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Tool Trouble: Network and Spatial Methods in Art History

A597f983f2a3599765ef8a68ed9e5c4b?s=47 Matthew Lincoln
February 01, 2016

Tool Trouble: Network and Spatial Methods in Art History

Paper given at the 2016 meeting of the College Art Association in Washington, DC

A597f983f2a3599765ef8a68ed9e5c4b?s=128

Matthew Lincoln

February 01, 2016
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  1. TOOL TROUBLE Network and Spatial Methods for Art History Matthew

    Lincoln University of Maryland @matthewdlincoln College Art Association 2016
  2. What happens next? @matthewdlincoln (Image source: @batlabels, 9 December 2015)

  3. Alfred H. Barr, Jr., “Diagram of Stylistic Evolution from 1830

    until 1935”, in Cubism and Abstract Art [1936], reprint (New York: Museum of Modern Art, 1966) @matthewdlincoln
  4. John Frederick Padgett and Walter W. Powell, “The Problem of

    Emergence,” in The Emergence of Organizations and Markets, (Princeton University Press, 2012), 6. @matthewdlincoln
  5. Publisher Designer Engraver “Sculptura in Æs”, from Johannes Stradanus’ Nova

    Reperta. Published by Philips Galle, c. 1588-1605. British Museum, London.
  6. @matthewdlincoln

  7. @matthewdlincoln A Gephi mess (don’t do this!)

  8. @matthewdlincoln Complete graph 1615 1630 1640 1640 1670 1680 1619

    • • • • • • A 1550−1620 B 1590−1645 C 1606−1660 D 1620−1675 E 1656−1700 F 1678−1730 1610−1620 1615 1619 • • • • A 1550−1620 B 1590−1645 C 1606−1660 D 1620−1675 1630−1640 1630 1640 1640 • • • B 1590−1645 C 1606−1660 D 1620−1675 1670−1680 1670 1680 • • • D 1620−1675 E 1656−1700 F 1678−1730
  9. @matthewdlincoln Network centralization • • • • • • •

    • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 0.93 – highly centralized 0.53 – somewhat centralized 0 – perfectly even
  10. @matthewdlincoln Group Assortativity 100% internal 58% internal 67% external 100%

    external • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
  11. centrality nodes edges 0.00 0.05 0.10 0.15 0.20 0 100

    200 300 400 0 100 200 300 1550 1600 1650 1700 1750 @matthewdlincoln
  12. 1650 40 45 50 55 −10 0 10 20 Population

    (tens of thousands) 0 100 200 300 400 region British Isles France Germany Iberia Italy Poland Scandinavia The Low Countries @matthewdlincoln Matthew Lincoln after Jan De Vries 1984 (2015) europop: Historical Populations of European Cities, 1500-1800 R package version 0.1
  13. 0.00 0.25 0.50 0.75 1.00 1500 1600 1700 1800 Share

    of Urban Population region British Isles France Germany Iberia Italy Poland Scandinavia The Low Countries @matthewdlincoln
  14. Image source: Saul Steinberg, “View of the World from 9th

    Avenue”, The New Yorker, 29 March 1976 @matthewdlincoln
  15. @matthewdlincoln Walter Scheidel and Elijah Meeks, ORBIS: The Stanford Geospatial

    Network Model of the Roman World
  16. @matthewdlincoln Walter Scheidel and Elijah Meeks, ORBIS: The Stanford Geospatial

    Network Model of the Roman World
  17. @matthewdlincoln Walter Scheidel and Elijah Meeks, ORBIS: The Stanford Geospatial

    Network Model of the Roman World
  18. Image source: ORBIS Working pape, orbis.stanford.edu/assets/Scheidel_64.pdf @matthewdlincoln

  19. RStudio Integrated Development Environment (author’s laptop) @matthewdlincoln

  20. @matthewdlincoln 1.  Maps and networks aren’t tools; they are methods.

  21. 1.  Maps and networks aren’t tools; they are methods. 2. 

    This requires faculty investment. @matthewdlincoln
  22. Matthew Lincoln matthewlincoln.net @matthewdlincoln