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Plagiarism explainer for students

Plagiarism explainer for students

A slide deck to serve as an explainer of plagiarism in academic settings, with a personal viewpoint. For my students.

Please cite as follows:
Barba, Lorena A. (2016): Plagiarism explainer for students. figshare.
https://dx.doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.3792084.v1

Shared under a Creative Commons Attribution CC-BY 4.0 license.

C10c1cc1bd01eb53c616f2d0a1786fe5?s=128

Lorena A. Barba

August 28, 2016
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Transcript

  1. “STOLEN WORDS” PLAGIARISM EXPLAINER FOR STUDENTS

  2. GW BY LORENA A BARBA

  3. THE BASICS WHAT IS PLAGIARISM? ▸ "Using another person's ideas

    or expressions in your writing without acknowledging the source constitutes plagiarism… [T]o plagiarize is to give the impression that you wrote or thought something that you in fact borrowed from someone, and to do so is a violation of professional ethics… Forms of plagiarism include the failure to give appropriate acknowledgment when repeating another's wording or particularly apt phrase, paraphrasing another's argument, and presenting another's line of thinking.” — Joseph Gibaldi, MLA Style Manual
  4. QUOTE MARKS YOUR BEST FRIENDS: “ ”

  5. BUT I CAN’T HAVE QUOTES ALL OVER MY TEXT. MAYBE

    I’LL JUST CHANGE A FEW WORDS? Any Student THE BASICS
  6. “… PARAPHRASING ANOTHER'S ARGUMENT…” still plagiarism

  7. THE BASICS WHAT IS PARAPHRASING? ▸ Dictionary definition: “a rewording

    of something written or spoken by someone else.” ▸ When is it plagiarism? 1.only a few words are changed or sentences re-ordered 2.proper acknowledgement to the source not given
  8. BUT I WAS TOLD PARAPHRASING WAS OK! Another Student THE

    BASICS
  9. THE BASICS WHEN IS PARAPHRASING OK? ▸ Through reading and

    reflection, you have come to understand the meaning in the original. ▸ You then craft original sentences to convey that meaning in your own writing. ▸ And you include proper acknowledgement to the source!
  10. COPY-AND-PASTE YOUR WORST ENEMY:

  11. BUT HOW AM I SUPPOSED TO COLLECT RESEARCH FOR MY

    WRITING? Confused Student THE BASICS
  12. THE BASICS PREVENT PLAGIARISM ▸ Note-taking: cite sources & use

    quote marks in your notes! Record page numbers for printed work, URLs for websites. ▸ Pre-writing: after reading, highlighting and reflecting, make short summaries of the relevant sources. Organize these notes, plan your piece, make an outline. ▸ Write and cite: use your pre-writing materials while composing your draft, add citations as you go, consult original sources for details or clarification only.
  13. BUT, CAN I COPY TEXT FROM WIKIPEDIA? Struggling Student THE

    BASICS
  14. NO.

  15. PLAGIARISM IS A WESTERN NOTION. Other cultures differ.

  16. ADVANCED TOPICS PLAGIARISM ETYMOLOGY ORIGIN early 17th cent.: from Latin

    plagiarius ‘kidnapper’ (from plagium ‘a kidnapping,’ from Greek plagion) Source: Apple Dictionary
  17. ADVANCED TOPICS PLAGIARISM HISTORY ▸ 1st Century Roman poet Marcus

    Valerius Martialis (Martial) protested that another poet “kidnapped” his verses. ▸ English playwright Ben Jonson used “plagiary” in 1601: someone who commits “literary theft.” ▸ 17th–18th Centuries: rise of the concept of copyright in British and German law.
 e.g., Justice Aston in Millar v. Taylor (1769) …
  18. “Authors and Owners: The Invention of Copyright”, Mark Rose. 


    Harvard University Press, 1993
  19. By John Platts, London 1826 (Volume III, 15th-16th cent., p.

    530)
  20. None
  21. None
  22. The Huffington Post, 
 19 July 2016:
 “Melania Trump Plagiarized

    Her Convention Speech From Michelle Obama”
  23. ORIGINALITY: CROSS-CULTURE DIFFERENCES Examples in Asia.

  24. ADVANCED TOPICS MEMORIZING IS VALUED IN CHINA 天下文章一大抄 “all written

    works are copied from others works”
 “good writings are very similar”
  25. I STRUGGLE WITH ENGLISH. CAN I COPY SENTENCES TO HELP

    ME COMPOSE? International Student ADVANCED TOPICS
  26. SORRY, NO.

  27. ADVANCED TOPICS ADVICE FOR INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS ▸ Time management: plan

    extra time for composition and editing; seek help from the writing center. ▸ Integrate: work in groups with students of other nationalities; speak English with classmates. ▸ Read broadly: news articles, books, magazines, opinion pieces and commentary. Pay attention to style and content.
  28. FOR EVERYBODY WRITING IS HARD WORK …

  29. WHY SHOULD I WORK SO HARD? I HAVE A LIFE!

    Lazy Student ADVANCED TOPICS
  30. YOU… HERE’S MY COMMITMENT TO

  31. MY PART IN OUR CONTRACT I WILL ALSO WORK HARD…

    ▸ to make the course meaningful to your career, ▸ to design authentic assignments that you can accomplish, ▸ to foster a good environment for learning, ▸ and to expect the best from you. Lorena A. Barba, Washington, DC
 (c) 2016 Creative Commons Attribution License CC-BY 4.0