Upgrade to Pro — share decks privately, control downloads, hide ads and more …

Marie-Laure Boucheret - Carrier Phase Tracking at Low Signal-to-Noise Ratio

SCEE Team
March 27, 2008

Marie-Laure Boucheret - Carrier Phase Tracking at Low Signal-to-Noise Ratio

SCEE Team

March 27, 2008
Tweet

More Decks by SCEE Team

Other Decks in Research

Transcript

  1. Page 1 SUPELEC Rennes, 27 mars 2008 back next Carrier

    Phase Tracking at Low Signal-to-Noise Ratio And A Performance Comparison of a Parity-Code-Aided and a Pilot-Symbol-Assisted Approach Marie-Laure Boucheret IRIT-ENSEEIHT TéSA Mathieu Dervin(2), Nele Noels(1), Marc Moeneclaey(1) , Marie-Laure Boucheret(3) (1) TELIN Department, Ghent University (2) DRT Department, Alcatel Alenia Space (Toulouse) (3) IRIT ENSEEIHT TéSA, ENSEEIHT Toulouse This work has been partly performed in cooperation with the TELIN department of Ghent University, Belgium. It has been partly presented at the Ninth International Workshop on Signal Processing for Space Communications (SPSC 2006) in Noordwijk, The Netherlands, September 11-13, 2006
  2. Page 2 SUPELEC Rennes, 27 mars 2008 back next Contents

    „ Problem formulation y Carrier synchronization at very low SNR y Objectives „ Proposed feedback synchronizers y Phase locked loop (PLL) structure y PLL with Non-Code-Aided (NCA) Operation y PLL with Single-Parity-Check Code-Aided (SPC-CA) Operation y PLL with Pilot-Bit-Aided (PBA) Operation „ Numerical Results for QPSK y Estimation of a constant carrier phase y Estimation of a time-varying carrier phase
  3. Page 3 SUPELEC Rennes, 27 mars 2008 back next Contents

    „ Problem formulation y Carrier synchronization at very low SNR y Objectives „ Proposed feedback synchronizers y Phase locked loop (PLL) structure y PLL with Non-Code-Aided (NCA) Operation y PLL with Single-Parity-Check Code-Aided (SPC-CA) Operation y PLL with Pilot-Bit-Aided (PBA) Operation „ Numerical Results y Estimation of a constant carrier phase y Estimation of a time-varying carrier phase
  4. Page 4 SUPELEC Rennes, 27 mars 2008 back next Problem

    formulation (1) Carrier synchronization at very low SNR „ Very powerful channel codes → Communications at very low SNR Correct decoding requires sufficient synchronization performance → Conventional synchronizers are not accurate enough → Carrier synchronization must be improved → New proposed synchronization schemes are based on the exploitation of some form of a priori information
  5. Page 5 SUPELEC Rennes, 27 mars 2008 back next Problem

    formulation (2) Carrier synchronization at very low SNR „ Approach 1: Use the channel code properties for synchronization Information bit source Channel encoder Bits Æsymbols Shaping filter CHANNEL Matched filter Phase synchronization and Channel decoding u a r T s Example: Turbo-synchronization
  6. Page 6 SUPELEC Rennes, 27 mars 2008 back next Problem

    formulation (3) Carrier synchronization at very low SNR „ Approach 1: Use the channel code properties for synchronization Phase recovery without a priori information is necessary prior to the first decoding operation Æ This is problematic with long coded sequences and a time-varying phase error
  7. Page 7 SUPELEC Rennes, 27 mars 2008 back next Problem

    formulation (4) Carrier synchronization at very low SNR „ Approach 2: Introduce additional redundancy for the sake of synchronization Information bit source Channel encoder Bits Æ symbols Shaping filter CHANNEL Matched filter r T s Additional redundancy u c a Carrier synchronization based on the additional data Further processing (including channel decoding)
  8. Page 8 SUPELEC Rennes, 27 mars 2008 back next Problem

    formulation (5) Carrier synchronization at very low SNR „ Approach 2: Introduce additional redundancy for the sake of synchronization: ¾ Redundancy brought by additional channel coding with rate R=K/N: Coding K bits N>K bits Correlation is introduced into the data ¾ Redundancy brought by deterministic pilot bits independent of the user data: No correlation between the pilot bits and the user bits Pilot bits addition K bits N>K bits
  9. Page 9 SUPELEC Rennes, 27 mars 2008 back next Problem

    formulation (6) Objectives: „ Compare the performance of feedback synchronizers based on additional redundancy brought by: - A single parity-check (SPC) code - Deterministic pilot bits „ The same reduction of spectral and power efficiency is considered in both schemes. „ Synchronization performances are compared: - for a constant phase error - in presence of phase noise „ A Gaussian channel model is considered
  10. Page 10 SUPELEC Rennes, 27 mars 2008 back next Contents

