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The evolution of assistive technology into everyday products

Nic Steenhout
February 28, 2013

The evolution of assistive technology into everyday products

Assistive Technologies 1st developed for people with disabilities often end up in everyday products. These products are then readopted people with disabilities. Looking at universal vs disability design. The presentation reviews this process and discusses several items and their history, such as Segway, speech-to-text, keyboards, eye-gaze, etc.

Nic Steenhout

February 28, 2013
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  1. The Evolution of
    Assistive Technology
    into Everyday Products
    Confoo
    February 2013
    Montréal
    By: Nicolas Steenhout
    And Back...

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  2. Technology?
    Technology != Only computers
    Presentation available at: http://wix.nu/Fe

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  3. Universal Design
    “broad-spectrum solution that produces
    buildings, products and environments that
    are usable and effective for everyone, not
    just people with disabilities” – Wikipedia
    As opposed to “disability design”
    Presentation available at: http://wix.nu/Fe

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  4. Some Universal Designs
    Presentation available at: http://wix.nu/Fe

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  5. Universal Design Fail
    Presentation available at: http://wix.nu/Fe

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  6. Thinking Outside The Box
    Necessity is the Mother of Invention
    Eliminating barriers
    Wheelchair footrest problem
    Presentation available at: http://wix.nu/Fe

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  7. Margaret Pfrommer
    Paralysed “from the neck down”
    Pioneered Sip and Puff
    Communication aids (text typing)
    Environmental controllers (page turner)
    Telephone exchange
    Presentation available at: http://wix.nu/Fe

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  8. Keyboards / Typewriters
    Hansen Writing Ball (1865)
    Maltron Left-Handed Keyboard (1990’s)
    Presentation available at: http://wix.nu/Fe

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  9. Speech-to-Text
    Primary development reason: disability
    Dragon NaturallySpeaking
    Aircraft pilots
    Home automation
    Hands-free computing / telephony
    Presentation available at: http://wix.nu/Fe

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  10. Text-to-Speech
    Speech Synthesis not new
    Strong development push from Blind users
    GPS / Driving directions
    Games development
    Presentation available at: http://wix.nu/Fe

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  11. iBOT - Segway
    Gyroscope technology
    iBOT discontinued
    Segway sales increase
    Use technology for people with disabilities
    Presentation available at: http://wix.nu/Fe

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  12. Eye Gaze
    Cell phones
    Communication – keyboard
    Translation Aid
    Presentation available at: http://wix.nu/Fe

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  13. Brainwave
    Locked-in Syndrome.
    Wheelchair users. Etc.
    Using brainwave to
    tweet (communicate)
    EPOC headset
    Wheelchair control
    Gaming
    And more!!!
    Presentation available at: http://wix.nu/Fe

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  14. What Next?
    Improved hardware – minimal neural
    headsets, etc
    Paradigm change – adoption of Universal
    Design
    Lower costs
    Improved awareness
    Greater synergy
    Presentation available at: http://wix.nu/Fe

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  15. English / Français
    Les questions en français sont bienvenues
    Presentation available at: http://wix.nu/Fe

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