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Going Beyond Secure Smart Nation

Going Beyond Secure Smart Nation

Talk at GovWare.sg 2015 about the Smart Nation. This is about the need for open source priniciples to be used in creating a smart nation and the tech around it. it also discusses the need for smart energy and possibly using LFTR as a solution.

Harish Pillay

October 06, 2015
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  1. Going Beyond a Secure
    Smart Nation
    Harish Pillay [email protected]
    Head, Community Architecture and Leadership
    Red Hat Asia Pacific
    October 6, 2015, GovWare 2015, Singapore

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  2. “Look at your fish” *
    * apologies to Samuel Scudder - http://grammar.about.com/od/classicessays/a/Look-At-Your-Fish-By-Samuel-H-Scudder.htm

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  3. Haemulon
    CC BY Brian Gratwicke
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haemulon#/media/File:Haemulon_flavolineat
    um_French_grunt.jpg

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  4. Samuel Hubbard Scudder
    https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Samuel_H
    ubbard_Scudder_1837-
    1911.jpg#/media/File:Samuel_Hubbard_Scudder_183
    7-1911.jpg
    Professor Louis Agassiz
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_Agassiz

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  5. “Look at your fish” *
    * apologies to Samuel Scudder - http://grammar.about.com/od/classicessays/a/Look-At-Your-Fish-By-Samuel-H-Scudder.htm

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  6. “Look at your fish”
    Smart Nation

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  7. Smart Nation

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  8. Secure Smart Nation

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  9. How would you ...

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  10. … recognize a Smart Nation?

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  11. … a Secure Smart Nation?

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  12. 1) Instrumented to collect data
    Characteristics of a Smart City
    Source: http://www.iso.org/iso/smart_cities_report-jtc1.pdf

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  13. 1) Instrumented to collect data
    2) Aggregation of collected data
    Characteristics of a Smart City
    Source: http://www.iso.org/iso/smart_cities_report-jtc1.pdf

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  14. 1) Instrumented to collect data
    2) Aggregation of collected data
    3) Detailed, measurable and real-time knowledge
    Characteristics of a Smart City
    Source: http://www.iso.org/iso/smart_cities_report-jtc1.pdf

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  15. 1) Instrumented to collect data
    2) Aggregation of collected data
    3) Detailed, measurable and real-time knowledge
    4) Analytics and decision making systems
    Characteristics of a Smart City
    Source: http://www.iso.org/iso/smart_cities_report-jtc1.pdf

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  16. 1) Instrumented to collect data
    2) Aggregation of collected data
    3) Detailed, measurable and real-time knowledge
    4) Analytics and decision making systems
    5) Automated functions
    Characteristics of a Smart City
    Source: http://www.iso.org/iso/smart_cities_report-jtc1.pdf

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  17. 1) Instrumented to collect data
    2) Aggregation of collected data
    3) Detailed, measurable and real-time knowledge
    4) Analytics and decision making systems
    5) Automated functions
    6) Collaborative spaces
    Characteristics of a Smart City
    Source: http://www.iso.org/iso/smart_cities_report-jtc1.pdf

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  18. 1) Instrumented to collect data
    2) Aggregation of collected data
    3) Detailed, measurable and real-time knowledge
    4) Analytics and decision making systems
    5) Automated functions
    6) Collaborative spaces
    7) Open and inclusive decision making process
    Characteristics of a Smart City
    Source: http://www.iso.org/iso/smart_cities_report-jtc1.pdf

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  19. 1) Instrumented to collect data
    2) Aggregation of collected data
    3) Detailed, measurable and real-time knowledge
    4) Analytics and decision making systems
    5) Automated functions
    6) Collaborative spaces
    7) Open and inclusive decision making process
    Characteristics of a Smart Nation
    Source: http://www.iso.org/iso/smart_cities_report-jtc1.pdf

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  20. What does it mean when
    those characteristics are
    evident?

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  21. How would these systems
    that provide the smarts,
    be sustained?

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  22. Consider the following

    It's SN10 (Smart Nation Year 10 [SG50+x])

    All public spaces are instrumented and data is
    flowing into vast repositories

    Very Near real time data analytics gives us all
    significant information about our surroundings

    All data (even from sensors) are encrypted

    All networks under constant attack (cyber)

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  23. Now consider
    Power stations start failing

    Backup generators fire up and provide temporary
    relief

    Battery systems take over

    Data from sensors are now not reaching their
    collectors

    Smart Nation subsystems progressively become
    isolated

    No definitive means to make decisions

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  24. Have we considered
    smart energy?