    „ Problem formulation y Carrier synchronization at very low SNR y Objectives „ Proposed feedback synchronizers y Phase locked loop (PLL) structure y PLL with Non-Code-Aided (NCA) Operation y PLL with Single-Parity-Check Code-Aided (SPC-CA) Operation y PLL with Pilot-Bit-Aided (PBA) Operation „ Numerical Results for QPSK y Estimation of a constant carrier phase y Estimation of a time-varying carrier phase
  11. Page 11 SUPELEC Rennes, 27 mars 2008 back next Proposed

    Feedback synchronizers (1) Phase locked loop structure Received signal Matched filter Phase error detector Loop filter Estimate updating Buffer (size κ) Phase correction r r i i j i e r θˆ − i θ ˆ x i Ts Loop updating period: κTs
  12. Page 12 SUPELEC Rennes, 27 mars 2008 back next Proposed

    Feedback synchronizers (2) Phase detector output „ The phase loop aims at maximizing the phase likelihood Æ by setting the derivative of the likelihood function to zero „ General expression of the phase detector output: input detector at the samples : ~ κ θi j ie r − ( ) ( ) ( ) m M m i i m i i r l a r l ω θ ω θ μ ∑ − = = = 1 0 ˆ , Pr ˆ , ; where 0 ω 1 ω 2 ω 3 ω μ Q I (« soft » decision) APP ( ) ( ) ( ) ∑− + = − ∝ 1 ) 1 ( ˆ * ˆ , ; Im 1 κ κ θ θ μ κ i i l j i i i i e l r r l x
  13. Page 13 SUPELEC Rennes, 27 mars 2008 back next NCA

    PLL 1 - PLL with Non-Code-Aided (NCA) operation (Independent) received symbols (=> κ=1): … « Soft » Decisions: ( ) ( ) ( ) m M m i i m i i r a r ω θ ω θ μ ∑ − = = = 1 0 ˆ , 0 Pr ˆ , ; 0 r(1) r(2) Detector output: ( ) ( ) ( ) i j i i i e r r x θ θ μ ˆ * 0 ˆ , ; 0 Im − ∝ r(0) Computation of the APPs: ( ) ( ) ⎟ ⎟ ⎠ ⎞ ⎜ ⎜ ⎝ ⎛ − − ∝ = 2 ˆ 0 ) 0 ( 1 exp ˆ , 0 Pr i j m i i m e r N r a θ ω θ ω transmitted symbol Constellation symbol F(r(0),ω m ejθ)
  14. Page 14 SUPELEC Rennes, 27 mars 2008 back next SPC-CA

    PLL (1) 2 - PLL with Single-Parity-Check Code-Aided (SPC-CA) operation (Correlated) received symbols: … « Soft » Decisions: ( ) ( ) ( ) m M m i i m i i r a r ω θ ω θ μ ∑ − = = = 1 0 ˆ , 0 Pr ˆ , ; 0 r(1) r(2) Detector output: ( ) ( ) ⎟ ⎠ ⎞ ⎜ ⎝ ⎛ ∝ − i j i i e r r x θ θ μ ˆ * 0 0 ˆ , ; 0 Im r(0) r(κ-1) Computation of the APPs: ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ) 1 ( ),..., 1 ( ), 0 ( ˆ , 0 Pr ˆ − ∝ = κ ω θ ω θ r r G e r F r a i j m i i m Channel probability Extrinsic probability
  15. Page 15 SUPELEC Rennes, 27 mars 2008 back next SPC-CA

    PLL (2) Example : κ=2, 8PSK, parity code R=5/6 ( ) ( ) ( ) m m app m m m m i i P y y a r ω ω ω θ μ δ ∑ ∑ = = = = = = 7 0 0 7 0 1 0 0 , 0 Pr ˆ , ; 0 ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ∑ ∏ ∑ = = = ⎟ ⎠ ⎞ ⎜ ⎝ ⎛ = = ∝ ≠ ⊕ ⊕ ⊕ = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = ∝ 3 0 * 1 0 0 5 2 1 4 0 4 1 0 5 5 1 0 1 0 1 0 7 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 Pr 0 Pr 0 ... si 0 ,..., , Pr ) ,..., , Pr( 1 , 0 Pr 1 , 0 Pr 1 Pr 0 Pr , , ) 1 ( , 0 Pr , , ) 1 ( , 0 Pr , , 0 Pr j m app m i i j m j m j m j m j j m m app m j a y a y P u u u u P u u u u u u u a a a a a y a y y y a a y y a a y y a P ω ω ω ω ω ω ω ω ω ω ω ω ω Extrinsic probability Channel probability
  16. Page 16 SUPELEC Rennes, 27 mars 2008 back next SPC-CA

