not disappear • Maclay kept going until their demise in 1999 • Youngs of Wandsworth brewed Bottled OMS from at least 1905 to 2006 • Tooheys of Sydney introduced OMS in 1933 and it was part of the product range until the mid-1970s when, co-incidentally, Tooheys started brewing Guinness’s Extra Stout. • So there was no real OMS gap
• Most often described as Silky and Creamy • Not to be confused with a Sweet/Milk/Cream Stout using lactose • Or drier Irish Stouts or more bitter American Stouts • Historic versions used ~ 25% Oats • Select your oats carefully • Tooheys OMS was very true to the 1909 Maclay OMS • The 1930s English versions tended to pay only lip service to Oat content – marketing! • The Anderson Valley version has a noticeably lower bitterness