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ReactiveCocoa at mdevcon 2014

Ash Furrow
March 08, 2014

ReactiveCocoa at mdevcon 2014

Ash Furrow

March 08, 2014
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  1. ReactiveCocoa Ash Furrow

  2. — Shunryu Suzuki “In the beginner’s mind there are many

    possibilities, in the expert's mind there are few.”
  3. Agenda • Imperative programming is antiquated and dangerous • Functional

    reactive programming mitigates those dangers • ReactiveCocoa makes FRP easy
  4. BNE ADD1 BRA NONE1 ADD1 INY ;increment our counter of

    1's NONE1 LDAA TEMP ;reload accumulator A LSL MASK ;Shift the mask's 1 bit left BNE LOOP1 ;If we haven't finished our loop, branch LDAA #$01 ;load new mask into A STAA MASK ;store the reset mask into MASK TSX ;pull of return address and store in X PULA ;pull off A STAA TEMP ;store the value into temp TXS ;push return address back onto the stack LOOP2 LDAA TEMP ;Load A into TEMP ANDA MASK ;logical AND MASK with A BNE ADD2 ;add one if we need to BRA NONE2 ADD2 INY ;increment our counter of 1's NONE2 LDAA TEMP LSL MASK ;shift our mask left by one BNE LOOP2 ;loop back until we've exhausted positions
  5. Functional Reactive Programming

  6. • Functional • Typically, functions have no side-effects • Programs

    are written as a series of data transformations
  7. Demo https://github.com/AshFurrow/FunctionalDemo

  8. • Reactive • When one thing changes, it effects changes

    in other things • Like a spreadsheet
  9. Functional programming has limits. ! Reactive programming is limited by

    itself. ! FRP is peanut butter and chocolate of programming paradigms.
  10. Functional Reactive Programming • In functional programming, things get hard

    because functions can’t have side-effects • (Every time a function is called, it must return the same result for the same parameters) • In functional reactive programming, time is an implicit parameter • This makes things easy to manage, without using monads
  11. Signals • At the core of FRP are signals •

    Signals send values over time, until they complete or error out • A signal never sends anything after completing or erring • A signal either completes, or errors out, but never both • A signal has no concept of a “current value” or “past values” • It’s like a pipe
  12. Signals • Signals can be chained to transform the values

    that the send • This is core to FRP: data transformation of values sent over time • In math terms, it’s f(g(y))
  13. • ReactiveCocoa is a framework developed by GitHub • ReactiveCocoa

    is an implementation of FRP on iOS/OS X • It’s currently being revamped to version 3.0
  14. Signals • Signals are built on KVO • Creating a

    signal is easy • RACObserve macro • Wraps a @property • Sends a new value for updated property values
  15. RACSignal *signal = RACObserve(object, number); [signal subscribeNext:^id(NSNumber *value) { NSLog(@”%@”,

    value); }];
  16. Signals • Signals always send id, never primitives • Will

    wrap primitives in NSNumber for you
  17. Map • Mapping performs a value transformation on the given

    signal • It “maps” each value sent along the signal to a new value • It then passes that new value along, creating a new signal • This is the canonical value transformation
  18. RACObserve map: subscribeNext:

  19. RACSignal *signal = RACObserve(object, number); [[signal map:^id(NSNumber *value) { return

    [value stringValue]; }] subscribeNext:^id(NSString *string) { NSLog(@”%@”, string); }];
  20. Combine Latest • Combines two or more signals’ values into

    one • Useful for waiting for conditions to be met • Useful for deciding between values
  21. RACObserve combineLatest: reduce: RACObserve

  22. [RACSignal combineLatest:@[someNumberSignal, someStringSignal] reduce:^id(NSNumber *number, NSString *string){ return [NSString stringWithFormat:@"%@:%@",

    number.stringValue, string]; }];
  23. Filter • Filtering allows values that pass some test to

    “pass through”
  24. RACObserve filter: subscribeNext:

  25. [[someNumberSignal filter:^BOOL(NSNumber *value){ return value.integerValue > 5; }] map:^id(NSNumber *value)

    { return [value stringValue]; }];
  26. Bindings • Bindings can bind a property to the latest

    value sent on a signal • Bindings are typically created with the RAC macro • All bindings created with the RAC macro are one-way • Bindings are the secret sauce that hold apps together
  27. RAC(self.textField, text) = RACObserve(self, someString);

  28. NSArray *signalArray = @[self.firstNameField.rac_textSignal, self.lastNameField.rac_textSignal]; ! RAC(self.button, enabled) = [RACSignal

    combineLatest:signalArray reduce:^(NSString *firstName, NSString *lastName){ return @(firstName.length > 0 && lastName.length > 0); }];
  29. Derived State • State is avoided in ReactiveCocoa, but is

    unavoidable in Cocoa • Instead of hacky workarounds, we derive the state from signals • Similar to the last example’s enabled state binding
  30. Other Operators • takeUntil: • scheduleOn: • throttle: • not,

    and, or
  31. Commands • A command represents a unit of work •

    Typically, work that’s done in response to user action • Commands are … confusing • They’ve been replaced in ReactiveCocoa 3.0 by Actions
  32. Two-Way Bindings • Two-way bindings exist, but their use is

    more rare under MVC • They’re more frequently used with MVVM • Created with RACChannelTo macro
  33. Demo https://github.com/AshFurrow/FunctionalReactiveDemo

  34. Demo • Notice subscribeNext: is used for side-effects • Cocoa

    Touch isn’t built on FRP, so we need side-effects • RACObserve captures self in its scope implicitly • Avoid reference cycles! • Network results are delivered on a background scheduler • Use deliverOn: to reschedule them
  35. Model-View-ViewModel

  36. View View Controller Model View Model owns owns Updates Updates

  37. Getting Started • Getting started with ReactiveCocoa is easy •

    Install ReactiveCocoa in your project (CocoaPods or submodule) • Start by replacing KVO methods with RACObserve • Use subscribeNext: for side-effects
  38. http://leanpub.com/iosfrp

  39. @ashfurrow http://ashfurrow.com