Low Mass star formation as revealed by warm CO CHAMP+ mapping

Ae8f83b4091e466f4bf699b9be1c0a1c?s=47 Umut Yildiz
November 23, 2009

Low Mass star formation as revealed by warm CO CHAMP+ mapping

Ae8f83b4091e466f4bf699b9be1c0a1c?s=128

Umut Yildiz

November 23, 2009
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  1. Low-Mass Star Formation as revealed by warm CO CHAMP+ ma"ing

    Umut Yildiz Ewine van Dishoeck, Lars E. Kristensen Tim van Kempen, Arnoud Belloche, Rolf Gusten WISH Team Meeting, Nov 23, 2#9, Leiden Sunday, April 10, 2011
  2. NGC 1333 IRAS 4A/B in a Nutshell NGC 1333 region

    Located in L1450 molecular complex in Perseus. Close-by (250±50 pc) (Evans et. al. 2009) Active site of clustered Low-Mass YSOs IRAS 4A and 4B are multiple systems 4A 4B Lbol(IRAS4A & IRAS4B) = 7.7 Lsun 31” (Spitzer Image NGC 1333) Sunday, April 10, 2011
  3. NGC 1333 IRAS 4A/B in a Nutshell NGC 1333 region

    Located in L1450 molecular complex in Perseus. Close-by (250±50 pc) (Evans et. al. 2009) Active site of clustered Low-Mass YSOs IRAS 4A and 4B are multiple systems 4A 4B Lbol(IRAS4A & IRAS4B) = 7.7 Lsun 31” (Spitzer Image NGC 1333) Sunday, April 10, 2011
  4. NGC 1333 IRAS 4A/B in a Nutshell NGC 1333 region

    Located in L1450 molecular complex in Perseus. Close-by (250±50 pc) (Evans et. al. 2009) Active site of clustered Low-Mass YSOs IRAS 4A and 4B are multiple systems 4A 4B Lbol(IRAS4A & IRAS4B) = 7.7 Lsun 31” (Spitzer Image NGC 1333) Sunday, April 10, 2011
  5. NGC 1333 IRAS 4A/B in a Nutshell NGC 1333 region

    Located in L1450 molecular complex in Perseus. Close-by (250±50 pc) (Evans et. al. 2009) Active site of clustered Low-Mass YSOs IRAS 4A and 4B are multiple systems 4A 4B Lbol(IRAS4A & IRAS4B) = 7.7 Lsun 31” IRAS 4a (Spitzer Image NGC 1333) Sunday, April 10, 2011
  6. Aims Most studies so far focussed on the cold gas

    and dust around protostars (so that low-J and lower energies). Trace warm gas by high-J CO observations To understand how CO is excited, is it due to shock or UV heating? Sunday, April 10, 2011
  7. Observations High-J CO observations done at APEX, CHAMP+ instrument 100,000+

    spectra in just 1.5 hrs!! Complementary Observations Low-J lines of CO and its isotopologues are obtained from the JCMT archive (except spectra from outflow positions) Sunday, April 10, 2011
  8. Results CHAMP+ 12CO 6-5 Map Sunday, April 10, 2011

  9. Results CHAMP+ 12CO 6-5 Map Sunday, April 10, 2011

  10. Results CHAMP+ 12CO 6-5 Map Sunday, April 10, 2011

  11. Cartoon Model of Photon Heating of the outflow cavity walls

    that is responsible for the high-J quiescent CO emission. Figure Courtesy van Kempen et al, 2009 Results Cartoon Model Sunday, April 10, 2011
  12. IRAS 4A/B 13CO 6-5 Sunday, April 10, 2011

  13. 15 Obs from IRAS 4A Source 9 Obs from IRAS

    4B Source 8 Obs from the Outflows Results IRAS 4A/4B CO Inventory Sunday, April 10, 2011
  14. The wings of isotopic lines provide a limit to the

    optical depth. Figure shows that while moving outer edges of the line wings the optical depth decreases. 12CO 2-1 and 13CO 2-1 spectra taken from the source and the 2 outflow regions. Results Optical Depth Sunday, April 10, 2011
  15. CO 3-2 and CO 6-5 spectra taken from the source

    and the red outflow regions. By applying DUSTY modelling results for IRAS4A and using RADEX models we found the Tkin as 70-90 K around the protostar and 120-140 K around the outflows. Results Kinetic Temperature The line ratios of two different rotational transitions of the same molecule provides an excellent estimate for the kinetic temperature. Sunday, April 10, 2011
  16. Wrap-Up Summary We present the first fully sampled high-J CO

    map of embedded protostars IRAS 4A and IRAS 4B. In the 12CO map, the lines are spectrally resolved and provide crucial information regarding the dynamics of the region. Our observations allow us to trace and reveal effects of shock and UV heating. Broad CO emission line profiles trace shock excited gas along the outflow axis. Surrounding the outflow and the protostar, the line profiles are narrow indicating UV heating. Sunday, April 10, 2011