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JATS and Its Role in Scholarly Publishing / JATS-Con-Asia-20151019-02-Bruce-Rosenblum

JATS and Its Role in Scholarly Publishing / JATS-Con-Asia-20151019-02-Bruce-Rosenblum

JATS-Con Asia
Monday, October 19, 2015
http://jats-con-asia.strikingly.com/

Keynote Speaker 2 "JATS and Its Role in Scholarly Publishing"
-Bruce Rosenblum, Inera Inc. (NISO JATS Standing Committee)
Abstract: http://jats-con-asia.strikingly.com/#speakers
Materials: https://speakerdeck.com/jatsconasiasc/jats-con-asia-20151019-02-bruce-rosenblum
Video: https://vimeo.com/150207020

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Transcript

  1. Inera Inc
    Bruce D. Rosenblum
    CEO, Inera Incorporated
    Member, NISO JATS Standing Committee
    JATS-Con Asia 19 October 2015
    JATS and Its Role in Scholarly
    Publishing

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  2. Inera Inc
    Overview
    • NLM and JATS evolution
    • JATS internationalization features
    • JATS and the standards ecosystem
    • New JATS uses
    • JATS future

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  3. Inera Inc
    NLM and JATS Evolution
    • Before NLM DTD
    • ISO 12083
    • Publisher-specific DTDs
    • Interchange challenges
    • NLM DTD
    • Project start: 2002
    • Project requirements
    • PubMed Central production
    • Harvard (later Portico/JSTOR/ITHAKA) archive
    • Funded by NLM and Mellon Foundation

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  4. Inera Inc
    NLM DTD Goals
    • Capture content and semantics not look-and-feel
    • DTD for markup of journal articles
    • Article/journal/issue metadata
    • Full text journal content
    • Back matter and reference lists
    • Support all scholarly disciplines
    • Document analysis focused on non-life sciences
    • e.g. Archeology, Physics, Economics, History…

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  5. Inera Inc
    NLM DTD Characteristics
    • Flexible and generalized structures
    • Flexible elements: named-content, private-char
    • Information classing attributes: @content-type.
    @specific-use
    • Easy to customize or extend
    • Ease of DTDàDTD transformation

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  6. Inera Inc
    NLM Evolves Into JATS
    • Version 1.0: released April 2003
    • Version 2.0: released December 2004
    • Broader adoption starts in 2005
    • Version 2.3: released March 2007
    • Version 3.0: released November 2008
    • Moves to NISO, renamed JATS: July 2009
    • First JATS-Con: November 2010
    • JATS 1.0: released August 2012
    • JATS 1.1d3: released March 2015
    • JATS 1.1: at vote

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  7. Inera Inc
    JATS Today
    • International Standard
    • ANSI/NISO Z39.96
    • Supports all languages
    • Proven technology
    • Widely adopted by scholarly publishers
    • Used globally
    • Excellent tool support
    • Vendor-neutral
    • Common standard for publishers, printers, hosts
    • Foundation for efficient publishing workflows

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  8. Inera Inc
    NISO JATS Standing Committee
    Soichi Tokizane Aichi University
    Mark Doyle American Physical Society
    Nikos Markantonatos Atypon Systems Inc.
    Evan Owens Cenveo Publisher Services
    Mary McRae Dartmouth Journal Services
    Nick Nunes Highwire Press
    Bruce Rosenblum Inera Inc.
    John Meyer ITHAKA/JSTOR/Portico
    Ardie Bausenbach Library of Congress
    Alex Wade Microsoft Corporation
    Debbie Lapeyre Mulberry Technologies, Inc.
    B. Tommie Usdin (co-chair) Mulberry Technologies, Inc.
    Jeffrey Beck (co-chair) National Library of Medicine (NLM)
    Laura Randall National Library of Medicine (NLM)
    Kirsten Howard Silverchair
    Kevin Hawkins University of North Texas

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  9. Inera Inc
    JATS Internationalization Features
    • Publishing beyond English
    • Multiple language metadata
    • Multiple script metadata
    • Multiple language documents

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  10. Inera Inc
    Publishing Beyond English
    • NLM anticipated non-English articles
    • Full Unicode support
    • xml:lang
    • Default value:
    • NLM included xml:lang for many elements
    • JATS 1.0 includes xml:lang for most elements

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  11. Inera Inc
    JATS 1.1 Internationalization Additions

    • Based on HTML5 recommendation
    • JATS 1.1d1 incompatible with 1.1d2/1.1d3
    • See example at http://jats.nlm.nih.gov/publishing/tag-
    library/1.1d3/element/ruby.html

    • Date name based on an event, political ruler, or
    characterization of a timespan

    1725昭和

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  12. Inera Inc
    Multiple Language Metadata
    • Metadata translated to one or more languages
    • Supported by NLM and JATS
    • Paired elements
    • and
    • and
    • Repeating elements with xml:lang
    • Keyword group, copyright-statement
    heated air
    加温空気

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  13. Inera Inc
    Multiple Script Metadata
    • Metadata written in two or more scripts
    • Alternative author names and affiliations




    科学太郎

    KagakuTaro

    カガクタロウ



    独立行政法人科学技術振興機構
    Japan Science and Technology Agency


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  14. Inera Inc
    Multiple Language Documents
    • JATS expects a primary document language
    • Many Canadian documents are English and French
    • JATS not designed to tag true multilingual documents
    • Useable solution: sub-article
    • JATS accommodates
    • Mixed-language body/back matter
    • Multi-language tables, figures, references
    • Repeating elements
    • Language attributes

