FROM ZERO D TO 3D

FROM ZERO D TO 3D

Miguel Pavon, Texas Water Development Board

Transcript

  1. FROM ZERO D TO 3D A LIDAR POINT CLOUDS TO

    3D BUILDINGS GALLERY.
  2. 0 DIMENTIONAL DATASETS • Lidar comes to mind. • Light

    Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) is an airborne mapping technique. • Think about using a laser to measure the distance between the aircraft and the ground. • You know the speed of light is ~ constant. • You can measure aircraft position and pulse interval very accurately. • Up to 100,000 measurements per second are made of the ground, allowing highly detailed terrain and structure mapping and improving as we speak.
  3. HOW CAN YOU MEASURE THE SPEED OF LIGHT AND OTHER

    CURIOSITIES? • How simple ideas lead to outstanding discoveries • Earth is round and big (challenging for flat earthers), we can discuss it after the presentation (if you insist!). • Measure the speed of light. . . https://www.ted.com/talks/how_simple_ideas_lead_to_scientific_discoveries
  4. 2018 A GOOD YEAR FOR LIDAR

  5. None
  6. • + 2019

  7. TO BE ACQUIRED IN 2019

  8. MENTAL EXERCISE • Mental exercise is just as beneficial as

    physical. • Weather is wet and cold for outside exercises, impractical right now, we only have 30 min. • According to a study in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, certain memory training exercises can increase “fluid intelligence,” the ability to reason and solve new problems. • While exercise is good for the brain and the body, so is meditation. • Put on your “GIS” cap and think what, who, how was HERE 1000 years ago.
  9. None
  10. ALL ABOUT DIMENSIONS 0 D 1 D 2 D 3

    D
  11. 10 STEP AGENDA 1. Check that the lidar collection has

    “buildings” as one of the classifications of the point cloud (LP360) 2. Create building footprint polygons (LP360) 3. If Digital Elevation Model is not available create tiles for one using “ground” classified points (LP360) 4. Create a Digital Surface Model tiles using “ground” and “building” classified points (LP360) 5. Create a new raster mosaic for DEM and for DSM (ArcGIS Pro) 6. Create a normalized Digital Surface Model (nDSM) subtracting the DEM from the DSM to get object heights (ArcGIS Pro) 7. Using DEM, DSM, nDSM and building footprints extract the roof forms for buildings and Create 3D buildings (ArcGIS Pro) 8. Enable and symbolize 3D buildings in a 3d Scene (ArcGIS Pro) 9. Review buildings and QA/QC the attributes, fix incorrect roof forms (ArcGIS Pro) 10. Next Steps
  12. CHECK THAT THE LIDAR COLLECTION HAS “BUILDINGS”

  13. None
  14. CREATE BUILDING FOOTPRINT POLYGONS (LP360)

  15. CREATE DIGITAL ELEVATION MODEL (DEM)

  16. CREATE A DIGITAL SURFACE MODEL TILES USING “GROUND” AND “BUILDING”

    CLASSIFIED POINTS
  17. CREATE A NORMALIZED DIGITAL SURFACE MODEL (NDSM) = DSM -

    DEM
  18. USING DEM, DSM, NDSM AND BUILDING FOOTPRINTS EXTRACT THE ROOF

    FORMS
  19. ENABLE AND SYMBOLIZE 3D BUILDINGS IN A 3D SCENE

  20. REVIEW BUILDINGS AND QA/QC THE ATTRIBUTES, FIX INCORRECT ROOF FORMS

  21. NEXT STEPS ? • Conflation • Census • Next Gen

    911 Use • Repetitive Loss • Building type • Appraisal values • Texture • Augmentation • . . .
  22. WE CAN GENERATE 3D BUILDINGS AND PUT THEM ON TOP

    OF THE IMAGERY
  23. AND SPATIALLY-JOIN THEM WITH PARCELS AND ADDRESSES. INFO. OUT OF

    DATA!
  24. BEAUMONT BUILDINGS IN ARCGIS PRO

  25. DAMAGE ESTIMATION: HOUSE AND BUILDING UNDER 4 FT. OF WATER.

    THINK OF 50% VS 10% DAMAGE IN REPLACEMENT VALUE.
  26. QUESTIONS ? • 1700 N. Congress Av. R. B-40 Austin

    Texas, 78711-3231 ph. (512) 463-8399 fax (512) 463-7274 Miguel.Pavon@TWDB.Texas.gov