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Decentralization is a Myth

84c7bbbb6b96f28124e5b598a49941c9?s=47 Meltem
September 28, 2018

Decentralization is a Myth

84c7bbbb6b96f28124e5b598a49941c9?s=128

Meltem

September 28, 2018
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  1. Nothing is Decentralized And It Doesn’t Matter Anyways Meltem Demirors

  2. MY VIEW OF THE WORLD

  3. THE BLOCKCHAIN APPLICATION STACK We are still in the early

    stages of defining, building, and implementing protocols, but this time, billions of dollars of value are at stake at the protocol layer instead of the application layer THE INTERNET Innovation in Information Transfer Network: ISPs Killer App: Email Application Universe: Streaming video and music, data sharing, cloud computing Protocols: TCP/IP, HTTP, DNS, FTP THE BLOCKCHAIN Innovation in Value Transfer Network: Miners, Full Nodes, Staking Pools Killer App: Bitcoin Application Universe: Smart contracts, distributed computing, tokenization Protocols: Bitcoin, Ethereum, IPFS, RSK, Blockstack @Melt_Dem 4
  4. GREED IS GOOD

  5. BLOCKCHAIN, MAKE ME MONEY! @Melt_Dem 6 Source: CoinMetrics.io BITCOIN $0

    $11 $22 Jan-15 Jan-16 Jan-17 Jan-18 Thousands ETHEREUM $0 $600 $1,200 Aug-15 Aug-16 Aug-17 RIPPLE $0 $2 $4 Jan-15 Jan-16 Jan-17 Jan-18 As of 8/2018 Up 874% As of 8/2018 Up 14,408% As of 8/2018 Up 2,854%
  6. THE NEXT BITCOIN, ETHEREUM, RIPPLE @Melt_Dem 7

  7. WHAT INVESTORS AND ENTREPRENEURS WANT 8 @Melt_Dem

  8. MATURITY IS A RELATIVE THING

  9. SPECULATIVE FRENZIES ARE NATURAL @Melt_Dem 10 EMERGENCE FRENZY SYNERGY MATURITY

    Big bang Crash Institutional Adjustment Next big bang Time Degree of Diffusion of the Technological Revolution INSTALLATION PERIOD DEPLOYMENT PERIOD Intense funding Decoupling of paper value and real value Rampant speculation Focus on production Recoupling of paper value and real value Decreasing growth opportunities Source: Carlota Perez, Technological Revolutions and Financial Capital
  10. WHERE WE ARE IN THE ADOPTION LIFECYCLE @Melt_Dem 11 -

    2! ARDENT - 1! 1! 2! " EARLY ADOPTERS INNOVATORS EARLY MAJORITY LATE MAJORITY NO-COINERS LAGGARDS Each successive wave of new applications changes the adoption curve and addressable market Source: Geoffrey Moore, Crossing the Chasm
  11. WHERE WE ARE IN THE CRYPTO LIFECYCLE CREATE DISTRIBUTE RETIRE

    OR REPLACE MANAGE t = 0 t = 1 t = 2 t = 3 Speculation Utilization Specification A BRIEF ANALYSIS OF POPULAR CRYPTOASSETS (ASSET | LIFESPAN) BITCOIN | 9.7 YEARS | $111B ETHEREUM | 3.1 YEARS | $21B LITECOIN | 4.6 YEARS | $3B RIPPLE | 5.1 YEARS | $11B ZCASH | 1.9 YEARS | $590M TRON | 1.0 YEARS | $1.3B EOS | 1.2 YEARS | $4.6B Source: Market data retrieved Sept 7 2018 from OnChainFX, personal assessment of lifecycle state @Melt_Dem 12
  12. UNTANGLING DECENTRALIZATION

