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Geometric, Orientalizing, and Archaic

February 08, 2013

Geometric, Orientalizing, and Archaic


February 08, 2013

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  1. Art  of  Ancient  Greece:    Bronze  Age-­‐Archaic   Reading:  

    Stokstad,  101-­‐119     Range:   900-­‐500  BCE   Geometric,  Orientalizing  and  Archaic     Terms/Concepts:   Doric,  Ionic,  architrave,  frieze,  porch,   pronaos,  naos,  cella,  peristyle,   stereobate,  stylobate,  colonade,   triglyph,  metope,  capital,  echinus,   abacus,  drum,  volute,  conEnuous   frieze,  shaF,  flute,  archaic  smile,   canon  of  proporEons,  symposium,   krater,  amphora.     Monument  List:     5-­‐2,  Funerary  Krater,   Geometric  Greek,    750-­‐700   BCE     5-­‐4,  Olpe  (Pitcher),  Corinth   Orientalizing  Period,   650-­‐625  BCE.       5-­‐10,  Temple  of  Aphaia,   Aegina,  Greece,  Archaic,  c.   500  BCE.     5-­‐18,  Metropolitan  Kouros,   AWca,  Archaic,  c.  600  BCE     5-­‐20,  Anavysos  Kouros,   Cemetery  at  Anavysos,  near   Athens,  c.  530  BCE  
  2. Overview  of  Periods   Geometric      c.  900-­‐700  BCE

      Orientalizing    c.  700-­‐600  BCE   Archaic        c.  600-­‐480  BCE  
  3. Terraco^a  Amphora,  Dipylon   Cemetary,  Greece,  Geometric   Greek,  

     750-­‐700  BCE   “Horror  Vacuii”   5-­‐2,  Funerary  Krater,  Dipylon   Cemetery,  Greece,  Geometric   Greek,    750-­‐700  BCE  
  4. Rose^es   Blocks  of  Color   Black  Figure  Technique  

    VarieEes  of  DomesEc  and  Foreign   Animals  
  5. Lions   Deer   Goats/Ibexes   Panthers   Boars  

    Geese   Bulls   *Others  include:  dogs,  rams,   rabbits,    sphinxes,  griffons,  etc.    
  6. “Stay  and  mourn  at  the   monument  for  dead  Kroisos

      whom  violent  Ares  destroyed,   fighEng  in  the  front  rank.”    
  7. Doric  Vs.  Ionic   ConEnuous  Frieze   Triglyphs  and  Metopes

      Echinus   Volutes   Base   No  Base  
  8. CriEcal  Thinking  QuesEons   1.  What  is  the  “Archaic  Smile?”

       What  purposes  may  it   have  served?   2.  What  are  the  differences  between  the  Doric  and  Ionic   Orders?    Be  able  to  cite  examples.   3.  What  are  some  similariEes  between  Mycenaean  art   and  Geometric  art?    What  are  some  differences?   4.  What  changes  do  you  see  in  the  treatment  of  the   human  form  in  life  size  statuary  from  the  beginning  to   the  end  of  the  Archaic  period?   5.  Why  is  it  problemaEc  to  call  the  Archaic  period   “archaic”?    Why  did  19th-­‐century  art  historians  use   this  term?