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Using vagrant to host WordPress locally

Tom J Nowell

March 19, 2014

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  1. Vagrant Virtual Machines + automation = win Tom J Nowell,

    @tarendai, tomjn. com
  2. • What is Vagrant • Installing Vagrant • Using Vagrant

    • Moving to Vagrant
  3. Installing Vagrant Install Virtualbox https://www.virtualbox. org/wiki/Downloads

  4. Installing Vagrant

  5. Installing Vagrant Install Vagrant http://vagrantup.com

  6. Installing Vagrant

  7. Installing Vagrant Install the Hosts Updater: $ vagrant plugin install

    vagrant-hostsupdater $ vagrant plugin install vagrant-vbguest
  8. Using Vagrant What now?

  9. Using Vagrant Grab Varying Vagrant Vagrants

  10. Using Vagrant VVV is now your web environment

  11. Using Vagrant Open the VVV folder in the terminal and

    type vagrant up --provision to start the server for the first time
  12. Using Vagrant

  13. Using Vagrant To stop the server: vagrant halt

  14. Using Vagrant To start it again: vagrant up

  15. Using Vagrant To destroy the server: vagrant destroy

  16. Using Vagrant To login to the server: vagrant ssh

  17. Using Vagrant To check if it’s running: vagrant status

  18. Using Vagrant vagrant up # start vagrant halt # stop

    vagrant destroy # destroy vagrant ssh # login vagrant status # is it up?
  19. Using Vagrant This gets you: • Ubuntu Virtual Machine •

    PHPMyAdmin • Nginx • WordPress Dev & stable • WP CLI • all listed at http://vvv/
  20. Using Vagrant

  21. Moving to Vagrant To add a site, go to the

    www folder and create: • A subfolder for your site • a vvv-nginx.conf file • a vvv-hosts file
  22. Moving to Vagrant vvv-nginx.conf contains an Nginx configuration file

  23. Moving to Vagrant vvv-hosts is a hosts file with the

    list of hosts to add
  24. Example vvv-nginx.conf server { listen 80; listen 443 ssl; #

    CHANGE THE DOMAINS BELOW AND SAVE server_name tomjn.com www.tomjn.com; root {vvv_path_to_folder}; include /etc/nginx/nginx-wp-common.conf; }
  25. Example vvv-hosts tomjn.com www.tomjn.com

  26. Moving to Vagrant When you’ve done that, put your sites

    files in that folder, and re-provision the server: vagrant halt vagrant up --provision
  27. Moving to Vagrant • All my sites are in MAMP

    • I change files and FTP them up to see the changes • What about our existing sites? • We dont have the time to switch over
  28. Moving to Vagrant vvv-init.sh Gets ran when vagrant provisions itself.

    Lives with vvv-nginx.conf and vvv-hosts
  29. Moving to Vagrant Example vvv-init.sh wp core download wp core

    install --url=”etc.. wp plugin install wpseo wp plugin activate wpseo wp import content.xml
  30. #!/bin/sh SUSER="alantaifirestar"; # SSH user SHOST="tomjn.com"; # remote server SDIR="/home/alantaifirestar/tomjn.com/";

    # remote folder LDIR="/srv/www/tomjn.com" #local folder echo 'starting rsync' rsync -e "/usr/bin/ssh" --compress --stats --bwlimit=2000 -rlDHS $SUSER@$SHOST:$SDIR $LDIR echo 'finished rsync, grabbing database' WHOST=`cat $LDIR/wp-config.php | grep DB_HOST | cut -d \' -f 4`; # get the DB details WNAME=`cat $LDIR/wp-config.php | grep DB_NAME | cut -d \' -f 4`; WUSER=`cat $LDIR/wp-config.php | grep DB_USER | cut -d \' -f 4`; WPASS=`cat $LDIR/wp-config.php | grep DB_PASSWORD | cut -d \' -f 4`; ssh $SUSER@$SHOST "mysqldump -q -u $WUSER -h $WHOST -p$WPASS $WNAME | gzip -9 > backup. sql.gz" scp $SUSER@$SHOST:./backup.sql.gz . # copy all the files to backup server ssh $SUSER@$SHOST rm ./backup.sql.gz # delete files on db server gunzip -d backup.sql.gz # unzip it mysql -u root -e "CREATE DATABASE IF NOT EXISTS $WNAME" # create the database locally mysql -u root -e "GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON $WNAME.* To 'wp'@'localhost'" mysql -u wp -pwp $WNAME < backup.sql # pull in the DB dump sed -i "/DB_HOST/s/'[^']*'/'localhost'/2" wp-config.php # change wp-config.php values sed -i "/DB_USER/s/'[^']*'/'wp'/2" wp-config.php sed -i "/DB_PASSWORD/s/'[^']*'/'wp'/2" wp-config.php
  31. Questions? Tom J Nowell @tarendai tomjn.com