A slide deck to serve as an explainer of plagiarism in academic settings, with a personal viewpoint. For my students.
Please cite as follows:
Barba, Lorena A. (2016): Plagiarism explainer for students. figshare.
Shared under a Creative Commons Attribution CC-BY 4.0 license.
PLAGIARISM EXPLAINER FOR STUDENTS
BY LORENA A BARBA
WHAT IS PLAGIARISM?
▸ "Using another person's ideas or expressions in your writing
without acknowledging the source constitutes plagiarism…
[T]o plagiarize is to give the impression that you wrote or
thought something that you in fact borrowed from
someone, and to do so is a violation of professional ethics…
Forms of plagiarism include the failure to give appropriate
acknowledgment when repeating another's wording or
particularly apt phrase, paraphrasing another's argument,
and presenting another's line of thinking.”
— Joseph Gibaldi, MLA Style Manual
YOUR BEST FRIENDS:
BUT I CAN’T HAVE QUOTES ALL
OVER MY TEXT. MAYBE I’LL
JUST CHANGE A FEW WORDS?
WHAT IS PARAPHRASING?
▸ Dictionary deﬁnition: “a rewording of something written or
spoken by someone else.”
▸ When is it plagiarism?
1.only a few words are changed or sentences re-ordered
2.proper acknowledgement to the source not given
BUT I WAS TOLD
PARAPHRASING WAS OK!
WHEN IS PARAPHRASING OK?
▸ Through reading and reﬂection, you have come to
understand the meaning in the original.
▸ You then craft original sentences to convey that meaning
in your own writing.
▸ And you include proper acknowledgement to the source!
YOUR WORST ENEMY:
BUT HOW AM I SUPPOSED TO
COLLECT RESEARCH FOR MY
▸ Note-taking: cite sources & use quote marks in your
notes! Record page numbers for printed work, URLs for
▸ Pre-writing: after reading, highlighting and reﬂecting,
make short summaries of the relevant sources. Organize
these notes, plan your piece, make an outline.
▸ Write and cite: use your pre-writing materials while
composing your draft, add citations as you go, consult
original sources for details or clariﬁcation only.
BUT, CAN I COPY TEXT FROM
PLAGIARISM IS A
Other cultures differ.
ORIGIN early 17th cent.: from Latin plagiarius
‘kidnapper’ (from plagium ‘a kidnapping,’ from
Source: Apple Dictionary
▸ 1st Century Roman poet Marcus Valerius Martialis (Martial)
protested that another poet “kidnapped” his verses.
▸ English playwright Ben Jonson used “plagiary” in 1601:
someone who commits “literary theft.”
▸ 17th–18th Centuries: rise of the concept of copyright in
British and German law.
e.g., Justice Aston in Millar v. Taylor (1769) …
“Authors and Owners: The Invention of Copyright”, Mark Rose.
Harvard University Press, 1993
By John Platts, London 1826 (Volume III, 15th-16th cent., p. 530)
The Hufﬁngton Post,
19 July 2016:
From Michelle Obama”
Examples in Asia.
MEMORIZING IS VALUED IN CHINA
“all written works are copied from others works”
“good writings are very similar”
I STRUGGLE WITH ENGLISH.
CAN I COPY SENTENCES TO
HELP ME COMPOSE?
ADVICE FOR INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS
▸ Time management: plan extra time for composition and
editing; seek help from the writing center.
▸ Integrate: work in groups with students of other
nationalities; speak English with classmates.
▸ Read broadly: news articles, books, magazines, opinion
pieces and commentary. Pay attention to style and content.
WRITING IS HARD WORK …
WHY SHOULD I WORK SO
HARD? I HAVE A LIFE!
MY PART IN OUR CONTRACT
I WILL ALSO WORK HARD…
▸ to make the course meaningful to your career,
▸ to design authentic assignments that you can accomplish,
▸ to foster a good environment for learning,
▸ and to expect the best from you.
Lorena A. Barba, Washington, DC
(c) 2016 Creative Commons Attribution License CC-BY 4.0