Data Ecosystem

Cff972b45e6ea7823fd6a2a231c4e659?s=47 Tom Schenk Jr
October 15, 2015

Data Ecosystem

Presented at #OECD5WF at Guadalajara, Mexico on 2015-10-15

Cff972b45e6ea7823fd6a2a231c4e659?s=128

Tom Schenk Jr

October 15, 2015
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Transcript

  1. 1.

    DATA ECOSYSTEM DATA ECOSYSTEM O P E N D ATA

    A S A B R I D G E T O B U I L D A D ATA E C O S Y S T E M T O D E L I V E R S E R V I C E T O R E S I D E N T S O P E N D ATA A S A B R I D G E T O B U I L D A D ATA E C O S Y S T E M T O D E L I V E R S E R V I C E T O R E S I D E N T S @CHICAGOCDO @CHICAGOCDO
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    data.cityofchicago.org Chicago’s open data portal provides almost 600 datasets that

    are updated on a daily basis, ranging from crimes to the quality of water on beaches.
  3. 4.

    data.cityofchicago.org/view/caas-knxs Chicago has released more data, including important items such

    as red light and speed camera violations, problem landlords, and public chauffeurs.
  4. 5.

    OPEN DATA PROVIDES A MEANS TO CREATE AN ECOSYSTEM AROUND

    DATA, WHICH INCLUDES MULTIPLE STAKEHOLDERS AND INITIATIVES THAT EXTEND BEYOND TRANSPARENCY.
  5. 6.

    DATOS ABIERTO PROPORCIONA UN MEDIO PARA CREAR UN ECOSISTEMA ALREDEDOR

    DE DATOS, QUE INCLUYE LOS INTERESADOS E INICIATIVAS MÚLTIPLES QUE SE EXTIENDA MÁS ALLÁ DE TRANSPARENCIA.
  6. 7.

    “Open data initiatives are an increasingly popular component of governance.

    At the national level, Chicago’s open data initiative has been held up as a model for cities that are seeking to start their own open data programs.” - National League of Cities, p. 22
  7. 8.

    We released our automation framework as an open-source project that

    can be downloaded to quickly deploy automated updates. It can be freely used by other governments and improvements can be submitted. ETL Utility Kit github.com/Chicago/open-data-etl-utility-kit
  8. 9.

    Chicago has a large, vibrant, productive, civic community. This is

    led by Chicago residents interested in technology and society. Smart Chicago Collaborative and non-profits provide assistance and city officials regularly engage in meetups and other activities. This group has produced several helpful apps. Community
  9. 10.

    THE OPEN DATA PORTAL IS NOT SUFFICIENT FOR THE COMMUNITY,

    BUT SERVES AS THE TOWN SQUARE FOR A COMMUNITY, PROVIDING A COMMON TOPIC OF CONVERSATION FOR EVERYONE.
  10. 11.

    LOS DATOS ABIERTOS PORTAL NO ES SUFICIENTE PARA LA COMUNIDAD,

    PERO SIRVE COMO LA PLAZA DEL PUEBLO PARA UNA COMUNIDAD, PROPORCIONANDO UN TEMA COMÚN DE CONVERSACIÓN PARA TODOS.
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    Using #opendata, this service developed by the civic community alerts

    individuals to street sweeping activity by providing email, text, or calendar alerts. sweeparound.us
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    The City of Chicago partnered with developers to create LargeLots,

    a website using #opendata to help residents apply to the City of Chicago $1 lot program designed to encourage investment in struggling neighborhoods. largelots.org
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    Chicago Flu Shots was developed to easily find flu-shot locations

    across Chicago during the fall and winter months. This provides an easy-to-use central website built upon open data by a volunteer. chicagoflushots.org
  15. 16.

    This site shows the work completed by city crews and

    is also based on the data portal. It provides summary statistics of potholes filled, graffiti removal, and other work completed by city council ward. chicagoworksforyou
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    OPEN DATA & INTERNET OF THINGS University of Chicago has

    partnered with multiple institutions to build a mesh network of small sensors, dubbed the Array of Things, that will frequently post data for public consumption. arrayofthings.github.io
  17. 18.

    Array of Things The Array of Things will provide hyper-

    local, temporal data on using a variety of sensors: §Sensors measuring sound and vibration §Low-resolution infrared cameras measuring sidewalk temperature §Climate and environmental data, such as air-quality and temperature
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    Sometimes, the terms & conditions were onerous for companies to

    use data. Likewise, people wanted to sometimes correct our data. Data posted on GitHub can be edited by others and comes with a business-friendly MIT license. Open-source data github.com/Chicago/osd-street-center-line
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    The open-source approach also lets users submit corrections for data.

    Like the example above, a mistake was found on the data compared to actuality.
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    Open-source data (and the MIT license) allowed openstreetmaps.org to import

    all of the building footprints in the city, giving the shape of the city to its users.
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    OPEN DATA, IN ADDITION TO OPEN SOURCE LICENSING, PROVIDES A

    PRACTICAL AND LEGAL FRAMEWORK TO SHARE AND INTERACT WITH THE COMMUNITY.
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    DATOS ABIERTOS, ADEMÁS DE ABRIR LICENCIAS FUENTE, PROPORCIONA UN MARCO

    PRÁCTICA Y LEGAL PARA COMPARTIR Y INTERACTUAR CON LA COMUNIDAD.
  23. 27.

