Using Engineering to Incorporate 3D Learning in Your
Early Employee at Evernote & Spirit Airlines
International Executive Coach, Advisor,
TEDx Speaker, Presenter and Author
Coach, Mentor and Advisor for Universities,
Entrepreneurial Ecosystems, Incubators
2015 & 2016 Mentor/Coach and Female
Executive of the Year
Columnist for Inc & Tech.co
A. Next Generation Science Standards, NGSS is a multi-state effort to create new education standards
that are "rich in content and practice, arranged in a coherent manner across disciplines and grades to
provide all students an internationally benchmarked science education."
B. Three Dimensions: Builds understanding of multiple grade-appropriate elements of the science and
engineering practices (SEPs), disciplinary core ideas (DCIs), and crosscutting concepts (CCCs) that are
deliberately selected to aid student sense-making of phenomena and/or designing of solutions.
i. Provides opportunities to develop and use specific elements of the SEP(s).
ii. Provides opportunities to develop and use specific elements of the DCI(s).
iii. Provides opportunities to develop and use specific elements of the CCC(s).
Integrating the Three Dimensions: Student sense-making of phenomena and/or designing of solutions
requires student performances that integrate elements of the SEPs, CCCs, and DCIs.
What is 3D Learning?
Science and Engineering
Disciplinary Core Ideas
Cross Cutting Concepts
Where do we begin?
Today’s Unprecedented Confusion
1.Use of Technology
3.Project Based Learning
“The ability of a student to become a self-
directed learner relies on the development of
their metacognitive skills.”
What Are our Options?
8 Components of PBL
How are they Interrelated?
1. Curriculum content
2. Twenty First Century Skills
3. Need to know
4. Driving Questions
5. Student Voice and Choice
6. In depth Inquiry
7. Reflection & Revision
8. Audience Presented Product
1. Asking questions for Science and Defining
Problems for Engineering
2. Developing and using models
3. Planning and Carrying out investigations
4. Analyzing and Interpreting Data
5. Using Mathematics and Computational
6. Constructing Explanations for Science and
Designing Solutions for Engineering
7. Engaging Argument from Evidence
8. Obtaining, Evaluating, and Communicating
A Comparison of Project Based Learning and Science and Engineering Practices
STEM & STEAM and the NGSS
Where Can I get Inspiration?
Every concept lends itself for 3D
learning – the remotest idea you
can think of allows for 3D Learning.
Work in Pairs or Groups and Generate the following Questions:
1. What Science Ideas go with these sample(s) Specify: Biology, Chemistry, Physical
Science, Physics, Forensic Science, Physics, Human Anatomy & Physiology, Earth
2. What Math Ideas go with these sample(s) Specify: Coordinate Algebra, Advanced
Algebra, Geometry, Calculus, Statistics – Reason abstractly and quantitatively?
3. What Engineering Ideas go with these sample(s)Specify: Analyzing a major global
challenge/ Designing a Solution to a Complex Real World Problem/Evaluating a Solution
to a Complex Real World Problem/Simulating and or making physical models to project
the impact of a proposed solution?
4. What Literacy Ideas go with these sample(s)?
5. What Art Ideas go with these sample(s)? Specify: (Music, Theatre?/Drawing- Visual arts
and Abstract/Painting- Scientific and Artistic/Creating Models
Human Anatomy &
Major Global Challenge Real World Problem: Solution
Real World Problem:
Constraints Computer Simulation Model
Next Generation Science Standards: Science
• Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the relationships between systems or
between components of a system.
• (Grades 9 - 12)
Common Core State Standards: Math
• Define appropriate quantities for the purpose of descriptive modeling. (Grades 9 - 12)
International Technology and Engineering Educators Association: Technology
• Models are used to communicate and test design ideas and processes. (Grades 3 - 5)
• Modeling, testing, evaluating, and modifying are used to transform ideas into practical
solutions. (Grades 6 - 8)
• Technological progress promotes the advancement of science and mathematics. (Grades 9
• Look for Literacy Standards
• Look for Arts Standards