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Carolingian and Ottonian Art

3700411ae81a5ba151f9946dcb59c386?s=47 nichsara
November 08, 2012

Carolingian and Ottonian Art

Lecture given Thursday November 8, 2012.

3700411ae81a5ba151f9946dcb59c386?s=128

nichsara

November 08, 2012
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  3. 0˚ 10˚ 40˚ 50˚ 10˚ 20˚ 711 714 670 697

    711 Kairouan Carthage Tulaytulah (Toledo) Mérida Oviedo (c.790) Tangier Saragossa Ceuta Toulouse Poitiers Turones London Sutton Hoo Hamwih Paris Geneva Milan Ratisbon Turin Verona Bononia Florence Genoa Venice Ravenna Rome Naples Taranto Athens Thessalonica Adrianople Varna Constantinople Smyrna Bari Spalatum Palermo Messina Lyon Marseille Barshilunah (Barcelona) Tarrakunah (Tarragona) Cartagena Algiers Qurtubah (Córdoba) Cologne Nijmegen Dorestad Paderborn (776) Hedeby York Scone Winchester Glastonbury Cividale Quintanilla de las Viñas Lorsch (after 764) St Maurice d’Agaune Jarrow (684) Monkwearmouth (674) Reculver (669) Grenoble Germigny -des-Prés (c.800) Jouarre (670s) Ingelheim Centula (790s) Aachen (795) Escomb (670s) Hexham Ripon (670s) Yeavering St Denis Benevento (c.770) Tempio di Clitunno San Vincenzo al Volturno Pavia Lomello San Pedro della Nave São Gião de Navaré São Frutuoso de Montelios San Juan de Baños Santa Comba de Bande Santianes de Pravia Santa María de Melque Canterbury (after 597) Seine Rhine Tagus Ebro Danube Elbe Oder Vistula A T L A N T I C O C E A N N O R T H S E A BA LT I C S E A BLACK SEA M E D I T E R R A N E A N S E A A D R I A T I C S E A A L P S P Y R E N E E S BALTIC PEO P LES S L A V S S L A V S NO RTHM E N (SCA NDINAV I A N S ) SAXO N S F R I S I A N S BRETONS BASQUES B ALEARIC IS CORSICA SARDINIA SICILY MALTA CRETE BAVARIA AQUITAINE ASTURIAS KINGDOM OF THE PICTS SCOTTISH KINGDOMS IRISH KINGDOMS STRATH- CLYDE EAST ANGLIA KENT WELSH STATES WEST WALES NORTHUMBRIA MERCIA AVAR EMPIRE BULGARIA B Y Z A N T I N E E M P I R E U M A Y Y A D C A L I P H A T E KIN G DO M OF THE LOMBARDS FRANKISH KINGDOM WESSEX N 0 0 200 miles 300 kms Centres and Distribution of Luxury Goods c.730 Muslim Umayyad Caliphate date of Muslim conquest Byzantine Empire Frankish Kingdom Kingdom of the Lombards mints represented in the Sutton Hoo burial (c.630) provenance of objects found in the Sutton Hoo burial (c.630) distribution of marble sarcophagi and capitals quarried/carved in Toulouse region, 6th-7th C ecclesiastical structures of which significant remains survive secular (mostly royal) sites with substantial surviving fragments or known from literary sources trade route 670 1
  4. The growth of the Islamic world (seventh and eighth centuries)

    came at the cost of the Byzantine Empire.
  5. In 732, the Franks, under the leadership of Charles Martel,

    stopped the Muslim invasion at Poitiers. M$&Q=#1)
  6. The grandson of Charles Martel is Charlemagne [Charles the Great],

    and he ruled 768-814. -#.)G#$A)!B"#%=A"('=`1)%&G=QA=)"'*)G$#)")PB&%=)"S=#P"#*1)&1) 0'$P')"1)!"#$%&'(&"')"#.) \B=)P$#*)l!"#$%&'(&"'z)@$A=1)G#$A)l!"#$%?1z)I]"Q') G$#)l!B"#%=1zJ)
  7. Charlemagne established his court (seat of government) in Aachen. Aachen

  8. M%"')$G)!B"#%=A"('=^1)-"@B=')P&.B)M"%"@=)"'*) !B">=%2)-"@B='2):NE65;7)I/==)83684J9)

  9. *"++"(,)-,./,,')0"%"1,)"'2)13"0,%) M%"')$G)!B"#%=A"('=`1)M"%"@=)"'*)!B">=%2) -"@B='2):NE65;7)I/==)83684J9) *"%"1,) !B">=%)

  10. Restored plan of the Palace Chapel of Charlemagne, Aachen, 792-805

    I/==)83684J9 !#$1161=@Q$')
  11. Restored plan of the Palace Chapel of Charlemagne. Aachen. 792-805

    I/==)83684J. Entrance. Entrance of the Palace Chapel of Charlemagne. Aachen. 792-805 I/==)83684J.
  12. Entrance of the Palace Chapel of Charlemagne, Aachen, 792-805 I/==)83684J.

