The Life of Prophet Muhammad: Chapter 4 Summary

66e68e3827f547267cf7ed6d0db8a98b?s=47 Adil Hussain
November 09, 2019

The Life of Prophet Muhammad: Chapter 4 Summary

Summary of Chapter 4 of Adil Salahi's book 'Muhammad – Man and Prophet' published by Islamic Foundation. The title of the chapter is "The Makkan Scene at the Start of Prophethood".

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Adil Hussain

November 09, 2019
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Transcript

  1. 1.

    The Life of the Prophet (ﷺ) Summary of Chapter 4:

    The Makkan scene (Pre-Prophethood)
  2. 2.

    • The overwhelming majority of people in pre-Islamic Arabia could

    not read or write • Poetry was the most respected form of literature and it was a highly valued national and individual talent • The wealthy Makkans had their gatherings close to the Ka’bah; poets attended and read their poems Literature
  3. 3.

    • Makkah was a tribal society and thus it was

    highly important for every individual to know his tribe and his ancestry • The tribe afforded protection to every individual member • An individual would suffer a great deal if he did not enjoy such a protection Tribes
  4. 4.

    • Morally speaking, life in Makkah left much to be

    desired • The affluence of the Makkan people tempted them to indulge in all sorts of vice • Gambling, drinking parties and other sorts of organised entertainment where inhibitions were thrown to the wild were common practice Morality
  5. 5.

    • Deviation from the pure faith of Ibrahim and Ismail

    started long before the birth of the Prophet • With time, the religious beliefs of the Arabs bore very little resemblance to the faith preached by earlier prophets • The Arabs borrowed idolatrous worship from other nations and forgot about their monotheistic faith Idolatry
  6. 6.

    • Idols were everywhere and in every tribe • Certain

    idols were revered by all the Arabs, while others were considered as special gods for special tribes • It is important to remember that the Arabs did believe in God and allocated their idols a middle, intermediary position between them and God Idolatry
  7. 7.

    • Women were treated as inferior to men • They

    were not allowed any share in inheritance and, instead, were treated as part of the inheritance of the deceased • The heir disposed of the wife of the deceased as he pleased, marrying her or giving her in marriage to anyone he liked without even consulting her Women
  8. 8.

    • A man could marry any number of women, divorcing

    them at will and even placing them in a state of no marriage and no divorce • The birth of a girl was received with a feeling of gloom and disaster • Young girls were buried alive by their parents because they were perceived to be a financial burden Women
  9. 9.

    • The Arabs viewed death as bringing the absolute end

    of life • Resurrection and life after death was considered absolutely impossible Death
  10. 10.

    • Despite their vices, the Arabs were not without virtues

    • They rated bravery, faithfulness, truthfulness and hospitality very highly • However, these virtues were overshadowed by the pursuit of pleasure which was the overriding characteristic of that society Virtues