  13. DECENTRALIZATION: WHAT DOES IT MEAN? @Melt_Dem 14

  14. MAYBE THIS? @Melt_Dem 15

  15. WHAT IT DOESN’T MEAN @Melt_Dem 16 • FAIRNESS • PRIVACY

    • SECURITY • SELF-SOVEREIGNTY • MORAL SUPERIORITY
  16. BUT PROBABLY THIS @Melt_Dem 17 • CENSORSHIP RESISTANCE!!! ü Must

    make censorship economically difficult / impossible • CONTROL ü Inability of a single entity to change the system • EFFICIENCY ü Consensus can be achieved efficiently
  17. PAINFUL REALITIES

  18. WE WORSHIP MONEY @Melt_Dem 19

  19. MONEY TALKS, VALUES WALK @Melt_Dem 20 2013 2018 2014 2015

    2016 2017 Source: Proprietary analysis using publicly available news sources.
  20. INVESTORS ARE NOT SOCIAL ACTIVISTS @Melt_Dem 21 Fiduciary Responsibility -

    A legal obligation of one party to act in the best interest of another. The obligated party is typically a fiduciary, that is, someone entrusted with the care of money.
  21. INCENTIVES ARE EVERYTHING @Melt_Dem 22

  22. AND… @Melt_Dem 23 SPECULATOR USER =

  23. WHEN INVESTORS OWN ALL THE TOKENS… @Melt_Dem 24 Early crypto

    funds and industry insiders 1x 10x 50x Larger, later stage funds, family office, VC, and angels Final FOMO lap on the fundraise trail Exchange listing hype and FOMO, retail buying Early investors start dumping to recoup principal Puke up 75%+ of value in first 30 days Bag holders waiting for the moon that never comes time a race to the bottom
  24. THE STATE OF DECENTRALIZATION

  25. Decentralization isn’t a myth... It just hasn’t been implemented properly

    yet
  26. DECENTRALIZATION IS AN ESOTERIC GOAL APPLICATION NETWORK PROTOCOL Applications User

    adoption of various applications 1000s 100S ? ? ”Ecosystem” Amount of capital dedicated to ecosystem? $B $B $M $M Network Cost Annual ”mining” reward or cost to maintain network ~$6B ~$1B $0 $0 Nodes in Network # public nodes in network 100K+ various types 10K ? 156 Node Concentration # entities with >50% of network power in consensus 4 3 2 1 Distribution of Tokens % supply held by top 100 accounts 19% 34% 81% 62% Development # client codebases that account for >90% of nodes 1 2 1 1 MEASURE METRIC Source: arewedecentralizedyet.com, OnChainFX, BitInfoCharts.com, Blockdaemon research, my back of the envelope math @Melt_Dem 27
  27. IMPLEMENTING DECENTRALIZATION Network: Miners, Full Nodes, Staking Pools Application Universe:

    Smart contracts, distributed computing, tokenization Protocols: Bitcoin, Ethereum, IPFS, RSK, Blockstack @Melt_Dem 28 Governance Layer Voting, polling, community updates, forums, foundations • Not enough to implement decentralization at the technology layer • Have to add in a governance layer which links to the protocol, network, and application
  28. WE NEED GOVERNANCE LAYER TOOLS CREATE DISTRIBUTE RETIRE OR REPLACE

    MANAGE t = 0 t = 1 t = 2 t = 3 Speculation Utilization Specification The market needs more robust infrastructure to enable assets that create true utility to be functional in a market economy @Melt_Dem 29 Source:Proprietary analysis using publicly available news sources.
  29. FINDING WAYS TO TEST “DECENTRALIZATION” @Melt_Dem 30

  30. FINDING WAYS TO TEST “DECENTRALIZATION” @Melt_Dem 31 • ATTACK PROTOCOLS

    - STRESS TEST TECHNOLOGY • ATTACK NETWORKS - STRESS TEST CONSENSUS / COMPUTE TOPOLOGY • ATTACK GOVERNANCE - STRESS TEST POLITICAL STRUCTURES
  31. Decentralize ALL THE THINGS @Melt_Dem