    The City of Chicago releases a number of open source

    projects which can be adopted by other cities or modified by outside developers. This allows a greater community to improve city projects. Open Source Projects github.com/Chicago/RSocrata
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    A non-profit which has three primary areas of focus under

    which we organize all of our work: Access to the Internet & technology, Skills to use technology once you've got access, and Data, which we construe as something meaningful to look at once you have access and skills.
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    Smart Chicago’s Civic User Testing group provides incentives and is

    tailored to encourage regular residents to provide feedback on applications, ensuring they reach beyond a technical audiences. Civic User Testing cutgroup.com
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    Hackathons Frequently hosted by multiple groups, helps establish networking amongst

    civic developers. However, these events rarely lead to “Learnathons” Weekend events dedicated to providing free workshops on introductory data analysis and advanced analysis. Using the data portal and open-source software tools.
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    AS GOVERNMENTS REACH OUT THROUGH TECHNOLOGY AND DATA, WE MUST

    ALSO PROVIDE SUPPORT FOR “DIGITAL LITERACY” TO BUILD THE NECESSARY SKILLS
  28. 33.

    COMO LOS GOBIERNOS REACH OUT A TRAVÉS DE LA TECNOLOGÍA

    Y DATOS, DEBEMOS TAMBIÉN LA PROVISIÓN DE APOYO A ”D" PARA CONSTRUIR LAS HABILIDADES NECESARIAS
  29. 34.

    Incorporating a data-driven practice is contingent on leadership, practice, and

    technology. Most cities have the technology framework in place, it just needs to be added. REPORTS DATABASES PORTAL ANALYTICS
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    Built using open source software, WindyGrid is a real- time

    situational awareness system that brings over a dozen data sources together into a single application. This year, it will be released as an open source project. WindyGrid
  32. 37.

    Chicago uses Twitter to “listen” for complaints of food poisoning.

    When we identify a case, a tweet is sent to the user and requesting the case be reported to the city for follow- up inspection. Food Poisoning
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    City of Chicago found 31 factors that predicted when and

    where rodent complaints are most likely in the next week. We used spatial- temporal relationships to create these predictions, which started as an investigation of over 350 different factors. Spatial Correlation Temporal Correlation
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    Likely locations are provided to city staff who then visit

    the suggestions. These suggestions saved 20% of overall staff time.
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    #ENGAGEMENT The City of Chicago teamed-up with the Civic Consulting

    Alliance and Allstate Insurance Company’s data science team to help develop the predictive model. Data from the open data portal was used to develop the model. While other data were considered, almost all of the useful data was publicly available.
  39. 48.

    data.cityofchicago.org/view/2bnm-jnvb Chicago leveraged the open data portal to share data

    with external researchers, leveraging the city’s premiere method of sharing data and saving time on data- sharing agreements. #OPENDATA
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    Restaurants with previous critical violations Three-day average high temperature CDPH

    risk level Location of restaurant Nearby garbage and sanitation complaints Type of facility Nearby burglaries Whether the establishment has a tobacco or has an incidental alcohol consumption license. Length of time since last inspection. Length of time the restaurant has been inspecting. The model predicts the likelihood of a food establishment having a critical violation, a violation most likely to lead to food borne illnesses. Over a dozen data sources were used to help define the model. Ultimately, ten different variables proved to be useful predictors of critical violations. Significant Predictors:
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    Data-driven Status quo 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60%

    70% The research revealed an opportunity to find deliver results faster. Within the first half of work, 69% of critical violations would have been found by inspectors using a data-driven approach. During the same period, only 55% of violations were found using the status quo method. Critical violations
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    After comparing a data-driven approach versus the current methods, the

    rate of finding violations was accelerated by an average of 7.4 days in the 60 day pilot. That means more violations would be found sooner by CDPH’s inspectors. 7 days IMPROVEMENT The food inspection model is able to deliver results faster.
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    OPTIMIZING FOOD INSPECTIONS Impact Discovering critical violations sooner rather than

    later reduces the risk of patrons becoming ill, which helps reduce medical expenses, lost time at work, and even a limited number of fatalities.
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    The project was released using an academic- quality technical paper

    instructing others on the variables and statistical methodology used in the project. In addition to source code, the paper will help researchers adopt this approach. Technical Documentation
  45. 55.

    The technical paper was written as a highly- reproducible “knitr”

    document, allowing other researchers to understand how summary numbers were calculated. Each statement in the project can be traced to an original source. Reproducible Research
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    The data science team has built a website which lets

    CDPH prioritize inspections based on projected risk.
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    http://github.com/Chicago The analytical model will be released as an open

    source project on GitHub, allowing other cities to study or even adopt the model in their respective cities. No other city has released their analytic models before this release. #OPENSOURCE
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    CHICAGO ECOSYSTEM Chicago’s ecosystem is driven by leveraging open data

    and open source solutions for easier sharing amongst a network of partners.
  49. 59.

    THANK YOU Contact Info: Websites: Tom Schenk Jr. Chief Data

    Officer City of Chicago @ChicagoCDO tom.schenk@cityofchicago.org data.cityofchicago.org github.com/Chicago techplan.cityofchicago.org report.cityofchicago.org opengovhacknight.org arrayofthings.github.io datadictionary.cityofchicago.org digital.cityofchicago.org