Longitudinal Data and Higher Education Accountability

Longitudinal Data and Higher Education Accountability

Initially presented at the Community College Leadership and Policy Brown Bag Seminar at Iowa State University in Ames, Iowa on September 27, 2009. Recording of presentation here: http://www.cclp.hs.iastate.edu/bb_schenk.html

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Tom Schenk Jr

June 01, 2012
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  1. 2.

    National Student Clearinghouse Student Records Student Courses Student Awards Employee

    Records Faculty Positions Unemployment Insurance Iowa College Student Aid Commission AS-28 [Program Information] K-12 [Project EASIER] [Iowa Testing Services] [CTE Plus]
  2. 4.

    11th Grade ITED: Math 0% 2% 4% 6% 8% 10%

    12% 14% 16% 18% 20% 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 Nonparticipants Average = 65 Participants Average = 79 4
  3. 5.

    11th Grade ITED: Science 0% 2% 4% 6% 8% 10%

    12% 14% 16% 18% 20% 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 5
  4. 11.

    Subsequent Analysis 11 z = β1 x1 ,…, βn xn

    , βy y Outcome Propensity Bins
  5. 13.

    Percentage of Whites by Cohort 0.0% 10.0% 20.0% 30.0% 40.0%

    50.0% 60.0% 70.0% 80.0% 90.0% 100.0% 2008 2009 2010 2011 Participants Nonparticipants 13
  6. 14.

    8th Grade ITBS: Math 0% 1% 2% 3% 4% 5%

    6% 7% 8% 9% 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 Nonparticipants Average = 58 Participants Average = 80 14
  7. 15.

    8th Grade ITBS: Science 0% 1% 2% 3% 4% 5%

    6% 7% 8% 9% 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 Nonparticipants Average = 61 Participants Average = 79 15
  8. 16.

    Evidence of Selection Bias Participants are more likely to be

    male, by a wide margin. Participation by gender holds constant around 90 percent. Students are in the 80th percentile in math and science. 16
  9. 18.

    Wages for employees in most sectors. Provided on a quarterly

    basis. Includes multiple jobs. Excludes workers in some sectors (e.g., military). Does not include hourly wages or full-time status. Only includes employees within Iowa. Unemployment Insurance 18
  10. 19.

    Matching Wage Data 19 • Educational data MIS • Remove

    students NSC • Match wage data IWD
  11. 22.

    Returns on Investment Track wages over a set period of

    time, T. Find the difference between wages between completers and leavers on the student level. Find the cost of tuition. If you assert an interest rate, r, then solve to find Net Present Value. If the interest rate if left unknown, then solve to find the Internal Rate of Return. 22
  12. 23.

    Methodology Assemble a cohort of graduates (completers) and those who

    left college without a degree (leavers). Stagger the cohorts so completers are finishing their final year in college as leavers are in their first year in the workforce. Exclude students who are found in any postsecondary institution. Estimate the tuition expenses for completers in their final year. Cohorts from 2002 and 2006. 23
  13. 24.

    Wages by Year 24 Net Present Value for Completers was

    $3,131. Internal Rate of Return was 6 percent.
  14. 27.
  15. 31.

    Slightly over 52 percent of first-time, full-time students entering in

    2006 either transferred or graduated within three years (by 2008). Success Rate 31 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 2005 2006
  16. 32.

    32

  17. 33.

    The three year graduation rate for first-time, full-time students rose

    slightly to 39.1 percent for the 2006 cohort. The graduation rate has fluctuated, but stayed ahead of the national graduation rate (33 percent). Graduation Rate 33 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
  18. 34.

    Time-to-degree rose slightly to 2.4 years for the 2004 cohort

    from 2.3 years. Time to Degree 34 0 1 2 2003 2004
  19. 35.

    Accountability Systems Measuring the effectiveness of institutions through student outcomes.

    Desirable qualities of accountability measures: 1. Specifically measures the effectiveness of the institution, not other factors. 2. Measures improvement. 3. Flexible to accommodate a variety of outcomes. The current traditional measures cannot capture these elements. 35
  20. 36.

    Accountability Systems Issues with graduation/success rate: 1. Denominator debate. 2.

    Selection bias. 3. Positive feedback mechanism. Solutions: Use the same methods that assist with Project Lead The Way evaluations. 36
  21. 40.

    Obtaining Data Contact your major professor and/or the Department of

    Education. Education data can be obtained from the Department of Education, other data (e.g., UI records) will need special permission. Data is distributed de-identified and must be returned or destroyed at the completion of the research study. Obtaining data is relatively low-cost, nominal fee (<$100) for a secure flash drive. 40
  22. 41.

    Tom Schenk Jr. Consultant – Institutional Effectiveness & Accountability Iowa

    Department of Education Phone: 515-281-3753 E-mail: tom.schenk@iowa.gov