    Throne, Palace Chapel of Charlemagne, Aachen I/==)83684J.
  13. Throne, Palace Chapel of Charlemagne, Aachen, 792-805 I/==)83684J.

  14. None
  15. 14-13, Interior of the Palace Chapel of Charlemagne, Aachen, 792-805.

    Throne Throne, Palace Chapel of Charlemagne, Aachen I/==)83684J.
  16. 836842)L'.=#&$#)$G).B=)M"%"@=)!B">=%)$G) !B"#%=A"('=2)-"@B='2):NE65;79) Throne +>>$1&.=)1&*=2)L'.=#&$#)$G).B=)M"%"@=)!B">=%)$G) !B"#%=A"('=2)-"@B='2):NE65;7)I/==)83684J) Altar

  17. Throne Altar Dome Christ L'.=#&$#)$G).B=)M"%"@=)!B">=%)$G)!B"#%=A"('=9))-"@B='2) :NE65;7)I/==)83684J9)

  18. 836842)L'.=#&$#)$G).B=)M"%"@=)!B">=%)$G) !B"#%=A"('=2)-"@B='2):NE65;79) Throne Z=1.$#=*)>%"')$G).B=)M"%"@=)!B">=%)$G) !B"#%=A"('=2)-"@B='2):NE65;79))) 4'.#"'1,) 53#$',) 6%."#))))78+.) 9$$#:) !3#&+.))

    72$;,:)
  19. Charlemagne visited Ravenna and took away an equestrian statue of

    an emperor. Ravenna Aachen
  20. Z=1.$#=*)>%"')$G).B=)M"%"@=)!B">=%) $G)!B"#%=A"('=2)-"@B='2):NE65;79) :6E;2M%"')$G)/"')_&."%=9)Z"V=''"2)L."%D9))@9 7E;673:9)

  21. 7-19, Aerial view of San Vitale. c.520-547. Ravenna, Italy. Clerestory

    Reconstructed drawing of the Palace Chapel of Charlemagne. Aachen. 792-805 I/==)83684J. Clerestory
  22. ;: , :, :" :... t :. " .: :..

    .'Y'.." ..' ...--': i Barn berg j. Goslar k. Ottmarsheim, Our Lady 11 g. Muizen h. Wimpfen im Tal !B?#@B=1)Y?&%.)"S=#)!B"#%=A"('=^1)!B">=%9)
  23. N I I I I a. Aachen, Palace Chapel b.

    Mettlach, "Alte Turm" c. Nijmegen f. Liege d Groningen e. Bruges !B?#@B=1)Y?&%.)"S=#)!B"#%=A"('=^1)!B">=%9)
  24. 14-17, Saint Matthew, Folio 15, Coronation Gospels, from Aachen, c.

    800-810.
  25. 14-18, Saint Matthew, Folio 18, Ebbo Gospels, from Hautevillers. c.816-835.

  26. 14-17, Saint Matthew. Folio 15. Coronation Gospels, from Aachen. c.

    800-810. 14-18, Saint Matthew, Folio 18, Ebbo Gospels, from Hautevillers, c. 816-835.
  27. Angel 14-18, Saint Matthew, Folio 18, Ebbo Gospels, from Hautevillers,

    c.816-835.
  28. Pg. 431B, St. Matthew Writing His Gospel, Lindisfarne Gospels, from

    Lindisfarne, England, c.715- 720. 14-18, Saint Matthew, Folio 18, Ebbo Gospels, from Hautevillers, c. 816-835.
  29. Lindisfarne Gospels, c.715- 720. Ebbo Gospels, c. 816-835. +-,-&#>-&)=-36".32)@9 5;;658;9)))

    H$$0)$G)X?##$P2) WW;6W5;9)
  30. 14-12, Equestrian portrait of Charles the Bald (grandson of Charlemagne),

    9th century.
  31. 6-52, Equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius. Roman Imperial, Rome, c.176

    CE. 14-12, Equestrian portrait of Charles the Bald (grandson of Charlemagne) 9th c. renovatio imperii Romani renewal of the Roman empire
  32. Charlemagne visited Ravenna and took away an equestrian statue of

    an emperor. Ravenna
  33. 6-52, Equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius. Roman Imperial, Rome, c.176