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  25. Are we there yet with
    smart energy?

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  26. Are we there yet with
    smart energy?
    I don't know.

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  27. “Look at your fish” *
    * apologies to Samuel Scudder - http://grammar.about.com/od/classicessays/a/Look-At-Your-Fish-By-Samuel-H-Scudder.htm

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  28. Haemulon
    CC BY Brian Gratwicke
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haemulon#/media/File:Haemulon_flavolineat
    um_French_grunt.jpg

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  29. Singapore is
    renewable energy
    challenged

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  30. Solar, Wind, Hydro, Tidal,
    Wave, Biomass, Geo-
    thermal are all non-feasible
    for Singapore

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  31. What's left
    then
    is
    _______

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  32. What's left
    then
    is
    nuclear

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  33. Could Molten Salt Reactors or
    Thorium MSReactors,
    or more precisely,
    Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactors –
    LFTR be our Smart Energy source?
    Source: http://www.thoriumenergycheaperthancoal.com/,
    http://home.comcast.net/~robert.hargraves/public_html/2010-07Hargraves2-1.pdf
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?t=6&v=SS2JrWa_Wkc

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  34. Until Smart Energy is
    available, any Smart Nation
    effort would have a SPOF

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  35. Having level set that
    consideration, the
    unspoken challenge of the
    Smart Nation is ...

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  36. ... keeping all of these
    technologies secure,
    current, updateable (plug
    and play)

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  37. At a national level,
    technological
    independence and reliance
    on open standards have to
    be a core principle

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  38. What's technological
    independence?

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  39. It's all about being able to
    design, build, empower &
    manage the tech needed to
    make the Smart Nation
    thrive

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  40. To ensure that, as a policy,
    all of the tech needed MUST
    have an
    Open Source Reference
    Implementation
    .

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  41. To ensure that, as a policy,
    all of the tech needed MUST
    have an
    Open Source Reference
    Implementation
    – without exception

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  42. What's an
    Open Source Reference
    Implementation?

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  43. An Open Source Reference
    Implementation would
    ensure that the knowledge
    of the tech will always be
    available in the open

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  44. At a national level, you
    cannot compromise your
    independence with closed
    source solutions

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  45. So, with an Open Source
    Reference Implementation,
    you have the needed gold
    standard for continuity

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  46. The Soul of the Smart
    Nation

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  47. The Soul of the Smart
    Nation*:
    Is embodied in knowing
    that you have control of
    your destiny
    * apologies to Tracy Kidder's Soul of a New Machine http://tracykidder.com/books/soul/

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  48. Which brings me to the
    three fundamental
    principles that have to be
    adhered to in building a
    Smart Nation

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  49. 1. Secure by default

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  50. 1. Secure by default
    2. Open Standards-based

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  51. 1. Secure by default
    2. Open Standards-based
    3. Open Source Reference
    Implementation

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  52. Taken together a
    sustainable and efficient
    Smart Nation that is
    secure, independent and
    resilient becomes doable

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  53. “Look at your fish” *
    * apologies to Samuel Scudder - http://grammar.about.com/od/classicessays/a/Look-At-Your-Fish-By-Samuel-H-Scudder.htm

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  54. Haemulon
    CC BY Brian Gratwicke
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haemulon#/media/File:Haemulon_flavolineat
    um_French_grunt.jpg

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  55. Thank you
    Harish Pillay
    [email protected]
    @harishpillay

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  56. Two more things

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  57. “I believe in a #SmartNation with an
    open source society and immense
    opportunities; where everyone can share,
    participate and co-create solutions to
    enrich and improve quality of life for
    ourselves and our fellow Singaporeans.”
    Minister Dr Vivian Balakrishnan
    Geekcamp.SG, September 26, 2015
    https://www.facebook.com/Vivian.Balakrishnan.Sg/posts/10153017297841207

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  58. http://open-advice.org/
    Available on a first-come-
    first-served basis at the
    Red Hat Booth just
    outside this auditorium

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  59. Thank you
    Harish Pillay
    [email protected]
    @harishpillay

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