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  15. Inera Inc
    Further Reading
    • Lapeyre DA, Usdin BT. Introduction to Multi-language
    Documents in NISO JATS. In: Journal Article Tag Suite
    Conference (JATS-Con) Proceedings 2011. Bethesda,
    MD. Available from:
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK62175/

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  16. Inera Inc
    JATS and the Standards Ecosystem
    • JATS started as a markup solution
    • JATS is a workflow solution
    • Integrates full text content, rich metadata, facilitate:
    • JATS XML quality control
    • Metadata transmittal of submission
    • End-to-end production activities
    • Distribution of metadata to customers

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  17. Inera Inc
    Schematron
    • International Standard: ISO/IEC 19757-3:2006
    • Language to make assertions about presence or
    absence of patterns in XML documents with a special
    emphasis on capturing constraints in human language
    assertions and generating appropriate diagnostics
    • More information
    • Schwarzman AB. Superset Me—Not: Why the Journal
    Publishing Tag Set Is Sufficient if You Use Appropriate
    Layer Validation. In: Journal Article Tag Suite Conference
    (JATS-Con) Proceedings 2010. Bethesda, MD. Available
    from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK47084/

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  18. Inera Inc
    Supplemental Journal Article Materials
    • Joint NISO/NFAIS project (NISO RP-15-2013)
    • Recommended Practice for publisher inclusion,
    handling, display, and preservation of supplemental
    journal article materials
    • http://www.niso.org/workrooms/supplemental

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  19. Inera Inc
    ORCID
    • ORCID provides a persistent digital identifier that
    distinguishes you from every other researcher and,
    through integration in key research workflows such as
    manuscript and grant submission
    • JATS implications
    • element in JATS 1.0
    • authenticated attribute in JATS 1.1

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  20. Inera Inc
    ORCID Workflow

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  21. Inera Inc
    CrossRef FundRef
    • FundRef provides a standard way to report funding
    sources for published scholarly research.
    • http://www.crossref.org/fundref/index.html
    • http://www.crossref.org/fundref/fundref_registry.html
    • See also tools at http://labs.crossref.org/
    • JATS implications
    • (JATS 1.1)
    • Institution ID (DOI, ISNI, Ringgold)
    • (JATS 1.1)
    • container element to hold and
    • Used in address, affiliation or funding related elements

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  22. Inera Inc
    FundRef Workflow

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  23. Inera Inc
    Access License and Indicators (ALI)
    • NISO Recommended Practice RP-22-2015: Access and
    License Indicators
    • Standardizes bibliographic metadata to describe
    license and access details of journal articles in human-
    and machine-readable forms.
    • ALI provides information on whether a specific article
    is freely readable and what re-use rights might be
    available to readers
    • http://www.niso.org/workrooms/ali
    • JATS Implications:
    • and elements added
    in JATS 1.1

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  24. Inera Inc
    CrossRef LicenseRef

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  25. Inera Inc
    CrossRef Metadata Services
    • CrossRef Metadata Services is a suite of tools for
    authorized partners to collect metadata on a cross-
    publisher basis to streamline their own crawling,
    indexing, and linking services.
    • http://www.crossref.org/cms/index.html
    • Takes advantage of CrossRef LicenseRef
    • JATS implications
    • ALI à LicenseRefpermits legal automated crawling
    • CrossRef deposit schema supports MathML
    • CrossRef deposit schema supports JATS abstract model

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  26. Inera Inc
    JATS Ecosystem
    • Key points:
    • Standards are important
    • Related standards allow interoperability
    • Standards integration permits
    • New data integration
    • New publication models

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  27. Inera Inc
    New JATS Uses
    • JATS-Related Tag Suites
    • Online JATS Editing Tools

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  28. Inera Inc
    JATS-Related Tag Suites
    • BITS
    • Book Interchange Tag Suite
    • BITS version 1.0 (based on JATS 1.1d1) contains an XML
    model for STM books. BITS provides a common format in
    which publishers and archives can exchange book
    content, including book parts such as chapters.
    • STS
    • Standards Tag Suite
    • Based on the International Organization for Standardiza-
    tion's ISO-STS will contain an XML model for Standards
    Development Organizations to tag and exchange
    national, international, and consortia standards

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  29. Inera Inc
    New Uses: Online JATS Editing

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  30. Inera Inc
    JATS Future
    • JATS continues to evolve
    • Updates based on:
    • User requirements
    • New publishing initiatives
    • Related standards
    • JATS is framework for new tools and workflows
    • JATS foundation adopted by others
    • BITS/STS cross-membership
    • Inter-group referrals

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  31. Inera Inc
    JATS Future: You Can Participate
    • JATS list
    • Routine questions and comments
    • http://www.mulberrytech.com/JATS/JATS-List/
    • NISO comment form
    • Requests for DTD changes
    • http://www.niso.org/apps/group_public/add_comment.
    php?document_id=10591

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  32. Inera Inc
    Conclusions
    • XML is vital to the future of scholarly communication
    • JATS is a mature XML model for scholarly publishing
    • JATS has a large and active user community
    • JATS continues to expand
    • JATS has a bright future

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  33. Inera Inc
    Questions
    Bruce Rosenblum
    Inera Incorporated
    19 Flett Rd.
    Belmont, MA 02478 USA
    +1 617 932 1932 [email protected]
    www.inera.com twitter: @eXtyles | @edifix

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