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PRL 101 slides, Sept. 24

1247d0fbb1983f2e8070809bb7acd6ef?s=47 Ted Major
September 24, 2015

PRL 101 slides, Sept. 24



Ted Major

September 24, 2015

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  1. Civil Litigation creative commons licensed (BY-SA) flickr photo by toridawnrector:

  2. In-class assignment creative commons licensed (BY-NC-ND) flickr photo by [

    henning ]: https://flic.kr/p/nn4B2
  3. Governing Rules & Law • State law • Federal law

    • dispute between parties • Rules of Civil Procedure • Ala. R. Civ. P. • Fed. R. Civ. P. • Apply to litigation process creative commons licensed (BY-SA) flickr photo by tellumo: https://flic.kr/p/LzZXX
  4. Pleadings • Complaint • Answer • Cross-Complaint

  5. Complaint • Cause of action – The legal theory that

    forms the basis of a lawsuit • Complaint – a short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief, and a demand for judgment for the relief the pleader seeks. Ala. R. Civ. P. 8(a)
  6. Alabama pleading standard “A complaint should not be dismissed unless

    it appears beyond doubt that the plaintiff can prove no set of facts in in support of his claim that would entitle him to relief.” Bowling v. Pow, 301 So.2d 55 (Ala. 1973), citing Conley v. Gibson, 355 U.S. 41, 45- 46 (1957)
  7. Complaint Assignment • Using form on website, draft complaint stating

    cause of action for conversion and seeking injunction and damages • Facts? • What do we need to include?
  8. Complaint Assignment • Parties and Background • Names & addresses

    of Π & Δ • Facts of the case • Counts • Causes of action • Include all elements • Prayer for relief • Remedy requested
  9. creative commons licensed (BY) flickr photo by thefixer: https://flic.kr/p/7HXJbB

  10. Fictitious party practice • What happens when a statute of

    limitations approaches and plaintiff doesn’t know the names of all defendants? – When a party is ignorant of the name of an opposing party and so alleges in the party's pleading, the opposing party may be designated by any name, and when that party's true name is discovered, the process and all pleadings and proceedings in the action may be amended by substituting the true name. Ala. R. Civ. P. 9(h) – Plaintiff v. John Doe
  11. Summons • The summons . . . shall be signed

    by the clerk, contain the name of the court and the name of the first party on each side . . ., be directed to the defendant . . ., state the name and address of the plaintiff’s attorney, . . ., and the time within which these rules require the defendant to appear and defend, and shall notify the defendant that, in case of the defendant's failure to do so, judgment by default will be rendered against the defendant for the relief demanded in the complaint. Ala. R. Civ. P. 4(a)(2)
  12. Service • Individual: by serving the individual or by leaving

    a copy of the summons and the complaint at the individual's dwelling house or usual place of abode with some person of suitable age and discretion then residing therein. Ala. R. Civ. P. 4(c)(1) • Business: by serving an officer, a partner (other than a limited partner), a managing or general agent, or any agent authorized by appointment or by law to receive service of process Ala. R. Civ. P. 4(c)(6)
  13. Answer • Admit/deny allegations of complaint • Raise affirmative defenses

  14. Statute of Limitations Ala. Code § 6-2-30 et seq. •

    election contest? • most civil actions? • money due on open account; disbarment? • actions against surety? • trespass, conversion, contracts? • contracts under seal; recovery of lands? • enforcement of judgments? • state/municipal action to recover lands?
  15. Discovery

  16. Discovery • Relevance: any information reasonably calculated to lead to

    admissible evidence • But: – Privilege • Attorney-client • Work-Product – Objections • Overbroad, unduly burdensome, lacks relevance
  17. Discovery tools • Motion to compel • Interrogatories • Depositions

    • Requests for admission • Requests for production of documents
  18. Trial preparation • Trial notebook • Evidence – Testimonial •

    Direct examination • Cross examination – Documentary – Demonstrative
  19. Trial • Voir dire – Challenge for cause – Peremptory

    challenge • Opening statements • Plaintiff’s case • Defendant’s case • Closing statements
  20. Post-trial motions • Directed verdict • New trial • Judgment

    notwithstanding the verdict – J.N.O.V.
  21. Appeals • Questions of law only • Briefs • Oral

    Argument – Optional • Actions – Affirm – Reverse – Remand