    PLL (3) S curve , 8PSK, P=2 , R=5/6
  17. Page 17 SUPELEC Rennes, 27 mars 2008 back next SPC-CA

    PLL (4) 8PSK, B L T s =10-4
  18. Page 18 SUPELEC Rennes, 27 mars 2008 back next SPC-CA

    PLL (5) Performance in presence of phase noise, 8PSK, Es/No=7.8 dB
  19. Page 19 SUPELEC Rennes, 27 mars 2008 back next SPC-CA

    PLL (6) Minimal jitter in function of Eb/No (8PSK)
  20. Page 20 SUPELEC Rennes, 27 mars 2008 back next PBA-PLL

    3 - PLL with Pilot-Bit-Aided (PBA) operation (Non correlated) received symbols: … r(1) r (κ-2) r(0) r(κ-1) Computation of the APPs: ( ) ( ) ( ) i j m i i m e l r F r l a θ ω θ ω ˆ ), ( ˆ , Pr ∝ = L=0,…, κ-2: ( ) ( ) ( ) ⎪ ⎩ ⎪ ⎨ ⎧ ∝ = otherwise 0 bit pilot the involving ω for ), 0 ( ˆ , 0 Pr m ˆ i j m i i m e r F r a θ ω θ ω L=κ-1:
  21. Page 21 SUPELEC Rennes, 27 mars 2008 back next Contents

    „ Problem formulation y Carrier synchronization at very low SNR y Objectives „ Proposed feedback synchronizers y Phase locked loop (PLL) structure y PLL with Non-Code-Aided (NCA) Operation y PLL with Single-Parity-Check Code-Aided (SPC-CA) Operation y PLL with Pilot-Bit-Aided (PBA) Operation „ Numerical Results for QPSK y Estimation of a constant carrier phase y Estimation of a time-varying carrier phase
  22. Page 22 SUPELEC Rennes, 27 mars 2008 back next Numerical

    results (1) 1 10 -2,5 0 2,5 5 Es/N0 [dB] MSEE/MCRB SPC-CA PLL, K=2 PBA PLL, K=2 SPC-CA PLL, K=3 PBA PLL, K=3 SPC-CA PLL, K=4 PAB PLL, K=4 NCA PLL „ Constant carrier phase • BlTs=10-4 ; • QPSK modulation
  23. Page 23 SUPELEC Rennes, 27 mars 2008 back next Numerical

    results (2) „ Time-varying carrier phase ¾ QPSK modulation (gray mapping) ¾ Phase noise model satisfying the spectral template defined in DVB-S2 standard ¾ Second order PLL with a damping factor of 0.707 ¾ An optimal loop bandwidth allows to minimize the mean square estimation error (MMSE) in presence of phase noise
  24. Page 24 SUPELEC Rennes, 27 mars 2008 back next Numerical

    results (3) „ Time-varying carrier phase 1,E-03 1,E-02 -2,5 0 2,5 5 Es/N0 [dB] MSEE [rad^2] SPC-CA PLL, K=2 PBA PLL, K=2 SPC-CA PLL, K=3 PBA PLL, K=3 SPC-CA PLL, K=4 PBA PLL,K=4 NCA PLL
  25. Page 25 SUPELEC Rennes, 27 mars 2008 back next Numerical

    results (4) „ Conclusions ¾ Both algorithms exploiting data overhead outperform the non-code aided scheme ¾ For a given overhead ratio: ƒ The SPC-code-aided PLL performs better at moderate to high SNR ƒ The Pilot-bit-aided PLL performs better at low SNR ¾ For a given SNR, the synchronizer performance of both systems improves with decreasing spectral efficiency.
  26. Page 26 SUPELEC Rennes, 27 mars 2008 back next Numerical

    results (5) „ Concluding example signaling constellation and code rate E s /N 0 required for a PER < 10-7 4-PSK, R=1/4 -2.35 dB 4-PSK, R=1/3 -1.24 dB 4-PSK, R=2/5 -0.30 dB 4-PSK, R=1/2 1.00 dB 4-PSK, R=3/5 2.23 dB 4-PSK, R=2/3 3.10 dB 4-PSK, R=3/4 4.03 dB 4-PSK, R=4/5 4.68 dB 4-PSK, R=5/6 5.18 dB 4-PSK, R=9/10 6.42 dB Operation SNRs proposed in DVB-S2 standard: SPC-code-aided PLL Is better Pilot-bit-aided PLL is better for R=3/4 regarding the data overhead: