*: “signiﬁcant” is a very broad qualiﬁer. In general, if you see a diﬀerence equal or greater of 10%, you can assume there is a relation between the two variables (which can conﬁrm or not your hypothesis). If the diﬀerence is small (around 5%), you can assume there is no relation between the two variables. To understand if our initial hypothesis is conﬁrmed or not, we need to compare % by column. To conﬁrm our hypothesis, the % of Canadian students with a GPA greater than 3 should have been signiﬁcantly* above the % of study permit students with a GPA above 3. This results do not support the hypothesis. Actually show the opposite: there is a relation between Residence_Status and GPA but a relatively larger share of Study permit students (4.4%) compared to Canadian Citizen appear to have a GPA of 3 or higher.