Sequestration 90% of gross emissions Data source: Centre for Sustainable Energy/University of Exeter Impact Tool (All 14 ‘pan-Hampshire’ Districts summed, includes power generation via share of use) All GHGs + aviation + shipping
BEIS sub-regional fuel poverty estimates 2019, sub-national energy use 2019, DCLG Index of Multiple Deprivation 2019, LSOA More deprived areas have higher fuel poverty More deprived areas use less gas & electricity Higher fuel poverty areas (generally) use less energy
– Emissions reduction – Energy security – Co-benefits Image: Ashden Toolkit For Councils • Less obvious – Avoids capital intensive generation over-build – Avoids capital intensive distribution network over-build NegaWatts are the cheapest generation Centre for Research on Energy Demand Solutions
Local economic opportunities – Local renewable £ may be cheaper than UK ‘wholesale’ £ • Less obvious: – Mitigates distribution network constraints – Local energy storage and flexibility Smart Local Energy Systems Vigurs et al EnergyRev
75% of installed • 597 GWh/year* • This is… – 8% of total 2019 electricity use – 1% of total 2019 energy use * Source: Carbon Trust Source: BEIS Local Authority Renewable Electricity Capacity ? ? ? ? EnergyRev Community Energy Projects Mapping ?
Networks – Resources, infrastructures and uses co-evolve • Consequences: – Consider buildings as an extension of the energy system – Understand that demand is dynamic – Understand that markets do not (often) deliver equitably – Focus on the value of measured energy use data
systemic & spatial – Reducing demand • Where & for whom? – Increasing renewables • Where & for what purpose? • Knowledge Gaps – Area-level retrofit prioritisation? – Spatial distribution and timing of demand? – Potential local energy resources? – Energy network capacities & constraints? – Local Energy Planning toolkits? Where next? Capturing the £ locally Easing the network Energy efficiency programmes & planning policies Community Energy & Energy Innovation Zone programme Transport Flexibility & local balancing Community Energy & Energy Innovation Zone programme