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第二言語習得と外国語教育における 「文法知識」の位置づけ

Ken Urano
February 14, 2020

第二言語習得と外国語教育における 「文法知識」の位置づけ

@ビジネスセンター Keep Front
2020. 2. 16.

Ken Urano

February 14, 2020

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  1. Yoichi doesn’t have a driver’s license. Luckily, his apartment is

    close to his workplace, so he walk to his office every day. Please read the following passage.
  2. Yoichi doesn’t have a driver’s license. Luckily, his apartment is

    close to his workplace, so he walk to his office every day. walks
  3. Mike said that Robert shaved him. Mike Robert R M

    http://www.flickr.com/photos/rockmixer/2832611130/ Mike said that Robert shaved himself.
  4. ͜͜Ͱ͍͏ʮจ๏ʯ “[Grammatical competence] will be understood to include knowledge of

    lexical items and of rules of morphology, syntax, sentence-grammar semantics, and phonology.” (Canale & Swain, 1980, p. 29)
  5. %#* $(' !&(' ) !&(' ('    

    ,"  ,"  +         *(' ҉ࣔత஌ࣝͱखଓ͖త஌ࣝ ਤ̍ɽએݴతɾखଓ͖త஌ࣝͱ໌ࣔతɾ҉ࣔత஌ࣝͷؔ܎

    ਤ̎ɽڧ͍ΠϯλʔϑΣΠεͷཱ৔ ΠϯλʔϑΣΠε໰୊

    ਤ̏ɽϊʔɾΠϯλʔϑΣΠεͷཱ৔ ΠϯλʔϑΣΠε໰୊

    ਤ̐ɽऑ͍ΠϯλʔϑΣΠεͷཱ৔ ΠϯλʔϑΣΠε໰୊
  9. ֎ࠃޠڭҭʹ͓͚Δʮ࿅शʯ • “We define practice as specific activities in the

    second language engaged in systematically, deliberately, with the goal of developing knowledge of and skills in the second language.” (DeKeyser, 2007, p.1)
  10. %#* $(' !&(' ) !&(' ('    

    ,"  ,"  +         *(' ·ͱΊ ਤ̑ɽએݴతɾखଓ͖త஌ࣝͱ໌ࣔతɾ҉ࣔత஌ࣝͷؔ܎ ʢऑ͍ΠϯλʔϑΣΠεͷཱ৔ʣ
  11. Summary ·ͱΊ • จ๏نଇͷཧ࿦తഎܠ • ໌ࣔత஌ࣝɾ҉ࣔత஌ࣝ • એݴత஌ࣝɾखଓ͖త஌ࣝ • ऑ͍ΠϯλʔϑΣΠεͷཱ৔

    • ίϛϡχέʔγϣϯͰʮ࢖͑Δʯจ๏஌ࣝ • ֎ࠃޠڭҭʹ͓͚Δʮ࿅शʯ Ken Urano [email protected] https://www.urano-ken.com/research/methoken2020 ≠ =
  12. • Bley-Vroman, R. (1989). What is the logical problem of

    foreign language learning? In S. M. Gass & J. Schachter (Eds.), Linguistic perspectives on second language acquisition (pp. 41–68). Cambridge University Press. • Bowles, M. A. (2011). Measuring implicit and explicit linguistic knowledge: What can heritage language learners contribute? Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 33, 247–271. https://doi.org/10.1017/ S0272263110000756 • Canale, M., & Swain, M. (1980). Theoretical bases of communicative approaches to second language teaching and testing. Applied Linguistics, 1, 1–47. https://doi.org/10.1093/applin/i.1.1 • DeKeyser, R. M. (Ed.). (2007). Practice in a second language: Perspective from applied linguistics and cognitive psychology. Cambridge University Press. • DeKeyser, R. M. (2015). Skill Acquisition Theory. In B. VanPatten & J. Williams (Eds.), Theories in second language acquisition: An introduction (2nd ed.) (pp. 94–112). London: Routledge. • Ellis, R. (2005). Measuring implicit and explicit knowledge of a second language: A psychometric study. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 27, 141–172. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0272263105050096 • Ellis, R., Loewen, S., Elder, C., Erlam, R., Philp, J., & Reinders, H. (2009). Implicit and explicit knowledge in second language learning, testing and teaching. Bristol: Multilingual Matters. • Hulstijn , J. H . (2002). Towards a unified account of the representation, processing, and acquisition of second language knowledge. Second Language Research, 18, 193–223. https://doi.org/10.1191/0267658302sr207oa • Krashen, S. D. (1981). Second language acquisition and second language learning. Oxford: Pergamon. • Krashen, S. D. (1985). The input hypothesis: Issues and implications. New York: Longman. • Long, M. H. (1983). Does second language instruction make a difference? A review of research. TESOL Quarterly, 17, 359–82. https://doi.org/10.2307/3586253 • VanPatten, B. (1996). Input processing and grammar instruction: Theory and research. Norwood, NJ: Ablex. • Wakabayashi, S. (1997). The acquisition of functional categories by learners of English. Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Cambridge. References