    CE. 14-13, Equestrian portrait of Charles the Bald (grandson of Charlemagne) 9th c.
  34. 6-52, Equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius. Roman Imperial, Rome, c.176

    CE. 14-13, Equestrian portrait of Charles the Bald (grandson of Charlemagne) 9th c.
  35. Crown of Charlemagne, Replica, Aachen, 9th Century. 14-13, Equestrian portrait

    of Charles the Bald (grandson of Charlemagne) 9th c.
  36. 6-52, Equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius. Roman Imperial, Rome, c.176

    CE. 14-13, Equestrian portrait of Charles the Bald (grandson of Charlemagne) 9th c.
  37. Orb of power Byzantine emperor receiving orb of power 7-26,

    Archangel Michael, Constantinople, Byzantine, Early 6th c. 14-13, Equestrian portrait of Charles the Bald (grandson of Charlemagne) 9th c.
  38. Plaque reads (in Latin): THIS IS THE KING OF THE

    JEWS 8368N2)!#?@&`C&$')P&.B) "'(=%1)"'*)A$?#'&'() `(?#=12)G#$'.)@$V=#)$G).B=) :%&$#9)=-36".32)T#$A) /"&'.)R"%%2)@95:;655;)
  39. After Charlemagne, his empire split within decades. German-speaking lands were

    later ruled by three successive emperors, each named Otto.
  40. Ottonian Art named after the period corresponding to a dynasty

    begun by Otto I (ruled 936-973) Otto II (ruled 973-983) Otto III (ruled 983-1002)
  41. Saint Michael`s. Hildesheim, Germany. 1001-1031 (See 14-24).

  42. K=P)\=1."A='.) +%*)\=1."A='.) 14-24, Doors, commissioned by Bishop Bernward, Abbey Church

    of St. Michael, Hildesheim, Germany, 1015
  43. Creation of Eve and Adam God introduces Eve and Adam

    to each other 14-24, Doors, commissioned by Bishop Bernward, Abbey Church of St. Michael, Hildesheim, Germany, 1015
  44. Temptation and Fall Judgment The Blame Game (Stokstad 14-24) 14-24,

    Doors, commissioned by Bishop Bernward, Abbey Church of St. Michael, Hildesheim, Germany, 1015
  45. Expulsion from Garden of Eden Struggling against the land (Stokstad

    14-24) 14-24, Doors, commissioned by Bishop Bernward, Abbey Church of St. Michael, Hildesheim, Germany, 1015
  46. Offerings by Abel and Cain Lamb Grain Cain slays Abel

    Cain Cain Abel 14-24, Doors, commissioned by Bishop Bernward, Abbey Church of St. Michael, Hildesheim, Germany, 1015
  47. Offerings by Abel and Cain Lamb Grain Cain slays Abel

    Cain Cain Abel Rebecca and Eliezer at the well. Folio 7 of the Vienna Genesis. Early 6th century. !$'Q'?$?1)K"##"QV=)
  48. Offerings by Abel and Cain Lamb Grain Cain slays Abel

    Cain Cain Abel The Parting of the Red Sea (Detail), House Synagogue, Dura Europos, Syria, 244-245. U"'*)$G)R$*) 14-24, Doors, commissioned by Bishop Bernward, Abbey Church of St. Michael, Hildesheim, Germany, 1015
  49. The Annunciation Mary Gabriel Nativity

  50. (Stokstad 14-24) Adoration of the Magi (Wise Men) Presentation of

    Christ in Temple
  51. Old Testament New Testament Judgment of Christ by Pilate Crucifixion

    (Stokstad 14-24)
  52. Three Marys at the Tomb Ascension

  53. Gero Crucifix commissioned by Archbishop Gero, Cathedral, Cologne, c.970

  54. INRI (Iesus Nazarenus Rex Iudaeorum) – This is the King

    of the Jews Gero Crucifix commissioned by Archbishop Gero, Cathedral, Cologne, c.970
  55. Gero Crucifix. Cathedral, Cologne, c. 970. Crucifixion with angels and

    mourning figures, front cover of the Lindau Gospels. c.870-880.
  56. !#&Q@"%)\B&'0&'()a?=1Q$'1) 89  U$P)*&*)!B"#%=A"('=)>#=1='.)B&A1=%G)"1)") Z$A"')=A>=#$#).B#$?(B)B&1)#=%&(&$?1)"'*) >$%&Q@"%)"#.b) E9  U$P)*&*)!B"#%=A"('=)#=&'G$#@=)#=%&(&$?1) $#.B$*$CD).B#$?(B)B&1)"#.b) )