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Sense of Community

Sense of Community

What social science told us about the crucial elements making a group of people a real community? Theory and practice to understand elements that could help community builders, leaders and lovers to have more success with their communities



December 01, 2012


  1. Sense of Community Alfredo Morresi @rainbowbreeze

  2. Group vs Community

  3. “Sense of community is a feeling that members have of

    belonging, a feeling that members matter to one another and to the group, and a shared faith that members’ needs will be met through their commitment to be together” (McMillan and Chavis, 1986)
  4. Membership

  5. Membership Boundaries Emotional safety Common symbol system Sense of belonging

    Personal investment
  6. Influence

  7. Influence Bidirectional Cohesiveness Community ownership Consensual validation Individual differences Sharing

    of power
  8. Integration and Fulfillment of Needs

  9. Integration and Fulfillment of Needs Reward Status To help and

    to be helped Success Competence
  10. Shared emotional connection

  11. Contact Quality of interaction Investment Success Importance of events Spiritual

    bond Shared emotional connection
  12. How to measure?

  13. Quantitative measure of sense of community 24 items questionnaire Sense

    of Community Index (SCI-2)
  14. x-2(SCI-2).pdf Links

  15. Thanks Alfredo Morresi @rainbowbreeze Images freely available on @unsplash