The Life of Prophet Muhammad: Chapter 4 Summary

66e68e3827f547267cf7ed6d0db8a98b?s=47 Adil Hussain
November 09, 2019

The Life of Prophet Muhammad: Chapter 4 Summary

Summary of Chapter 4 of Adil Salahi's book 'Muhammad – Man and Prophet' published by Islamic Foundation. The title of the chapter is "The Makkan Scene at the Start of Prophethood".


Adil Hussain

November 09, 2019


  1. 1.

    The Life of the Prophet (ﷺ) Summary of Chapter 4:

    The Makkan scene (Pre-Prophethood)
  2. 2.

    • The overwhelming majority of people in pre-Islamic Arabia could

    not read or write • Poetry was the most respected form of literature and it was a highly valued national and individual talent • The wealthy Makkans had their gatherings close to the Ka’bah; poets attended and read their poems Literature
  3. 3.

    • Makkah was a tribal society and thus it was

    highly important for every individual to know his tribe and his ancestry • The tribe afforded protection to every individual member • An individual would suffer a great deal if he did not enjoy such a protection Tribes
  4. 4.

    • Morally speaking, life in Makkah left much to be

    desired • The affluence of the Makkan people tempted them to indulge in all sorts of vice • Gambling, drinking parties and other sorts of organised entertainment where inhibitions were thrown to the wild were common practice Morality
  5. 5.

    • Deviation from the pure faith of Ibrahim and Ismail

    started long before the birth of the Prophet • With time, the religious beliefs of the Arabs bore very little resemblance to the faith preached by earlier prophets • The Arabs borrowed idolatrous worship from other nations and forgot about their monotheistic faith Idolatry
  6. 6.

    • Idols were everywhere and in every tribe • Certain

    idols were revered by all the Arabs, while others were considered as special gods for special tribes • It is important to remember that the Arabs did believe in God and allocated their idols a middle, intermediary position between them and God Idolatry
  7. 7.

    • Women were treated as inferior to men • They

    were not allowed any share in inheritance and, instead, were treated as part of the inheritance of the deceased • The heir disposed of the wife of the deceased as he pleased, marrying her or giving her in marriage to anyone he liked without even consulting her Women
  8. 8.

    • A man could marry any number of women, divorcing

    them at will and even placing them in a state of no marriage and no divorce • The birth of a girl was received with a feeling of gloom and disaster • Young girls were buried alive by their parents because they were perceived to be a financial burden Women
  9. 9.

    • The Arabs viewed death as bringing the absolute end

    of life • Resurrection and life after death was considered absolutely impossible Death
  10. 10.

    • Despite their vices, the Arabs were not without virtues

    • They rated bravery, faithfulness, truthfulness and hospitality very highly • However, these virtues were overshadowed by the pursuit of pleasure which was the overriding characteristic of that society Virtues